Astromineralogy

Astromineralogy PDF Author: Thomas Henning
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642132588
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 329

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Book Description
Astromineralogy deals with the science of gathering mineralogical information from the astronomical spectroscopy of asteroids, comets and dust in the circumstellar environments in general. This field has received a tremendous boost with the reliable identification of minerals by the Infrared Space Observatory. The first edition of this book, published in 2003, was the first comprehensive and coherent account of this exciting field. Data obtained in the meantime with the Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope, the stardust mission to the comet 81P / Wild 2, and with the Cassini mission, together with progress in ground-based observations and laboratory astrophysics form the basis for this updated and widely extended second edition.Beyond addressing the specialist in the field, the book is intended as a high-level but readable introduction to astromineralogy for both the nonspecialist researcher and the advanced student.

ISO Science Legacy

ISO Science Legacy PDF Author: Catherine Cesarsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038445
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 446

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Book Description
This book recounts results obtained via the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) on comets, in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars, in the interstellar medium, and in the final stages of stellar life, using molecular hydrogen, ubiquitous crystalline silicates, water and ices. ISO has enabled investigation of the fuelling mechanism of galaxies, and new understanding of luminous infrared galaxies and their role in shaping present galaxies and in producing the cosmic infrared background.

Physical Processes in Circumstellar Disks around Young Stars

Physical Processes in Circumstellar Disks around Young Stars PDF Author: Paulo J. V. Garcia
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226282309
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 440

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Book Description
Circumstellar disks are vast expanses of dust that form around new stars in the earliest stages of their birth. Predicted by astronomers as early as the eighteenth century, they weren’t observed until the late twentieth century, when interstellar imaging technology enabled us to see nascent stars hundreds of light years away. Since then, circumstellar disks have become an area of intense study among astrophysicists, largely because they are thought to be the forerunners of planetary systems like our own—the possible birthplaces of planets. This volume brings together a team of leading experts to distill the most up-to-date knowledge of circumstellar disks into a clear introductory volume. Understanding circumstellar disks requires a broad range of scientific knowledge, including chemical processes, the properties of dust and gases, hydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics, radiation transfer, and stellar evolution—all of which are covered in this comprehensive work, which will be indispensable for graduate students, seasoned researchers, or even advanced undergrads setting out on the study of planetary evolution.

Dust in the Universe

Dust in the Universe PDF Author: K. S. Krishna Swamy
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812562931
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 252

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Book Description
- First book to present a comprehensive study of dust in the universe

Mineralogy

Mineralogy PDF Author: Martin Okrusch
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3662573164
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 719

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Book Description
This book presents a translation and update of the classic German textbook of Mineralogy and Petrology that has been published for decades. It provides an introduction to mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry, discussing the principles of mineralogy, including crystallography, chemical bonding, and physical properties, and the genesis of minerals in a didactic and understandable way. Illustrated with numerous figures and tables, it also features several sections dedicated to the genesis of mineral resources. The textbook reflects the authors’ many years of experience and is ideal for use in lectures on mineralogy and petrology.

Reviews in Modern Astronomy, The Many Facets of the Universe

Reviews in Modern Astronomy, The Many Facets of the Universe PDF Author: Siegfried Röser
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 343

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Book Description
Volume 19 continues the Reviews in Modern Astronomy with invited reviews and highlight contributions which were presented during the International Scientific Conference of the Astronomical Society on the topic "The Many Facets of the Universe - Revelations by New Instruments", held at the University of Cologne, Germany, September 26 - October 1, 2005. The contributions to the meeting published in this volume discuss, among other subjects, astrochemistry, astrobiology, cosmology, star and planet formation, and present overviews on new instruments in the infrared and sub-millimeter wavelength range. Highlight: Karl-Schwarzschild-Lecture by G. A. Tammann (Basel) "The Ups and downs of the Hubble constant".

The Stardust Revolution

The Stardust Revolution PDF Author: Jacob Berkowitz
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1616145501
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 376

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Book Description
Three great scientific revolutions have shaped our understanding of the cosmos and our relationship to it. The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries witnessed the Copernican Revolution, which bodychecked the Earth as the pivot point of creation and joined us with the rest of the cosmos as one planet among many orbiting the Sun. Three centuries later came the second great scientific revolution: the Darwinian Revolution. It removed us from a distinct, divine biological status to place us wholly in the ebb and flow of all terrestrial life. This book describes how we’re in the midst of a third great scientific revolution, five centuries in the making: the Stardust Revolution. It is the merging of the once-disparate realms of astronomy and evolutionary biology, and of the Copernican and Darwinian Revolutions, placing life in a cosmic context. The Stardust Revolution takes readers on a grand journey that begins on the summit of California’s Mount Wilson, where astronomers first realized that the universe is both expanding and evolving, to a radio telescope used to identify how organic molecules—the building blocks of life—are made by stars. It’s an epic story told through a scientific cast that includes some of the twentieth century’s greatest minds—including Nobel laureate Charles Townes, who discovered cosmic water—as well as the most ambitious scientific explorers of the twenty-first century, those racing to find another living planet. Today, an entirely new breed of scientists—astrobiologists and astrochemists—are taking the study of life into the space age. Astrobiologists study the origins, evolution, and distribution of life, not just on Earth, but in the universe. Stardust science is filling in the missing links in our evolutionary story, ones that extend our family tree back to the stars.

Laboratory Astrochemistry

Laboratory Astrochemistry PDF Author: Stephan Schlemmer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527408894
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520

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Book Description
Written by leading scientists in the field and intended for a broader readership, this is an ideal starting point for an overview of current research and developments. As such, the book covers a broad spectrum of laboratory astrophysics and chemistry, describing recent advances in experiments, as well as theoretical work, including fundamental physics and modeling chemical networks. For researchers as well as students and newcomers to the field. From the contents: The Astrophysical Background Molecular Spectroscopy Gas Phase Chemistry Molecular Photodissociation Surface Science Dust and Nanoparticle Spectroscopy Formation of Nanoparticles and Solids

Astromineralogy

Astromineralogy PDF Author: Thomas Henning
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642132588
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 329

View

Book Description
Astromineralogy deals with the science of gathering mineralogical information from the astronomical spectroscopy of asteroids, comets and dust in the circumstellar environments in general. This field has received a tremendous boost with the reliable identification of minerals by the Infrared Space Observatory. The first edition of this book, published in 2003, was the first comprehensive and coherent account of this exciting field. Data obtained in the meantime with the Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope, the stardust mission to the comet 81P / Wild 2, and with the Cassini mission, together with progress in ground-based observations and laboratory astrophysics form the basis for this updated and widely extended second edition.Beyond addressing the specialist in the field, the book is intended as a high-level but readable introduction to astromineralogy for both the nonspecialist researcher and the advanced student.

ISO Science Legacy

ISO Science Legacy PDF Author: Catherine Cesarsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038445
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 446

View

Book Description
This book recounts results obtained via the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) on comets, in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars, in the interstellar medium, and in the final stages of stellar life, using molecular hydrogen, ubiquitous crystalline silicates, water and ices. ISO has enabled investigation of the fuelling mechanism of galaxies, and new understanding of luminous infrared galaxies and their role in shaping present galaxies and in producing the cosmic infrared background.

Physical Processes in Circumstellar Disks around Young Stars

Physical Processes in Circumstellar Disks around Young Stars PDF Author: Paulo J. V. Garcia
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226282309
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 440

View

Book Description
Circumstellar disks are vast expanses of dust that form around new stars in the earliest stages of their birth. Predicted by astronomers as early as the eighteenth century, they weren’t observed until the late twentieth century, when interstellar imaging technology enabled us to see nascent stars hundreds of light years away. Since then, circumstellar disks have become an area of intense study among astrophysicists, largely because they are thought to be the forerunners of planetary systems like our own—the possible birthplaces of planets. This volume brings together a team of leading experts to distill the most up-to-date knowledge of circumstellar disks into a clear introductory volume. Understanding circumstellar disks requires a broad range of scientific knowledge, including chemical processes, the properties of dust and gases, hydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics, radiation transfer, and stellar evolution—all of which are covered in this comprehensive work, which will be indispensable for graduate students, seasoned researchers, or even advanced undergrads setting out on the study of planetary evolution.

Dust in the Universe

Dust in the Universe PDF Author: K. S. Krishna Swamy
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812562931
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 252

View

Book Description
- First book to present a comprehensive study of dust in the universe

Mineralogy

Mineralogy PDF Author: Martin Okrusch
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3662573164
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 719

View

Book Description
This book presents a translation and update of the classic German textbook of Mineralogy and Petrology that has been published for decades. It provides an introduction to mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry, discussing the principles of mineralogy, including crystallography, chemical bonding, and physical properties, and the genesis of minerals in a didactic and understandable way. Illustrated with numerous figures and tables, it also features several sections dedicated to the genesis of mineral resources. The textbook reflects the authors’ many years of experience and is ideal for use in lectures on mineralogy and petrology.

Reviews in Modern Astronomy, The Many Facets of the Universe

Reviews in Modern Astronomy, The Many Facets of the Universe PDF Author: Siegfried Röser
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 343

View

Book Description
Volume 19 continues the Reviews in Modern Astronomy with invited reviews and highlight contributions which were presented during the International Scientific Conference of the Astronomical Society on the topic "The Many Facets of the Universe - Revelations by New Instruments", held at the University of Cologne, Germany, September 26 - October 1, 2005. The contributions to the meeting published in this volume discuss, among other subjects, astrochemistry, astrobiology, cosmology, star and planet formation, and present overviews on new instruments in the infrared and sub-millimeter wavelength range. Highlight: Karl-Schwarzschild-Lecture by G. A. Tammann (Basel) "The Ups and downs of the Hubble constant".

Reviews in Modern Astronomy

Reviews in Modern Astronomy PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Astronomical instruments
Languages : en
Pages : 343

View

Book Description


The Stardust Revolution

The Stardust Revolution PDF Author: Jacob Berkowitz
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1616145501
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 376

View

Book Description
Three great scientific revolutions have shaped our understanding of the cosmos and our relationship to it. The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries witnessed the Copernican Revolution, which bodychecked the Earth as the pivot point of creation and joined us with the rest of the cosmos as one planet among many orbiting the Sun. Three centuries later came the second great scientific revolution: the Darwinian Revolution. It removed us from a distinct, divine biological status to place us wholly in the ebb and flow of all terrestrial life. This book describes how we’re in the midst of a third great scientific revolution, five centuries in the making: the Stardust Revolution. It is the merging of the once-disparate realms of astronomy and evolutionary biology, and of the Copernican and Darwinian Revolutions, placing life in a cosmic context. The Stardust Revolution takes readers on a grand journey that begins on the summit of California’s Mount Wilson, where astronomers first realized that the universe is both expanding and evolving, to a radio telescope used to identify how organic molecules—the building blocks of life—are made by stars. It’s an epic story told through a scientific cast that includes some of the twentieth century’s greatest minds—including Nobel laureate Charles Townes, who discovered cosmic water—as well as the most ambitious scientific explorers of the twenty-first century, those racing to find another living planet. Today, an entirely new breed of scientists—astrobiologists and astrochemists—are taking the study of life into the space age. Astrobiologists study the origins, evolution, and distribution of life, not just on Earth, but in the universe. Stardust science is filling in the missing links in our evolutionary story, ones that extend our family tree back to the stars.

Astromineralogy of Circumstellar Oxide Dust

Astromineralogy of Circumstellar Oxide Dust PDF Author: Thomas Posch
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783832236434
Category : Astromineralogy
Languages : en
Pages : 206

View

Book Description


Laboratory Astrochemistry

Laboratory Astrochemistry PDF Author: Stephan Schlemmer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527408894
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520

View

Book Description
Written by leading scientists in the field and intended for a broader readership, this is an ideal starting point for an overview of current research and developments. As such, the book covers a broad spectrum of laboratory astrophysics and chemistry, describing recent advances in experiments, as well as theoretical work, including fundamental physics and modeling chemical networks. For researchers as well as students and newcomers to the field. From the contents: The Astrophysical Background Molecular Spectroscopy Gas Phase Chemistry Molecular Photodissociation Surface Science Dust and Nanoparticle Spectroscopy Formation of Nanoparticles and Solids