Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India

Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India PDF Author: Oommen V. Oommen
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 9811483078
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 277

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Book Description
Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India Is a compilation of research articles on the ecological biodiversity and local conservation efforts of selected regions in India, and among local communities throughout the county. 18 chapters have been contributed by experts in ecology, sustainability and ethnic studies in India. The chapters provide information on a wide range of tops which cover local communities, their agricultural practices and the ecological relationships between their community and the species on which their livelihood depends. Contributions emphasize different aspects of these topics, such as observational ecological information about the aforementioned regions and communities, the local biodiversity, tribal customs of ethnic communities that are linked to conservation, specific programs which are aimed at the conservation of specific plant and animal species endemic to the region, the benefits shared by the communities involved with conservation programs and recommendations shared by the authors for sustainable management of the regional ecosystem and its resources. Readers will find a wealth of information about biodiversity conservation in different regions in India (most notably the western and eastern ghats and provinces such as Kerala and Andhra Pradesh), from a basic and applied perspective. The book is, therefore, an informative reference for conservationists, ecologists, environmentalists and ethnologists who are studying the biodiversity and conservation of India. Readers involved in sustainable development programs in the region will also find the content valuable to their knowledge.

Community Biodiversity Management

Community Biodiversity Management PDF Author: Walter de Boef
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415502195
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 418

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Book Description
"The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the environments where this diversity originated or is being used, are issues which are high on the policy agenda. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of community biodiversity management (CBM) as an approach to meet social, economic and environmental change"--

Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biodiversity PDF Author: Yeqiao Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429819358
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 411

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Book Description
Authored by world-class scientists and scholars, The Handbook of Natural Resources, Second Edition, is an excellent reference for understanding the consequences of changing natural resources to the degradation of ecological integrity and the sustainability of life. Based on the content of the bestselling and CHOICE-awarded Encyclopedia of Natural Resources, this new edition demonstrates the major challenges that the society is facing for the sustainability of all well-being on the planet Earth. The experience, evidence, methods, and models used in studying natural resources are presented in six stand-alone volumes, arranged along the main systems of land, water, and air. It reviews state-of-the-art knowledge, highlights advances made in different areas, and provides guidance for the appropriate use of remote sensing and geospatial data with field-based measurements in the study of natural resources. Volume 1, Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biodiversity, provides fundamental information on terrestrial ecosystems, approaches to monitoring, and impacts of climate change on natural vegetation and forests. New to this edition are discussions on biodiversity conservation, gross and net primary production, soil microbiology, land surface phenology, and decision support systems. This volume demonstrates the key processes, methods, and models used through many case studies from around the world. Written in an easy-to-reference manner, The Handbook of Natural Resources, Second Edition, as individual volumes or as a complete set, is an essential reading for anyone looking for a deeper understanding of the science and management of natural resources. Public and private libraries, educational and research institutions, scientists, scholars, and resource managers will benefit enormously from this set. Individual volumes and chapters can also be used in a wide variety of both graduate and undergraduate courses in environmental science and natural science at different levels and disciplines, such as biology, geography, earth system science, and ecology.

Community forestry in Nepal: a policy innovation for local livelihoods

Community forestry in Nepal: a policy innovation for local livelihoods PDF Author: Hemant Ojha, Lauren Persha, Ashwini Chhatre
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 35

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Book Description
The Community Forestry Program in Nepal is a global innovation in participatory environmental governance that encompasses well-defined policies, institutions, and practices. The program addresses the twin goals of forest conservation and poverty reduction. As more than 70 percent of Nepal's population depends on agriculture for their livelihood, community management of forests has been a critically important intervention. Through legislative developments and operational innovations over three decades, the program has evolved from a protection-oriented, conservation-focused agenda to a much more broad-based strategy for forest use, enterprise development, and livelihood improvement. By April 2009, one-third of Nepal's population was participating in the program, directly managing more than one-fourth of Nepal's forest area. The immediate livelihood benefits derived by rural households bolster strong collective action wherein local communities actively and sustainably manage forest resources. Community forests also became the source of diversified investment capital and raw material for new market-oriented livelihoods. Community forestry shows traits of political, financial, and ecological sustainability, including emergence of a strong legal and regulatory framework, and robust civil society institutions and networks. However, a continuing challenge is to ensure equitable distribution of benefits to women and marginalized groups. Lessons for replication emphasize experiential learning, establishment of a strong civil society network, flexible regulation to encourage diverse institutional modalities, and responsiveness of government and policymakers to a multistakeholder collaborative learning process.

Community Participation in Conservation of Great Himalayan National Park, India

Community Participation in Conservation of Great Himalayan National Park, India PDF Author: Suman Bhanoo
Publisher: Notion Press
ISBN: 9352061187
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 334

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Book Description
"The book has relevance to academics, scholars, administrators, policy experts, anthropologists, sociologists, development scientists, environmentalists as well as anyone interested in the welfare of communities residing in the vicinity of a Protected Area. It stands out as a work that will stand the test of time and should be an asset that many would like to keep. Dr. Abhik Ghosh Professor and Chairperson Department of Anthropology Panjab University Chandigarh This book is an excellent compilation of the outcome of the intense research work undertaken in the emerging field of Community Based Ecotourism Management at The UNESCO World Heritage Site, The Great Himalayan National Park and it will certainly be useful to provide necessary information, future research, road map and guidelines for all the stakeholders for effective planning and implementation of sustainable ecotourism. Ajay Srivastav Faculty, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun Former Director, Great Himalayan National Park"

Teaching and Learning Rural Livelihoods

Teaching and Learning Rural Livelihoods PDF Author: Sandeep Tambe
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030904911
Category : Country life
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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Book Description
This book synthesizes the conceptual and applied aspects of rural livelihoods as a discipline, and collates the analytical frameworks and approaches that have been designed, applied, and discussed over the last five decades. These include the sustainable livelihoods approach with its vulnerability-asset construct, collective governance of common pool resources, livelihood trajectories and poverty dynamics, rights-based approach and social justice, graduation approach for the ultra-poor, and the resilience framework to address complex risks. The book is divided into three parts, namely: introduction to rural livelihoods; synthesis of the present state of knowledge; and strengthening the knowledge action pathway. At the end of each chapter, a set of class exercises is provided to bring about a deeper understanding of these approaches and their application in real-life situations. The expected outputs from penning this textbook are threefold. Firstly, it assimilates the rural livelihood works of eminent academicians under one cover. Secondly, it positions itself as a one-stop destination for educators by translating these concepts into a ready-to-teach applied format. Thirdly, it functions as a ready reckoner for young professionals by providing a step-by-step approach to apply these learnings in real-life situations. The purpose of this book is to provide a solid foundation to the teaching and learning of rural livelihoods in academia, bridge the gap between the science, policy, and practice of rural livelihoods, and finally shape a pool of better informed and equipped professionals in development. Special thanks to Himanshu Rohira for his contributions and assistance.

Barter Markets

Barter Markets PDF Author: Michel P. Pimbert
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 1843696258
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages : 12

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Book Description


Natural Resources, Tourism and Community Livelihoods in Southern Africa

Natural Resources, Tourism and Community Livelihoods in Southern Africa PDF Author: Moren T. Stone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000763714
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
This book examines the connections between natural resources, tourism and community livelihood practices in Southern Africa, highlighting the successes and constraints experienced over the last 50 years. Questioning how natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relations can positively contribute towards development efforts, this book adopts an interdisciplinary approach to understand socio-ecological systems that characterize the dynamics for sustainable development. It explores the history of conservation and natural resource management in Southern Africa and traces the development and growth of nature-based tourism. Boasting a wide range of tourism landscapes, including national parks, wetlands, forests and oceans, the book draws on case studies from a variety of Southern African countries, including Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and considers the political challenges for implementing policies and practices. Furthermore, it analyses broader issues such as the impact of climate change, human–wildlife co-existence and resulting conflicts, poor access to funding and poverty in local communities. The book argues that the links between conservation and livelihoods can be best understood by considering the different approaches to reconciling the demands of conservation and livelihoods that have evolved over the past decades. Containing contributions from natural and social sciences the book provides guidance for practitioners and policymakers to continue to shape policies and practices that are in line with the key tenets of sustainable development. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars researching Southern Africa, sustainable tourism and conservation.

An Activist Approach to Biodiversity Planning

An Activist Approach to Biodiversity Planning PDF Author: Tejaswini Apte
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 1843695480
Category : Biodiversity
Languages : en
Pages : 150

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Book Description
Based on interviews with over 190 people involved in the NBSAP in four Indian states, this review moves beyond general principles of particpation, identifying precise approaches that work to include diverse local opinions - along with associated risks and pitfalls - emerging from on-the-ground experience. A range of successful tools are explained step-by-step to help practitioners adapt and design appropriate approaches for their own contexts internationally.--COVER.

Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India

Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India PDF Author: Oommen V. Oommen
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 9811483078
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 277

View

Book Description
Biodiversity and Livelihood: Lessons from Community Research in India Is a compilation of research articles on the ecological biodiversity and local conservation efforts of selected regions in India, and among local communities throughout the county. 18 chapters have been contributed by experts in ecology, sustainability and ethnic studies in India. The chapters provide information on a wide range of tops which cover local communities, their agricultural practices and the ecological relationships between their community and the species on which their livelihood depends. Contributions emphasize different aspects of these topics, such as observational ecological information about the aforementioned regions and communities, the local biodiversity, tribal customs of ethnic communities that are linked to conservation, specific programs which are aimed at the conservation of specific plant and animal species endemic to the region, the benefits shared by the communities involved with conservation programs and recommendations shared by the authors for sustainable management of the regional ecosystem and its resources. Readers will find a wealth of information about biodiversity conservation in different regions in India (most notably the western and eastern ghats and provinces such as Kerala and Andhra Pradesh), from a basic and applied perspective. The book is, therefore, an informative reference for conservationists, ecologists, environmentalists and ethnologists who are studying the biodiversity and conservation of India. Readers involved in sustainable development programs in the region will also find the content valuable to their knowledge.

The Governance of Nature and the Nature of Governance

The Governance of Nature and the Nature of Governance PDF Author: Krystyna Swiderska
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 1843697009
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160

View

Book Description


Community Biodiversity Management

Community Biodiversity Management PDF Author: Walter de Boef
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415502195
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 418

View

Book Description
"The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the environments where this diversity originated or is being used, are issues which are high on the policy agenda. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of community biodiversity management (CBM) as an approach to meet social, economic and environmental change"--

Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biodiversity PDF Author: Yeqiao Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429819358
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 411

View

Book Description
Authored by world-class scientists and scholars, The Handbook of Natural Resources, Second Edition, is an excellent reference for understanding the consequences of changing natural resources to the degradation of ecological integrity and the sustainability of life. Based on the content of the bestselling and CHOICE-awarded Encyclopedia of Natural Resources, this new edition demonstrates the major challenges that the society is facing for the sustainability of all well-being on the planet Earth. The experience, evidence, methods, and models used in studying natural resources are presented in six stand-alone volumes, arranged along the main systems of land, water, and air. It reviews state-of-the-art knowledge, highlights advances made in different areas, and provides guidance for the appropriate use of remote sensing and geospatial data with field-based measurements in the study of natural resources. Volume 1, Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biodiversity, provides fundamental information on terrestrial ecosystems, approaches to monitoring, and impacts of climate change on natural vegetation and forests. New to this edition are discussions on biodiversity conservation, gross and net primary production, soil microbiology, land surface phenology, and decision support systems. This volume demonstrates the key processes, methods, and models used through many case studies from around the world. Written in an easy-to-reference manner, The Handbook of Natural Resources, Second Edition, as individual volumes or as a complete set, is an essential reading for anyone looking for a deeper understanding of the science and management of natural resources. Public and private libraries, educational and research institutions, scientists, scholars, and resource managers will benefit enormously from this set. Individual volumes and chapters can also be used in a wide variety of both graduate and undergraduate courses in environmental science and natural science at different levels and disciplines, such as biology, geography, earth system science, and ecology.

Community forestry in Nepal: a policy innovation for local livelihoods

Community forestry in Nepal: a policy innovation for local livelihoods PDF Author: Hemant Ojha, Lauren Persha, Ashwini Chhatre
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 35

View

Book Description
The Community Forestry Program in Nepal is a global innovation in participatory environmental governance that encompasses well-defined policies, institutions, and practices. The program addresses the twin goals of forest conservation and poverty reduction. As more than 70 percent of Nepal's population depends on agriculture for their livelihood, community management of forests has been a critically important intervention. Through legislative developments and operational innovations over three decades, the program has evolved from a protection-oriented, conservation-focused agenda to a much more broad-based strategy for forest use, enterprise development, and livelihood improvement. By April 2009, one-third of Nepal's population was participating in the program, directly managing more than one-fourth of Nepal's forest area. The immediate livelihood benefits derived by rural households bolster strong collective action wherein local communities actively and sustainably manage forest resources. Community forests also became the source of diversified investment capital and raw material for new market-oriented livelihoods. Community forestry shows traits of political, financial, and ecological sustainability, including emergence of a strong legal and regulatory framework, and robust civil society institutions and networks. However, a continuing challenge is to ensure equitable distribution of benefits to women and marginalized groups. Lessons for replication emphasize experiential learning, establishment of a strong civil society network, flexible regulation to encourage diverse institutional modalities, and responsiveness of government and policymakers to a multistakeholder collaborative learning process.

Community Participation in Conservation of Great Himalayan National Park, India

Community Participation in Conservation of Great Himalayan National Park, India PDF Author: Suman Bhanoo
Publisher: Notion Press
ISBN: 9352061187
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 334

View

Book Description
"The book has relevance to academics, scholars, administrators, policy experts, anthropologists, sociologists, development scientists, environmentalists as well as anyone interested in the welfare of communities residing in the vicinity of a Protected Area. It stands out as a work that will stand the test of time and should be an asset that many would like to keep. Dr. Abhik Ghosh Professor and Chairperson Department of Anthropology Panjab University Chandigarh This book is an excellent compilation of the outcome of the intense research work undertaken in the emerging field of Community Based Ecotourism Management at The UNESCO World Heritage Site, The Great Himalayan National Park and it will certainly be useful to provide necessary information, future research, road map and guidelines for all the stakeholders for effective planning and implementation of sustainable ecotourism. Ajay Srivastav Faculty, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun Former Director, Great Himalayan National Park"

Teaching and Learning Rural Livelihoods

Teaching and Learning Rural Livelihoods PDF Author: Sandeep Tambe
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030904911
Category : Country life
Languages : en
Pages : 192

View

Book Description
This book synthesizes the conceptual and applied aspects of rural livelihoods as a discipline, and collates the analytical frameworks and approaches that have been designed, applied, and discussed over the last five decades. These include the sustainable livelihoods approach with its vulnerability-asset construct, collective governance of common pool resources, livelihood trajectories and poverty dynamics, rights-based approach and social justice, graduation approach for the ultra-poor, and the resilience framework to address complex risks. The book is divided into three parts, namely: introduction to rural livelihoods; synthesis of the present state of knowledge; and strengthening the knowledge action pathway. At the end of each chapter, a set of class exercises is provided to bring about a deeper understanding of these approaches and their application in real-life situations. The expected outputs from penning this textbook are threefold. Firstly, it assimilates the rural livelihood works of eminent academicians under one cover. Secondly, it positions itself as a one-stop destination for educators by translating these concepts into a ready-to-teach applied format. Thirdly, it functions as a ready reckoner for young professionals by providing a step-by-step approach to apply these learnings in real-life situations. The purpose of this book is to provide a solid foundation to the teaching and learning of rural livelihoods in academia, bridge the gap between the science, policy, and practice of rural livelihoods, and finally shape a pool of better informed and equipped professionals in development. Special thanks to Himanshu Rohira for his contributions and assistance.

Barter Markets

Barter Markets PDF Author: Michel P. Pimbert
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 1843696258
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages : 12

View

Book Description


Natural Resources, Tourism and Community Livelihoods in Southern Africa

Natural Resources, Tourism and Community Livelihoods in Southern Africa PDF Author: Moren T. Stone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000763714
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288

View

Book Description
This book examines the connections between natural resources, tourism and community livelihood practices in Southern Africa, highlighting the successes and constraints experienced over the last 50 years. Questioning how natural resources, tourism and community livelihoods relations can positively contribute towards development efforts, this book adopts an interdisciplinary approach to understand socio-ecological systems that characterize the dynamics for sustainable development. It explores the history of conservation and natural resource management in Southern Africa and traces the development and growth of nature-based tourism. Boasting a wide range of tourism landscapes, including national parks, wetlands, forests and oceans, the book draws on case studies from a variety of Southern African countries, including Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and considers the political challenges for implementing policies and practices. Furthermore, it analyses broader issues such as the impact of climate change, human–wildlife co-existence and resulting conflicts, poor access to funding and poverty in local communities. The book argues that the links between conservation and livelihoods can be best understood by considering the different approaches to reconciling the demands of conservation and livelihoods that have evolved over the past decades. Containing contributions from natural and social sciences the book provides guidance for practitioners and policymakers to continue to shape policies and practices that are in line with the key tenets of sustainable development. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars researching Southern Africa, sustainable tourism and conservation.

An Activist Approach to Biodiversity Planning

An Activist Approach to Biodiversity Planning PDF Author: Tejaswini Apte
Publisher: IIED
ISBN: 1843695480
Category : Biodiversity
Languages : en
Pages : 150

View

Book Description
Based on interviews with over 190 people involved in the NBSAP in four Indian states, this review moves beyond general principles of particpation, identifying precise approaches that work to include diverse local opinions - along with associated risks and pitfalls - emerging from on-the-ground experience. A range of successful tools are explained step-by-step to help practitioners adapt and design appropriate approaches for their own contexts internationally.--COVER.