**Author**: Royal Military Academy, Woolwich

**Publisher:**

**ISBN:**

**Category :**Mathematics

**Languages :**en

**Pages :**

**Book Description**

Skip to content
## Arithmetic, algebra, differential and integral calculus, by W. Rutherford. Application of algebra to geometry, plane trigonometry, spherical trigonometry, mensuration, coordinate geometry of two dimensions, by Stephen Fenwick

**Author**: Royal Military Academy, Woolwich

**Publisher:**

**ISBN:**

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **

**Book Description**

## Calculus Simplified

**Author**: Oscar Fernandez

**Publisher:** Princeton University Press

**ISBN:** 069117539X

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **272

**Book Description**

An accessible, streamlined, and user-friendly approach to calculus Calculus is a beautiful subject that most of us learn from professors, textbooks, or supplementary texts. Each of these resources has strengths but also weaknesses. In Calculus Simplified, Oscar Fernandez combines the strengths and omits the weaknesses, resulting in a “Goldilocks approach” to learning calculus: just the right level of detail, the right depth of insights, and the flexibility to customize your calculus adventure. Fernandez begins by offering an intuitive introduction to the three key ideas in calculus—limits, derivatives, and integrals. The mathematical details of each of these pillars of calculus are then covered in subsequent chapters, which are organized into mini-lessons on topics found in a college-level calculus course. Each mini-lesson focuses first on developing the intuition behind calculus and then on conceptual and computational mastery. Nearly 200 solved examples and more than 300 exercises allow for ample opportunities to practice calculus. And additional resources—including video tutorials and interactive graphs—are available on the book’s website. Calculus Simplified also gives you the option of personalizing your calculus journey. For example, you can learn all of calculus with zero knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions—these are discussed at the end of each mini-lesson. You can also opt for a more in-depth understanding of topics—chapter appendices provide additional insights and detail. Finally, an additional appendix explores more in-depth real-world applications of calculus. Learning calculus should be an exciting voyage, not a daunting task. Calculus Simplified gives you the freedom to choose your calculus experience, and the right support to help you conquer the subject with confidence. · An accessible, intuitive introduction to first-semester calculus · Nearly 200 solved problems and more than 300 exercises (all with answers) · No prior knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, or trigonometric functions required · Additional online resources—video tutorials and supplementary exercises—provided

## Advances in Computers

**Author**:

**Publisher:** Academic Press

**ISBN:** 9780080566429

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **312

**Book Description**

Advances in Computers

## The Development of Modern Logic

**Author**: Leila Haaparanta

**Publisher:** Oxford University Press

**ISBN:** 9780199722723

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **1008

**Book Description**

This edited volume presents a comprehensive history of modern logic from the Middle Ages through the end of the twentieth century. In addition to a history of symbolic logic, the contributors also examine developments in the philosophy of logic and philosophical logic in modern times. The book begins with chapters on late medieval developments and logic and philosophy of logic from Humanism to Kant. The following chapters focus on the emergence of symbolic logic with special emphasis on the relations between logic and mathematics, on the one hand, and on logic and philosophy, on the other. This discussion is completed by a chapter on the themes of judgment and inference from 1837-1936. The volume contains a section on the development of mathematical logic from 1900-1935, followed by a section on main trends in mathematical logic after the 1930s. The volume goes on to discuss modal logic from Kant till the late twentieth century, and logic and semantics in the twentieth century; the philosophy of alternative logics; the philosophical aspects of inductive logic; the relations between logic and linguistics in the twentieth century; the relationship between logic and artificial intelligence; and ends with a presentation of the main schools of Indian logic. The Development of Modern Logic includes many prominent philosophers from around the world who work in the philosophy and history of mathematics and logic, who not only survey developments in a given period or area but also seek to make new contributions to contemporary research in the field. It is the first volume to discuss the field with this breadth of coverage and depth, and will appeal to scholars and students of logic and its philosophy.

## Term Rewriting and Applications

**Author**: Franz Baader

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 354073449X

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **422

**Book Description**

The 18th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications, held in Paris, France in June 2007, featured presentations and discussions centering on some of the latest advances in the field. This volume presents the proceedings from that meeting. Papers cover current research on all aspects of rewriting, including applications, foundational issues, frameworks, implementations, and semantics.

## The Dawn of Science

**Author**: Thanu Padmanabhan

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 303017509X

**Category : **Science

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **286

**Book Description**

This lucid and captivating book takes the reader back to the early history of all the sciences, starting from antiquity and ending roughly at the time of Newton — covering the period which can legitimately be called the “dawn” of the sciences. Each of the 24 chapters focuses on a particular and significant development in the evolution of science, and is connected in a coherent way to the others to yield a smooth, continuous narrative. The at-a-glance diagrams showing the “When” and “Where” give a brief summary of what was happening at the time, thereby providing the broader context of the scientific events highlighted in that chapter. Embellished with colourful photographs and illustrations, and “boxed” highlights scattered throughout the text, this book is a must-read for everyone interested in the history of science, and how it shaped our world today.

## Basic Simple Type Theory

**Author**: J. Roger Hindley

**Publisher:** Cambridge University Press

**ISBN:** 0521465184

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **186

**Book Description**

Type theory is one of the most important tools in the design of higher-level programming languages, such as ML. This book introduces and teaches its techniques by focusing on one particularly neat system and studying it in detail. By concentrating on the principles that make the theory work in practice, the author covers all the key ideas without getting involved in the complications of more advanced systems. This book takes a type-assignment approach to type theory, and the system considered is the simplest polymorphic one. The author covers all the basic ideas, including the system's relation to propositional logic, and gives a careful treatment of the type-checking algorithm that lies at the heart of every such system. Also featured are two other interesting algorithms that until now have been buried in inaccessible technical literature. The mathematical presentation is rigorous but clear, making it the first book at this level that can be used as an introduction to type theory for computer scientists.

## Computer Science Logic

**Author**: Julian Bradfield

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 3540457933

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **628

**Book Description**

The Annual Conference of the European Association for Computer Science Logic, CSL 2002, was held in the Old College of the University of Edinburgh on 22–25 September 2002. The conference series started as a programme of Int- national Workshops on Computer Science Logic, and then in its sixth meeting became the Annual Conference of the EACSL. This conference was the sixteenth meeting and eleventh EACSL conference; it was organized by the Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science at the University of Edinburgh. The CSL 2002 Programme Committee considered 111 submissions from 28 countries during a two week electronic discussion; each paper was refereed by at least three reviewers. The Committee selected 37 papers for presentation at the conference and publication in these proceedings. The Programme Committee invited lectures from Susumu Hayashi, Frank Neven, and Damian Niwinski; ́ the papers provided by the invited speakers appear at the front of this volume. In addition to the main conference, two tutorials – ‘Introduction to Mu- Calculi’ (Julian Brad?eld) and ‘Parametrized Complexity’ (Martin Grohe) – were given on the previous day.

## Self-Evident Astrology

**Author**: Jeffrey Sayer Close

**Publisher:** American Federation of Astr

**ISBN:** 0866905928

**Category : **Body, Mind & Spirit

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **104

**Book Description**

In SELF-EVIDENT ASTROLOGY (TM) the planets mean what they are and are what they mean. It is this simple. All we need to understand astrology is to look into the nature of the solar system and sky around us. This book shows that the physical arrangement of the solar system, the orbital positions, the inclinations of orbital planes and things such as the mere size of a planet lead to a natural meaning for each planet. Jeffrey Sayer Close has been an amateur astrologer for 40 years and the Director of the Astrological Bureau of Ideas (www.aboi.com) for the past 12 years. He has a B.A. in physics and a M.A. in telecommunications. He has designed telecommunications network for over 25 corporations and built his own successful telecom software company. He has often been quoted and written about in trade press. He has also made guest appearances on Andrea Klim's "Turn To The Stars" TV show in Manchester, NH. Mr. Close has taken his background in science, his experience in complex networks and long experience in astrology and found new, more basic fundamentals of astrology. These fundamentals have incorporated in his innovative astrological software, INTREPID.

## Programming Languages and Systems

**Author**: Atsushi Igarashi

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 331947958X

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **465

**Book Description**

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Asian Symposium on Programming Languages and Systems, APLAS 2016, held in Hanoi, Vietnam, in November 2016. The papers cover a variety of topics such as semantics, logics, and foundational theory; design of languages type systems, and foundational calculi; domain-specific languages; compilers, interpreters, and abstract machines; program derivation, synthesis and transformation; program analysis, verification, and model-checking; logic, constraint, probabilistic and quantum programming; software security; concurrency and parallelism; tools for programming and implementation.

## Arithmetic, algebra, differential and integral calculus, by W. Rutherford. Application of algebra to geometry, plane trigonometry, spherical trigonometry, mensuration, coordinate geometry of two dimensions, by Stephen Fenwick

**Author**: Royal Military Academy, Woolwich

**Publisher:**

**ISBN:**

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **

**Book Description**

## Calculus Simplified

**Author**: Oscar Fernandez

**Publisher:** Princeton University Press

**ISBN:** 069117539X

**Category : **Mathematics

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **272

**Book Description**

An accessible, streamlined, and user-friendly approach to calculus Calculus is a beautiful subject that most of us learn from professors, textbooks, or supplementary texts. Each of these resources has strengths but also weaknesses. In Calculus Simplified, Oscar Fernandez combines the strengths and omits the weaknesses, resulting in a “Goldilocks approach” to learning calculus: just the right level of detail, the right depth of insights, and the flexibility to customize your calculus adventure. Fernandez begins by offering an intuitive introduction to the three key ideas in calculus—limits, derivatives, and integrals. The mathematical details of each of these pillars of calculus are then covered in subsequent chapters, which are organized into mini-lessons on topics found in a college-level calculus course. Each mini-lesson focuses first on developing the intuition behind calculus and then on conceptual and computational mastery. Nearly 200 solved examples and more than 300 exercises allow for ample opportunities to practice calculus. And additional resources—including video tutorials and interactive graphs—are available on the book’s website. Calculus Simplified also gives you the option of personalizing your calculus journey. For example, you can learn all of calculus with zero knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions—these are discussed at the end of each mini-lesson. You can also opt for a more in-depth understanding of topics—chapter appendices provide additional insights and detail. Finally, an additional appendix explores more in-depth real-world applications of calculus. Learning calculus should be an exciting voyage, not a daunting task. Calculus Simplified gives you the freedom to choose your calculus experience, and the right support to help you conquer the subject with confidence. · An accessible, intuitive introduction to first-semester calculus · Nearly 200 solved problems and more than 300 exercises (all with answers) · No prior knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, or trigonometric functions required · Additional online resources—video tutorials and supplementary exercises—provided

## Advances in Computers

**Author**:

**Publisher:** Academic Press

**ISBN:** 9780080566429

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **312

**Book Description**

Advances in Computers

## The Development of Modern Logic

**Author**: Leila Haaparanta

**Publisher:** Oxford University Press

**ISBN:** 9780199722723

**Category : **Philosophy

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **1008

**Book Description**

This edited volume presents a comprehensive history of modern logic from the Middle Ages through the end of the twentieth century. In addition to a history of symbolic logic, the contributors also examine developments in the philosophy of logic and philosophical logic in modern times. The book begins with chapters on late medieval developments and logic and philosophy of logic from Humanism to Kant. The following chapters focus on the emergence of symbolic logic with special emphasis on the relations between logic and mathematics, on the one hand, and on logic and philosophy, on the other. This discussion is completed by a chapter on the themes of judgment and inference from 1837-1936. The volume contains a section on the development of mathematical logic from 1900-1935, followed by a section on main trends in mathematical logic after the 1930s. The volume goes on to discuss modal logic from Kant till the late twentieth century, and logic and semantics in the twentieth century; the philosophy of alternative logics; the philosophical aspects of inductive logic; the relations between logic and linguistics in the twentieth century; the relationship between logic and artificial intelligence; and ends with a presentation of the main schools of Indian logic. The Development of Modern Logic includes many prominent philosophers from around the world who work in the philosophy and history of mathematics and logic, who not only survey developments in a given period or area but also seek to make new contributions to contemporary research in the field. It is the first volume to discuss the field with this breadth of coverage and depth, and will appeal to scholars and students of logic and its philosophy.

## Term Rewriting and Applications

**Author**: Franz Baader

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 354073449X

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **422

**Book Description**

The 18th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications, held in Paris, France in June 2007, featured presentations and discussions centering on some of the latest advances in the field. This volume presents the proceedings from that meeting. Papers cover current research on all aspects of rewriting, including applications, foundational issues, frameworks, implementations, and semantics.

## The Dawn of Science

**Author**: Thanu Padmanabhan

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 303017509X

**Category : **Science

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **286

**Book Description**

This lucid and captivating book takes the reader back to the early history of all the sciences, starting from antiquity and ending roughly at the time of Newton — covering the period which can legitimately be called the “dawn” of the sciences. Each of the 24 chapters focuses on a particular and significant development in the evolution of science, and is connected in a coherent way to the others to yield a smooth, continuous narrative. The at-a-glance diagrams showing the “When” and “Where” give a brief summary of what was happening at the time, thereby providing the broader context of the scientific events highlighted in that chapter. Embellished with colourful photographs and illustrations, and “boxed” highlights scattered throughout the text, this book is a must-read for everyone interested in the history of science, and how it shaped our world today.

## Basic Simple Type Theory

**Author**: J. Roger Hindley

**Publisher:** Cambridge University Press

**ISBN:** 0521465184

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **186

**Book Description**

Type theory is one of the most important tools in the design of higher-level programming languages, such as ML. This book introduces and teaches its techniques by focusing on one particularly neat system and studying it in detail. By concentrating on the principles that make the theory work in practice, the author covers all the key ideas without getting involved in the complications of more advanced systems. This book takes a type-assignment approach to type theory, and the system considered is the simplest polymorphic one. The author covers all the basic ideas, including the system's relation to propositional logic, and gives a careful treatment of the type-checking algorithm that lies at the heart of every such system. Also featured are two other interesting algorithms that until now have been buried in inaccessible technical literature. The mathematical presentation is rigorous but clear, making it the first book at this level that can be used as an introduction to type theory for computer scientists.

## Computer Science Logic

**Author**: Julian Bradfield

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 3540457933

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **628

**Book Description**

The Annual Conference of the European Association for Computer Science Logic, CSL 2002, was held in the Old College of the University of Edinburgh on 22–25 September 2002. The conference series started as a programme of Int- national Workshops on Computer Science Logic, and then in its sixth meeting became the Annual Conference of the EACSL. This conference was the sixteenth meeting and eleventh EACSL conference; it was organized by the Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science at the University of Edinburgh. The CSL 2002 Programme Committee considered 111 submissions from 28 countries during a two week electronic discussion; each paper was refereed by at least three reviewers. The Committee selected 37 papers for presentation at the conference and publication in these proceedings. The Programme Committee invited lectures from Susumu Hayashi, Frank Neven, and Damian Niwinski; ́ the papers provided by the invited speakers appear at the front of this volume. In addition to the main conference, two tutorials – ‘Introduction to Mu- Calculi’ (Julian Brad?eld) and ‘Parametrized Complexity’ (Martin Grohe) – were given on the previous day.

## Self-Evident Astrology

**Author**: Jeffrey Sayer Close

**Publisher:** American Federation of Astr

**ISBN:** 0866905928

**Category : **Body, Mind & Spirit

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **104

**Book Description**

In SELF-EVIDENT ASTROLOGY (TM) the planets mean what they are and are what they mean. It is this simple. All we need to understand astrology is to look into the nature of the solar system and sky around us. This book shows that the physical arrangement of the solar system, the orbital positions, the inclinations of orbital planes and things such as the mere size of a planet lead to a natural meaning for each planet. Jeffrey Sayer Close has been an amateur astrologer for 40 years and the Director of the Astrological Bureau of Ideas (www.aboi.com) for the past 12 years. He has a B.A. in physics and a M.A. in telecommunications. He has designed telecommunications network for over 25 corporations and built his own successful telecom software company. He has often been quoted and written about in trade press. He has also made guest appearances on Andrea Klim's "Turn To The Stars" TV show in Manchester, NH. Mr. Close has taken his background in science, his experience in complex networks and long experience in astrology and found new, more basic fundamentals of astrology. These fundamentals have incorporated in his innovative astrological software, INTREPID.

## Programming Languages and Systems

**Author**: Atsushi Igarashi

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 331947958X

**Category : **Computers

**Languages : **en

**Pages : **465

**Book Description**

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Asian Symposium on Programming Languages and Systems, APLAS 2016, held in Hanoi, Vietnam, in November 2016. The papers cover a variety of topics such as semantics, logics, and foundational theory; design of languages type systems, and foundational calculi; domain-specific languages; compilers, interpreters, and abstract machines; program derivation, synthesis and transformation; program analysis, verification, and model-checking; logic, constraint, probabilistic and quantum programming; software security; concurrency and parallelism; tools for programming and implementation.

An accessible, streamlined, and user-friendly approach to calculus Calculus is a beautiful subject that most of us learn from professors, textbooks, or supplementary texts. Each of these resources has strengths but also weaknesses. In Calculus Simplified, Oscar Fernandez combines the strengths and omits the weaknesses, resulting in a “Goldilocks approach” to learning calculus: just the right level of detail, the right depth of insights, and the flexibility to customize your calculus adventure. Fernandez begins by offering an intuitive introduction to the three key ideas in calculus—limits, derivatives, and integrals. The mathematical details of each of these pillars of calculus are then covered in subsequent chapters, which are organized into mini-lessons on topics found in a college-level calculus course. Each mini-lesson focuses first on developing the intuition behind calculus and then on conceptual and computational mastery. Nearly 200 solved examples and more than 300 exercises allow for ample opportunities to practice calculus. And additional resources—including video tutorials and interactive graphs—are available on the book’s website. Calculus Simplified also gives you the option of personalizing your calculus journey. For example, you can learn all of calculus with zero knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions—these are discussed at the end of each mini-lesson. You can also opt for a more in-depth understanding of topics—chapter appendices provide additional insights and detail. Finally, an additional appendix explores more in-depth real-world applications of calculus. Learning calculus should be an exciting voyage, not a daunting task. Calculus Simplified gives you the freedom to choose your calculus experience, and the right support to help you conquer the subject with confidence. · An accessible, intuitive introduction to first-semester calculus · Nearly 200 solved problems and more than 300 exercises (all with answers) · No prior knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, or trigonometric functions required · Additional online resources—video tutorials and supplementary exercises—provided

Advances in Computers

This edited volume presents a comprehensive history of modern logic from the Middle Ages through the end of the twentieth century. In addition to a history of symbolic logic, the contributors also examine developments in the philosophy of logic and philosophical logic in modern times. The book begins with chapters on late medieval developments and logic and philosophy of logic from Humanism to Kant. The following chapters focus on the emergence of symbolic logic with special emphasis on the relations between logic and mathematics, on the one hand, and on logic and philosophy, on the other. This discussion is completed by a chapter on the themes of judgment and inference from 1837-1936. The volume contains a section on the development of mathematical logic from 1900-1935, followed by a section on main trends in mathematical logic after the 1930s. The volume goes on to discuss modal logic from Kant till the late twentieth century, and logic and semantics in the twentieth century; the philosophy of alternative logics; the philosophical aspects of inductive logic; the relations between logic and linguistics in the twentieth century; the relationship between logic and artificial intelligence; and ends with a presentation of the main schools of Indian logic. The Development of Modern Logic includes many prominent philosophers from around the world who work in the philosophy and history of mathematics and logic, who not only survey developments in a given period or area but also seek to make new contributions to contemporary research in the field. It is the first volume to discuss the field with this breadth of coverage and depth, and will appeal to scholars and students of logic and its philosophy.

The 18th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications, held in Paris, France in June 2007, featured presentations and discussions centering on some of the latest advances in the field. This volume presents the proceedings from that meeting. Papers cover current research on all aspects of rewriting, including applications, foundational issues, frameworks, implementations, and semantics.

This lucid and captivating book takes the reader back to the early history of all the sciences, starting from antiquity and ending roughly at the time of Newton — covering the period which can legitimately be called the “dawn” of the sciences. Each of the 24 chapters focuses on a particular and significant development in the evolution of science, and is connected in a coherent way to the others to yield a smooth, continuous narrative. The at-a-glance diagrams showing the “When” and “Where” give a brief summary of what was happening at the time, thereby providing the broader context of the scientific events highlighted in that chapter. Embellished with colourful photographs and illustrations, and “boxed” highlights scattered throughout the text, this book is a must-read for everyone interested in the history of science, and how it shaped our world today.

Type theory is one of the most important tools in the design of higher-level programming languages, such as ML. This book introduces and teaches its techniques by focusing on one particularly neat system and studying it in detail. By concentrating on the principles that make the theory work in practice, the author covers all the key ideas without getting involved in the complications of more advanced systems. This book takes a type-assignment approach to type theory, and the system considered is the simplest polymorphic one. The author covers all the basic ideas, including the system's relation to propositional logic, and gives a careful treatment of the type-checking algorithm that lies at the heart of every such system. Also featured are two other interesting algorithms that until now have been buried in inaccessible technical literature. The mathematical presentation is rigorous but clear, making it the first book at this level that can be used as an introduction to type theory for computer scientists.

The Annual Conference of the European Association for Computer Science Logic, CSL 2002, was held in the Old College of the University of Edinburgh on 22–25 September 2002. The conference series started as a programme of Int- national Workshops on Computer Science Logic, and then in its sixth meeting became the Annual Conference of the EACSL. This conference was the sixteenth meeting and eleventh EACSL conference; it was organized by the Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science at the University of Edinburgh. The CSL 2002 Programme Committee considered 111 submissions from 28 countries during a two week electronic discussion; each paper was refereed by at least three reviewers. The Committee selected 37 papers for presentation at the conference and publication in these proceedings. The Programme Committee invited lectures from Susumu Hayashi, Frank Neven, and Damian Niwinski; ́ the papers provided by the invited speakers appear at the front of this volume. In addition to the main conference, two tutorials – ‘Introduction to Mu- Calculi’ (Julian Brad?eld) and ‘Parametrized Complexity’ (Martin Grohe) – were given on the previous day.

In SELF-EVIDENT ASTROLOGY (TM) the planets mean what they are and are what they mean. It is this simple. All we need to understand astrology is to look into the nature of the solar system and sky around us. This book shows that the physical arrangement of the solar system, the orbital positions, the inclinations of orbital planes and things such as the mere size of a planet lead to a natural meaning for each planet. Jeffrey Sayer Close has been an amateur astrologer for 40 years and the Director of the Astrological Bureau of Ideas (www.aboi.com) for the past 12 years. He has a B.A. in physics and a M.A. in telecommunications. He has designed telecommunications network for over 25 corporations and built his own successful telecom software company. He has often been quoted and written about in trade press. He has also made guest appearances on Andrea Klim's "Turn To The Stars" TV show in Manchester, NH. Mr. Close has taken his background in science, his experience in complex networks and long experience in astrology and found new, more basic fundamentals of astrology. These fundamentals have incorporated in his innovative astrological software, INTREPID.

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Asian Symposium on Programming Languages and Systems, APLAS 2016, held in Hanoi, Vietnam, in November 2016. The papers cover a variety of topics such as semantics, logics, and foundational theory; design of languages type systems, and foundational calculi; domain-specific languages; compilers, interpreters, and abstract machines; program derivation, synthesis and transformation; program analysis, verification, and model-checking; logic, constraint, probabilistic and quantum programming; software security; concurrency and parallelism; tools for programming and implementation.

An accessible, streamlined, and user-friendly approach to calculus Calculus is a beautiful subject that most of us learn from professors, textbooks, or supplementary texts. Each of these resources has strengths but also weaknesses. In Calculus Simplified, Oscar Fernandez combines the strengths and omits the weaknesses, resulting in a “Goldilocks approach” to learning calculus: just the right level of detail, the right depth of insights, and the flexibility to customize your calculus adventure. Fernandez begins by offering an intuitive introduction to the three key ideas in calculus—limits, derivatives, and integrals. The mathematical details of each of these pillars of calculus are then covered in subsequent chapters, which are organized into mini-lessons on topics found in a college-level calculus course. Each mini-lesson focuses first on developing the intuition behind calculus and then on conceptual and computational mastery. Nearly 200 solved examples and more than 300 exercises allow for ample opportunities to practice calculus. And additional resources—including video tutorials and interactive graphs—are available on the book’s website. Calculus Simplified also gives you the option of personalizing your calculus journey. For example, you can learn all of calculus with zero knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions—these are discussed at the end of each mini-lesson. You can also opt for a more in-depth understanding of topics—chapter appendices provide additional insights and detail. Finally, an additional appendix explores more in-depth real-world applications of calculus. Learning calculus should be an exciting voyage, not a daunting task. Calculus Simplified gives you the freedom to choose your calculus experience, and the right support to help you conquer the subject with confidence. · An accessible, intuitive introduction to first-semester calculus · Nearly 200 solved problems and more than 300 exercises (all with answers) · No prior knowledge of exponential, logarithmic, or trigonometric functions required · Additional online resources—video tutorials and supplementary exercises—provided

Advances in Computers

This edited volume presents a comprehensive history of modern logic from the Middle Ages through the end of the twentieth century. In addition to a history of symbolic logic, the contributors also examine developments in the philosophy of logic and philosophical logic in modern times. The book begins with chapters on late medieval developments and logic and philosophy of logic from Humanism to Kant. The following chapters focus on the emergence of symbolic logic with special emphasis on the relations between logic and mathematics, on the one hand, and on logic and philosophy, on the other. This discussion is completed by a chapter on the themes of judgment and inference from 1837-1936. The volume contains a section on the development of mathematical logic from 1900-1935, followed by a section on main trends in mathematical logic after the 1930s. The volume goes on to discuss modal logic from Kant till the late twentieth century, and logic and semantics in the twentieth century; the philosophy of alternative logics; the philosophical aspects of inductive logic; the relations between logic and linguistics in the twentieth century; the relationship between logic and artificial intelligence; and ends with a presentation of the main schools of Indian logic. The Development of Modern Logic includes many prominent philosophers from around the world who work in the philosophy and history of mathematics and logic, who not only survey developments in a given period or area but also seek to make new contributions to contemporary research in the field. It is the first volume to discuss the field with this breadth of coverage and depth, and will appeal to scholars and students of logic and its philosophy.

The 18th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications, held in Paris, France in June 2007, featured presentations and discussions centering on some of the latest advances in the field. This volume presents the proceedings from that meeting. Papers cover current research on all aspects of rewriting, including applications, foundational issues, frameworks, implementations, and semantics.

This lucid and captivating book takes the reader back to the early history of all the sciences, starting from antiquity and ending roughly at the time of Newton — covering the period which can legitimately be called the “dawn” of the sciences. Each of the 24 chapters focuses on a particular and significant development in the evolution of science, and is connected in a coherent way to the others to yield a smooth, continuous narrative. The at-a-glance diagrams showing the “When” and “Where” give a brief summary of what was happening at the time, thereby providing the broader context of the scientific events highlighted in that chapter. Embellished with colourful photographs and illustrations, and “boxed” highlights scattered throughout the text, this book is a must-read for everyone interested in the history of science, and how it shaped our world today.

Type theory is one of the most important tools in the design of higher-level programming languages, such as ML. This book introduces and teaches its techniques by focusing on one particularly neat system and studying it in detail. By concentrating on the principles that make the theory work in practice, the author covers all the key ideas without getting involved in the complications of more advanced systems. This book takes a type-assignment approach to type theory, and the system considered is the simplest polymorphic one. The author covers all the basic ideas, including the system's relation to propositional logic, and gives a careful treatment of the type-checking algorithm that lies at the heart of every such system. Also featured are two other interesting algorithms that until now have been buried in inaccessible technical literature. The mathematical presentation is rigorous but clear, making it the first book at this level that can be used as an introduction to type theory for computer scientists.

The Annual Conference of the European Association for Computer Science Logic, CSL 2002, was held in the Old College of the University of Edinburgh on 22–25 September 2002. The conference series started as a programme of Int- national Workshops on Computer Science Logic, and then in its sixth meeting became the Annual Conference of the EACSL. This conference was the sixteenth meeting and eleventh EACSL conference; it was organized by the Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science at the University of Edinburgh. The CSL 2002 Programme Committee considered 111 submissions from 28 countries during a two week electronic discussion; each paper was refereed by at least three reviewers. The Committee selected 37 papers for presentation at the conference and publication in these proceedings. The Programme Committee invited lectures from Susumu Hayashi, Frank Neven, and Damian Niwinski; ́ the papers provided by the invited speakers appear at the front of this volume. In addition to the main conference, two tutorials – ‘Introduction to Mu- Calculi’ (Julian Brad?eld) and ‘Parametrized Complexity’ (Martin Grohe) – were given on the previous day.

In SELF-EVIDENT ASTROLOGY (TM) the planets mean what they are and are what they mean. It is this simple. All we need to understand astrology is to look into the nature of the solar system and sky around us. This book shows that the physical arrangement of the solar system, the orbital positions, the inclinations of orbital planes and things such as the mere size of a planet lead to a natural meaning for each planet. Jeffrey Sayer Close has been an amateur astrologer for 40 years and the Director of the Astrological Bureau of Ideas (www.aboi.com) for the past 12 years. He has a B.A. in physics and a M.A. in telecommunications. He has designed telecommunications network for over 25 corporations and built his own successful telecom software company. He has often been quoted and written about in trade press. He has also made guest appearances on Andrea Klim's "Turn To The Stars" TV show in Manchester, NH. Mr. Close has taken his background in science, his experience in complex networks and long experience in astrology and found new, more basic fundamentals of astrology. These fundamentals have incorporated in his innovative astrological software, INTREPID.

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Asian Symposium on Programming Languages and Systems, APLAS 2016, held in Hanoi, Vietnam, in November 2016. The papers cover a variety of topics such as semantics, logics, and foundational theory; design of languages type systems, and foundational calculi; domain-specific languages; compilers, interpreters, and abstract machines; program derivation, synthesis and transformation; program analysis, verification, and model-checking; logic, constraint, probabilistic and quantum programming; software security; concurrency and parallelism; tools for programming and implementation.