Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation PDF Author: Vincenzo E. A. Russo
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 692

Get Book

Book Description
Many inheritable changes in gene function are not explained by changes in the DNA sequence. Such epigenetic mechanisms are known to influence gene function in most complex organisms and include effects such as transposon function, chromosome imprinting, yeast mating type switching and telomeric silencing. In recent years, epigenetic effects have become a major focus of research activity. This monograph, edited by three well-known biologists from different specialties, is the first to review and synthesize what is known about these effects across all species, particularly from a molecular perspective, and will be of interest to everyone in the fields of molecular biology and genetics.

Mechanisms of Gene Regulation

Mechanisms of Gene Regulation PDF Author: Carsten Carlberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400779054
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 210

Get Book

Book Description
This textbook aims to describe the fascinating area of eukaryotic gene regulation for graduate students in all areas of the biomedical sciences. Gene expression is essential in shaping the various phenotypes of cells and tissues and as such, regulation of expression is a fundamental aspect of nearly all processes in physiology, both in healthy and in diseased states. This pivotal role for the regulation of gene expression makes this textbook essential reading from students of all the biomedical sciences in order to be better prepared for their specialized disciplines. A complete understanding of transcription factors and the processes that alter their activity is a major goal of modern life science research. The availability of the whole human genome sequence (and that of other eukaryotic genomes) and the consequent development of next-generation sequencing technologies have significantly changed nearly all areas of the biological sciences. For example, the genome-wide location of histone modifications and transcription factor binding sites, such as provided by the ENCODE consortium, has greatly improved our understanding of gene regulation. Therefore, the focus of this book is the description of the post-genome understanding of gene regulation. The purpose of this book is to provide, in a condensed form, an overview on the present understanding of the mechanisms of gene regulation. The authors are not aiming to compete with comprehensive treatises, but rather focus on the essentials. Therefore, the authors have favored a high figure-to-text ratio following the rule which states that “a picture tells more than thousand words”. The content of the book is based on the lecture course, which is given by Prof. Carlberg since 2001 at the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio. The book is subdivided into 4 sections and 13 chapters. Following the Introduction there are three sections, which take a view on gene regulation from the perspective of transcription factors, chromatin and non-coding RNA, respectively. Besides its value as a textbook, Mechanisms of Gene Regulation will be a useful reference for individuals working in biomedical laboratories.

Recent Advances of Epigenetics in Crop Biotechnology

Recent Advances of Epigenetics in Crop Biotechnology PDF Author: Clelia De-la-Peña
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889198545
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Get Book

Book Description
Epigenetics is a new field that explains gene expression at the chromatin structure and organization level. Three principal epigenetic mechanisms are known and hundreds of combinations among them can develop different phenotypic characteristics. DNA methylation, histone modifications and small RNAs have been identified, and their functions are being studied in order to understand the mechanisms of interaction and regulation among the different biological processes in plants. Although, fundamental epigenetic mechanisms in crop plants are beginning to be elucidated, the comprehension of the different epigenetic mechanisms, by which plant gene regulation and phenotype are modified, is a major topic to develop in the near future in order to increase crop productivity. Thus, the importance of epigenetics in improving crop productivity is undoubtedly growing. Current research on epigenetics suggest that DNA methylation, histone modifications and small RNAs are involved in almost every aspect of plant life including agronomically important traits such as flowering time, fruit development, responses to environmental factors, defense response and plant growth. The aim of this Research Topic is to explore the recent advances concerning the role of epigenetics in crop biotechnology, as well as to enhance and promote interactions among high quality researchers from different disciplines such as genetics, cell biology, pathology, microbiology, and evolutionary biology in order to join forces and decipher the epigenetic mechanisms in crop productivity.

Chromatin and Gene Regulation

Chromatin and Gene Regulation PDF Author: Bryan M. Turner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470751673
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288

Get Book

Book Description
Written in an informal and accessible style, Chromatin and Gene Regulation enables the reader to understand the science of this rapidly moving field. Chromatin is a fundamental component in the network of controls that regulates gene expression. Many human diseases have been linked to disruption of these control processes by genetic or environmental factors, and unravelling the mechanisms by which they operate is one of the most exciting and rapidly developing areas of modern biology. Chromatin is central both to the rapid changes in gene transcription by which cells respond to changes in their environment and also to the maintenance of gene expression patterns from one cell generation to the next. This book will be an invaluable guide to undergraduate and postgraduate students in the biological sciences and all those with an interest in the medical implications of aberrant gene expression.

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Epigenetics

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Epigenetics PDF Author: Peter Meyer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 140517305X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

Get Book

Book Description
With the discovery of RNAi pathways and the histone code, epigenetics has become a popular and fast evolving research topic. Plant science has made a number of elementary contributions to this field, and the common elements of epigenetic systems have linked research groups interested in plant, fungal and animal systems. This volume provides a comprehensive overview epigenetic mechanisms and biological processes in plants, illustrating the wider relevance of this research to work in other plant science areas and on non-plant systems. It discusses recent advances in our knowledge of basic mechanisms and molecular components that control transcriptional and post-transcriptional silencing, an understanding of which is essential for plant researchers who use transgenic lines for stable expression of a recombinant construct or for targeted inactivation of an endogenous gene. These aspects should be of special interest to the agricultural industry. The volume illustrates the relevance of epigenetic control systems to gene regulation and plant development, examining paramutation, genomic imprinting and microRNA-based gene regulation mechanisms. Finally, it demonstrates the significance of epigenetic systems to viral defence and genome organisation. The volume is directed at researchers and professionals in plant molecular genetics, plant biochemistry and plant developmental biology.

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Metastatic Gene Regulation

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Metastatic Gene Regulation PDF Author: Alicia María Cock-Rada
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659128516
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 188

Get Book

Book Description
Metastasis is the main cause of mortality due to cancer; therefore, it is crucial to improve our understanding of the regulation of genes controlling the metastatic process in order to develop more effective therapies. Metastasis formation is a multi-step process resulting from genetic and epigenetic alterations in key regulatory molecules. Epigenetic regulatory mechanisms are attractive therapeutic targets as they are potentially reversible. This work focuses on the epigenetic regulation of two metastasis genes, MMP-9 and TIMP-2, in a reversible bovine cancer model induced by Theileria parasites, which allows us to study on-off switches controlling cellular invasion. I found a novel epigenetic regulator of MMP-9, the histone-modifier SMYD3, which also revealed crucial roles in the metastatic properties of human cancer cells. I showed that TIMP-2 is mainly regulated by DNA methylation in Theileria-infected cells, even though other layers of epigenetic control are present on this promoter. This work sheds light on the understanding of epigenetic events controlling metastasis genes, which should be useful for professionals and students interested in cancer genetics.

Epigenetics for Intermediate. The Most Comprehensive Exploration of the Practical, Social and Ethical Impact of DNA on Our Society and Our World

Epigenetics for Intermediate. The Most Comprehensive Exploration of the Practical, Social and Ethical Impact of DNA on Our Society and Our World PDF Author: Frank Brown
Publisher: Youcanprint
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 170

Get Book

Book Description
You Are About To Develop An Insider Understanding Of Epigenetics, Including Their Relationship With The DNA, Environmental Factors, Human Development And Evolution; Their Role In Human Mental And Physical Health, Including Their Use In The Treating Of Different Conditions And Diseases Along With The Most Current Epigenetic Practices And Research! What started as a broad research focused on combining genetics and developmental biology during the mid-twentieth century has evolved into the field we currently refer to as epigenetics- the mechanism of gene control that can either promote or repress gene expression without altering the genetic coding of the organism. Today, we know that the environment factors and individual lifestyles can have a direct interaction with epigenetic change, which can be reflected at various stages throughout the life of an individual and even in the later generations. You've heard that a mother's exposure to pollution can affect her child's asthma susceptibility, haven't you? No? How about the argument that a child's mental fitness can be (epigenetically) influenced by his/her dad's diet? Epigenetic change, which has nothing to do with the changes to the underlying DNA sequence, does affect how cells read genes and this biological change is influenced by several factors which include environment, lifestyle and health state through a mechanisms including a popular one known as DNA methylation. But what is the relationship between the epigenetic change and physical and physiological conditions as regards to their onset and improvement? How are epigenetic modifications being used to understand our environment, society and increasing human adaptation? How exactly do epigenetic therapies work? How does DNA affect epigenetic changes? How can we exploit epigenetic mechanisms to understand life better and improve it? If you have these and other related questions, this book is for you. More precisely, you will learn: What epigenetics are and their role in developmental psychology The influence of epigenetics at the molecular level and the impact of DNA damage in epigenetic change How epigenetics are studied The functions and consequences of epigenetics, and their specific benefits in mindfulness training, healthy eating and physical activity How genes control the growth and division of cells The role of epigenetic therapy in diabetic retinopathy, emotional disorders, cardiac dysfunction, cancer and schizophrenia and many more How epigenetic modifications are used in cancer treatment, and plant and animal evolution How epigenetic mechanisms are used in processes including human adaptation, memory formation, growth and infant neuro-behavior. How epigenetic mechanisms are used in maternal care How environmental chemical exposures affect epigenetics The role of epigenetics in neurodegenerative diseases, drug formation, human development, the development of Hox genes and many more The role of environmental exposures in pathophysiology of IPF Modulation of epigenetic marks by environmental exposures How epigenetic regulation affects the immune system …And so much more! So if you've been exposed to the concept of epigenetics as a novel way of understanding disorders, inheritance and evolution and wondered what it's really all about and how it's related with environmental exposure and different therapy practices, this book is all you need! Scroll up and click Buy Now With 1-Click or Buy Now to get started!

A Systems Biology Approach to Epigenetic Gene Regulation

A Systems Biology Approach to Epigenetic Gene Regulation PDF Author: Stephen Patrick Wilson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 262

Get Book

Book Description
The ability to control when, and how much of the genetic code is being expressed is the underlying principle behind gene regulation. Control of gene production is able to influence a cell's phenotype by determining which structural components of the cell's observable traits (shape, growth, and behavior) are made. In multicellular organism's different cell types are able to arise from the same genetic code due to a difference in the patterns of genes being expressed. Essentially anywhere in the process of gene expression from transcription, RNA processing, translation, and post-translational modifications of the protein is subject to regulation. As transcription is the first step in the process of gene expression, it is the first level of regulation for influencing the cell phenotype. The actions of transcription factors, histone modifiers, and other proteins work together to influence RNA polymerase's ability to complete the process of transcription. The actions of transcription factors are able to influence transcription by controlling the ability of RNA polymerase to be recruited to the start of a protein coding region and histone modifiers can rearrange the histones of the chromatin causing entire regions of a chromosome to become exposed or sequestered. These transcriptional regulators are able to work in a combinatorial fashion with one another to either activate and/or repress wide repertoires of transcriptional targets. Mapping out a network of interactions between these transcriptional regulators in gene expression programs allows researchers to understand how each protein is able to influence the phenotype of the cell, and how mutations to any of these transcriptional regulators are able to drive the cell into a diseased state. In the case of cancer, changes in the mechanisms of gene regulation brought on by mutations to these transcriptional regulators may drive the cell's hyper proliferative state. With the creation of next generation sequencing researchers are now better able to define where regulation is taking place in the genome, and how much it is able to influence gene expression. This gives researchers the ability to build these gene regulatory networks and evaluate their impact on gene expression. The subsequent chapters of this dissertation are a reflection of my published work investigating the contribution of oncogenic processes to gene regulatory networks in cancer through the study of hyperactivating somatic mutation of a histone modifier, changes in transcription factor response element specificity, epigenetic regulation of transcription factor signaling, and a transcription factor coactivation network.

Epigenetics Book

Epigenetics Book PDF Author: Roy Carroll
Publisher: Youcanprint
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 147

Get Book

Book Description
You Are About To Develop An Insider Understanding Of Epigenetics, Including Their Relationship With The DNA, Environmental Factors, Human Development And Evolution; Their Role In Human Mental And Physical Health, Including Their Use In The Treating Of Different Conditions And Diseases Along With The Most Current Epigenetic Practices And Research! What started as a broad research focused on combining genetics and developmental biology during the mid-twentieth century has evolved into the field we currently refer to as epigenetics- the mechanism of gene control that can either promote or repress gene expression without altering the genetic coding of the organism. Today, we know that the environment factors and individual lifestyles can have a direct interaction with epigenetic change, which can be reflected at various stages throughout the life of an individual and even in the later generations. You've heard that a mother's exposure to pollution can affect her child's asthma susceptibility, haven't you? No? How about the argument that a child's mental fitness can be (epigenetically) influenced by his/her dad's diet? Epigenetic change, which has nothing to do with the changes to the underlying DNA sequence, does affect how cells read genes and this biological change is influenced by several factors which include environment, lifestyle and health state through a mechanisms including a popular one known as DNA methylation. But what is the relationship between the epigenetic change and physical and physiological conditions as regards to their onset and improvement? How are epigenetic modifications being used to understand our environment, society and increasing human adaptation? How exactly do epigenetic therapies work? How does DNA affect epigenetic changes? How can we exploit epigenetic mechanisms to understand life better and improve it? If you have these and other related questions, this book is for you. More precisely, you will learn: What epigenetics are and their role in developmental psychology The influence of epigenetics at the molecular level and the impact of DNA damage in epigenetic change How epigenetics are studied The functions and consequences of epigenetics, and their specific benefits in mindfulness training, healthy eating and physical activity How genes control the growth and division of cells The role of epigenetic therapy in diabetic retinopathy, emotional disorders, cardiac dysfunction, cancer and schizophrenia and many more How epigenetic modifications are used in cancer treatment, and plant and animal evolution How epigenetic mechanisms are used in processes including human adaptation, memory formation, growth and infant neuro-behavior. How epigenetic mechanisms are used in maternal care How environmental chemical exposures affect epigenetics The role of epigenetics in neurodegenerative diseases, drug formation, human development, the development of Hox genes and many more The role of environmental exposures in pathophysiology of IPF Modulation of epigenetic marks by environmental exposures How epigenetic regulation affects the immune system …And so much more! So if you've been exposed to the concept of epigenetics as a novel way of understanding disorders, inheritance and evolution and wondered what it's really all about and how it's related with environmental exposure and different therapy practices, this book is all you need! Scroll up and click Buy Now With 1-Click or Buy Now to get started!

Epigenetics for Beginners and Intermediate (2 Books in 1)

Epigenetics for Beginners and Intermediate (2 Books in 1) PDF Author: Frank Brown
Publisher: Youcanprint
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 330

Get Book

Book Description
You Are About To Develop A Comprehensive Understanding Of The Concept Of Epigenetics, Its Place In Modern Day Medicine, And Health Optimization And Why It Is Literally Changing How We Approach The Treatment Of Various Health Problems! Modern research has now confirmed that the behavior of your genes doesn't always depend on their DNA sequence, but also on factors referred to epigenetics, and that changes in these factors can play a critical role in disease, life structures, behavior and all aspects of life. And that's not all; research also shows that therapies based on these factors have proven effective in reversing some conditions, boosting the immune system, optimizing psychology and human adaptation. Epigenetics have thus taken the center stage in understanding human biology at a deeper level, life, and evolution. But what are epigenetics, and how to they work? How does the environment affect them, and how is this "remembered" in the body? How does epigenetic therapy work? What does it treat? Isn't it risky? What is the relationship between epigenetics and the human psychology? How can we benefit from the discovery and understanding of epigenetics? If you have these and other related questions, this 2 in 1 book is for you so keep reading. Here is a bit of what you'll learn from this 2 in 1 book: • What epigenetics are, why they're important and how they work • How epigenetics relate with our experiences • How cells divide, and how genes control the growth and division of cells • The difference between the DNA, gene and chromosomes • The existing evidence of epigenetic changes, including in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance • The ins and outs of epigenetics mechanisms • The types of epigenetic therapies available today, including their risks, benefits and research on them • The effect of epigenetic control in transcriptional regulation in pluripotency and early differentiation, DNA methylation and Demethylation, nucleosome remodeling and chromatin looping • How epigenetics work at the molecular level and the effect of DNA damage in epigenetic change • The functions of epigenetics, and how they boost mindfulness training, healthy eating and exercise • How epigenetic therapy and modifications affects diabetic retinopathy, emotional disorders, cardiac dysfunction, cancer and schizophrenia, mesothelioma and many more • How epigenetic modifications are used in understanding plant and animal evolution • How epigenetic mechanisms are used in understanding human adaptation, boosting memory formation, growth and reinforcing infant neurobehavior. • The role of epigenetic mechanisms in maternal care • The role of environmental chemicals in epigenetics • How epigenetics are involved in neurodegenerative diseases, drug formation, human development, the development of Hox genes and many more. • The role of environmental exposures in pathophysiology of IPF • Modulation of epigenetic marks by environmental exposures • How epigenetic regulation affects the immune system …And so much more! Whether you are a beginner or an intermediate in epigenetics, you will find this book educative, as you learn the A-Z of factors that are quickly changing our understanding of the structure of life. Don't wait…. Scroll up and click Buy Now with 1-Click or Buy Now to get started!

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation PDF Author: Vincenzo E. A. Russo
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 692

View

Book Description
Many inheritable changes in gene function are not explained by changes in the DNA sequence. Such epigenetic mechanisms are known to influence gene function in most complex organisms and include effects such as transposon function, chromosome imprinting, yeast mating type switching and telomeric silencing. In recent years, epigenetic effects have become a major focus of research activity. This monograph, edited by three well-known biologists from different specialties, is the first to review and synthesize what is known about these effects across all species, particularly from a molecular perspective, and will be of interest to everyone in the fields of molecular biology and genetics.

Mechanisms of Gene Regulation

Mechanisms of Gene Regulation PDF Author: Carsten Carlberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400779054
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 210

View

Book Description
This textbook aims to describe the fascinating area of eukaryotic gene regulation for graduate students in all areas of the biomedical sciences. Gene expression is essential in shaping the various phenotypes of cells and tissues and as such, regulation of expression is a fundamental aspect of nearly all processes in physiology, both in healthy and in diseased states. This pivotal role for the regulation of gene expression makes this textbook essential reading from students of all the biomedical sciences in order to be better prepared for their specialized disciplines. A complete understanding of transcription factors and the processes that alter their activity is a major goal of modern life science research. The availability of the whole human genome sequence (and that of other eukaryotic genomes) and the consequent development of next-generation sequencing technologies have significantly changed nearly all areas of the biological sciences. For example, the genome-wide location of histone modifications and transcription factor binding sites, such as provided by the ENCODE consortium, has greatly improved our understanding of gene regulation. Therefore, the focus of this book is the description of the post-genome understanding of gene regulation. The purpose of this book is to provide, in a condensed form, an overview on the present understanding of the mechanisms of gene regulation. The authors are not aiming to compete with comprehensive treatises, but rather focus on the essentials. Therefore, the authors have favored a high figure-to-text ratio following the rule which states that “a picture tells more than thousand words”. The content of the book is based on the lecture course, which is given by Prof. Carlberg since 2001 at the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio. The book is subdivided into 4 sections and 13 chapters. Following the Introduction there are three sections, which take a view on gene regulation from the perspective of transcription factors, chromatin and non-coding RNA, respectively. Besides its value as a textbook, Mechanisms of Gene Regulation will be a useful reference for individuals working in biomedical laboratories.

Recent Advances of Epigenetics in Crop Biotechnology

Recent Advances of Epigenetics in Crop Biotechnology PDF Author: Clelia De-la-Peña
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889198545
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Epigenetics is a new field that explains gene expression at the chromatin structure and organization level. Three principal epigenetic mechanisms are known and hundreds of combinations among them can develop different phenotypic characteristics. DNA methylation, histone modifications and small RNAs have been identified, and their functions are being studied in order to understand the mechanisms of interaction and regulation among the different biological processes in plants. Although, fundamental epigenetic mechanisms in crop plants are beginning to be elucidated, the comprehension of the different epigenetic mechanisms, by which plant gene regulation and phenotype are modified, is a major topic to develop in the near future in order to increase crop productivity. Thus, the importance of epigenetics in improving crop productivity is undoubtedly growing. Current research on epigenetics suggest that DNA methylation, histone modifications and small RNAs are involved in almost every aspect of plant life including agronomically important traits such as flowering time, fruit development, responses to environmental factors, defense response and plant growth. The aim of this Research Topic is to explore the recent advances concerning the role of epigenetics in crop biotechnology, as well as to enhance and promote interactions among high quality researchers from different disciplines such as genetics, cell biology, pathology, microbiology, and evolutionary biology in order to join forces and decipher the epigenetic mechanisms in crop productivity.

Chromatin and Gene Regulation

Chromatin and Gene Regulation PDF Author: Bryan M. Turner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470751673
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288

View

Book Description
Written in an informal and accessible style, Chromatin and Gene Regulation enables the reader to understand the science of this rapidly moving field. Chromatin is a fundamental component in the network of controls that regulates gene expression. Many human diseases have been linked to disruption of these control processes by genetic or environmental factors, and unravelling the mechanisms by which they operate is one of the most exciting and rapidly developing areas of modern biology. Chromatin is central both to the rapid changes in gene transcription by which cells respond to changes in their environment and also to the maintenance of gene expression patterns from one cell generation to the next. This book will be an invaluable guide to undergraduate and postgraduate students in the biological sciences and all those with an interest in the medical implications of aberrant gene expression.

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Epigenetics

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Epigenetics PDF Author: Peter Meyer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 140517305X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

View

Book Description
With the discovery of RNAi pathways and the histone code, epigenetics has become a popular and fast evolving research topic. Plant science has made a number of elementary contributions to this field, and the common elements of epigenetic systems have linked research groups interested in plant, fungal and animal systems. This volume provides a comprehensive overview epigenetic mechanisms and biological processes in plants, illustrating the wider relevance of this research to work in other plant science areas and on non-plant systems. It discusses recent advances in our knowledge of basic mechanisms and molecular components that control transcriptional and post-transcriptional silencing, an understanding of which is essential for plant researchers who use transgenic lines for stable expression of a recombinant construct or for targeted inactivation of an endogenous gene. These aspects should be of special interest to the agricultural industry. The volume illustrates the relevance of epigenetic control systems to gene regulation and plant development, examining paramutation, genomic imprinting and microRNA-based gene regulation mechanisms. Finally, it demonstrates the significance of epigenetic systems to viral defence and genome organisation. The volume is directed at researchers and professionals in plant molecular genetics, plant biochemistry and plant developmental biology.

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Metastatic Gene Regulation

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Metastatic Gene Regulation PDF Author: Alicia María Cock-Rada
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659128516
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 188

View

Book Description
Metastasis is the main cause of mortality due to cancer; therefore, it is crucial to improve our understanding of the regulation of genes controlling the metastatic process in order to develop more effective therapies. Metastasis formation is a multi-step process resulting from genetic and epigenetic alterations in key regulatory molecules. Epigenetic regulatory mechanisms are attractive therapeutic targets as they are potentially reversible. This work focuses on the epigenetic regulation of two metastasis genes, MMP-9 and TIMP-2, in a reversible bovine cancer model induced by Theileria parasites, which allows us to study on-off switches controlling cellular invasion. I found a novel epigenetic regulator of MMP-9, the histone-modifier SMYD3, which also revealed crucial roles in the metastatic properties of human cancer cells. I showed that TIMP-2 is mainly regulated by DNA methylation in Theileria-infected cells, even though other layers of epigenetic control are present on this promoter. This work sheds light on the understanding of epigenetic events controlling metastasis genes, which should be useful for professionals and students interested in cancer genetics.

Epigenetics for Intermediate. The Most Comprehensive Exploration of the Practical, Social and Ethical Impact of DNA on Our Society and Our World

Epigenetics for Intermediate. The Most Comprehensive Exploration of the Practical, Social and Ethical Impact of DNA on Our Society and Our World PDF Author: Frank Brown
Publisher: Youcanprint
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 170

View

Book Description
You Are About To Develop An Insider Understanding Of Epigenetics, Including Their Relationship With The DNA, Environmental Factors, Human Development And Evolution; Their Role In Human Mental And Physical Health, Including Their Use In The Treating Of Different Conditions And Diseases Along With The Most Current Epigenetic Practices And Research! What started as a broad research focused on combining genetics and developmental biology during the mid-twentieth century has evolved into the field we currently refer to as epigenetics- the mechanism of gene control that can either promote or repress gene expression without altering the genetic coding of the organism. Today, we know that the environment factors and individual lifestyles can have a direct interaction with epigenetic change, which can be reflected at various stages throughout the life of an individual and even in the later generations. You've heard that a mother's exposure to pollution can affect her child's asthma susceptibility, haven't you? No? How about the argument that a child's mental fitness can be (epigenetically) influenced by his/her dad's diet? Epigenetic change, which has nothing to do with the changes to the underlying DNA sequence, does affect how cells read genes and this biological change is influenced by several factors which include environment, lifestyle and health state through a mechanisms including a popular one known as DNA methylation. But what is the relationship between the epigenetic change and physical and physiological conditions as regards to their onset and improvement? How are epigenetic modifications being used to understand our environment, society and increasing human adaptation? How exactly do epigenetic therapies work? How does DNA affect epigenetic changes? How can we exploit epigenetic mechanisms to understand life better and improve it? If you have these and other related questions, this book is for you. More precisely, you will learn: What epigenetics are and their role in developmental psychology The influence of epigenetics at the molecular level and the impact of DNA damage in epigenetic change How epigenetics are studied The functions and consequences of epigenetics, and their specific benefits in mindfulness training, healthy eating and physical activity How genes control the growth and division of cells The role of epigenetic therapy in diabetic retinopathy, emotional disorders, cardiac dysfunction, cancer and schizophrenia and many more How epigenetic modifications are used in cancer treatment, and plant and animal evolution How epigenetic mechanisms are used in processes including human adaptation, memory formation, growth and infant neuro-behavior. How epigenetic mechanisms are used in maternal care How environmental chemical exposures affect epigenetics The role of epigenetics in neurodegenerative diseases, drug formation, human development, the development of Hox genes and many more The role of environmental exposures in pathophysiology of IPF Modulation of epigenetic marks by environmental exposures How epigenetic regulation affects the immune system …And so much more! So if you've been exposed to the concept of epigenetics as a novel way of understanding disorders, inheritance and evolution and wondered what it's really all about and how it's related with environmental exposure and different therapy practices, this book is all you need! Scroll up and click Buy Now With 1-Click or Buy Now to get started!

A Systems Biology Approach to Epigenetic Gene Regulation

A Systems Biology Approach to Epigenetic Gene Regulation PDF Author: Stephen Patrick Wilson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 262

View

Book Description
The ability to control when, and how much of the genetic code is being expressed is the underlying principle behind gene regulation. Control of gene production is able to influence a cell's phenotype by determining which structural components of the cell's observable traits (shape, growth, and behavior) are made. In multicellular organism's different cell types are able to arise from the same genetic code due to a difference in the patterns of genes being expressed. Essentially anywhere in the process of gene expression from transcription, RNA processing, translation, and post-translational modifications of the protein is subject to regulation. As transcription is the first step in the process of gene expression, it is the first level of regulation for influencing the cell phenotype. The actions of transcription factors, histone modifiers, and other proteins work together to influence RNA polymerase's ability to complete the process of transcription. The actions of transcription factors are able to influence transcription by controlling the ability of RNA polymerase to be recruited to the start of a protein coding region and histone modifiers can rearrange the histones of the chromatin causing entire regions of a chromosome to become exposed or sequestered. These transcriptional regulators are able to work in a combinatorial fashion with one another to either activate and/or repress wide repertoires of transcriptional targets. Mapping out a network of interactions between these transcriptional regulators in gene expression programs allows researchers to understand how each protein is able to influence the phenotype of the cell, and how mutations to any of these transcriptional regulators are able to drive the cell into a diseased state. In the case of cancer, changes in the mechanisms of gene regulation brought on by mutations to these transcriptional regulators may drive the cell's hyper proliferative state. With the creation of next generation sequencing researchers are now better able to define where regulation is taking place in the genome, and how much it is able to influence gene expression. This gives researchers the ability to build these gene regulatory networks and evaluate their impact on gene expression. The subsequent chapters of this dissertation are a reflection of my published work investigating the contribution of oncogenic processes to gene regulatory networks in cancer through the study of hyperactivating somatic mutation of a histone modifier, changes in transcription factor response element specificity, epigenetic regulation of transcription factor signaling, and a transcription factor coactivation network.

Epigenetics Book

Epigenetics Book PDF Author: Roy Carroll
Publisher: Youcanprint
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 147

View

Book Description
You Are About To Develop An Insider Understanding Of Epigenetics, Including Their Relationship With The DNA, Environmental Factors, Human Development And Evolution; Their Role In Human Mental And Physical Health, Including Their Use In The Treating Of Different Conditions And Diseases Along With The Most Current Epigenetic Practices And Research! What started as a broad research focused on combining genetics and developmental biology during the mid-twentieth century has evolved into the field we currently refer to as epigenetics- the mechanism of gene control that can either promote or repress gene expression without altering the genetic coding of the organism. Today, we know that the environment factors and individual lifestyles can have a direct interaction with epigenetic change, which can be reflected at various stages throughout the life of an individual and even in the later generations. You've heard that a mother's exposure to pollution can affect her child's asthma susceptibility, haven't you? No? How about the argument that a child's mental fitness can be (epigenetically) influenced by his/her dad's diet? Epigenetic change, which has nothing to do with the changes to the underlying DNA sequence, does affect how cells read genes and this biological change is influenced by several factors which include environment, lifestyle and health state through a mechanisms including a popular one known as DNA methylation. But what is the relationship between the epigenetic change and physical and physiological conditions as regards to their onset and improvement? How are epigenetic modifications being used to understand our environment, society and increasing human adaptation? How exactly do epigenetic therapies work? How does DNA affect epigenetic changes? How can we exploit epigenetic mechanisms to understand life better and improve it? If you have these and other related questions, this book is for you. More precisely, you will learn: What epigenetics are and their role in developmental psychology The influence of epigenetics at the molecular level and the impact of DNA damage in epigenetic change How epigenetics are studied The functions and consequences of epigenetics, and their specific benefits in mindfulness training, healthy eating and physical activity How genes control the growth and division of cells The role of epigenetic therapy in diabetic retinopathy, emotional disorders, cardiac dysfunction, cancer and schizophrenia and many more How epigenetic modifications are used in cancer treatment, and plant and animal evolution How epigenetic mechanisms are used in processes including human adaptation, memory formation, growth and infant neuro-behavior. How epigenetic mechanisms are used in maternal care How environmental chemical exposures affect epigenetics The role of epigenetics in neurodegenerative diseases, drug formation, human development, the development of Hox genes and many more The role of environmental exposures in pathophysiology of IPF Modulation of epigenetic marks by environmental exposures How epigenetic regulation affects the immune system …And so much more! So if you've been exposed to the concept of epigenetics as a novel way of understanding disorders, inheritance and evolution and wondered what it's really all about and how it's related with environmental exposure and different therapy practices, this book is all you need! Scroll up and click Buy Now With 1-Click or Buy Now to get started!

Epigenetics for Beginners and Intermediate (2 Books in 1)

Epigenetics for Beginners and Intermediate (2 Books in 1) PDF Author: Frank Brown
Publisher: Youcanprint
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 330

View

Book Description
You Are About To Develop A Comprehensive Understanding Of The Concept Of Epigenetics, Its Place In Modern Day Medicine, And Health Optimization And Why It Is Literally Changing How We Approach The Treatment Of Various Health Problems! Modern research has now confirmed that the behavior of your genes doesn't always depend on their DNA sequence, but also on factors referred to epigenetics, and that changes in these factors can play a critical role in disease, life structures, behavior and all aspects of life. And that's not all; research also shows that therapies based on these factors have proven effective in reversing some conditions, boosting the immune system, optimizing psychology and human adaptation. Epigenetics have thus taken the center stage in understanding human biology at a deeper level, life, and evolution. But what are epigenetics, and how to they work? How does the environment affect them, and how is this "remembered" in the body? How does epigenetic therapy work? What does it treat? Isn't it risky? What is the relationship between epigenetics and the human psychology? How can we benefit from the discovery and understanding of epigenetics? If you have these and other related questions, this 2 in 1 book is for you so keep reading. Here is a bit of what you'll learn from this 2 in 1 book: • What epigenetics are, why they're important and how they work • How epigenetics relate with our experiences • How cells divide, and how genes control the growth and division of cells • The difference between the DNA, gene and chromosomes • The existing evidence of epigenetic changes, including in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance • The ins and outs of epigenetics mechanisms • The types of epigenetic therapies available today, including their risks, benefits and research on them • The effect of epigenetic control in transcriptional regulation in pluripotency and early differentiation, DNA methylation and Demethylation, nucleosome remodeling and chromatin looping • How epigenetics work at the molecular level and the effect of DNA damage in epigenetic change • The functions of epigenetics, and how they boost mindfulness training, healthy eating and exercise • How epigenetic therapy and modifications affects diabetic retinopathy, emotional disorders, cardiac dysfunction, cancer and schizophrenia, mesothelioma and many more • How epigenetic modifications are used in understanding plant and animal evolution • How epigenetic mechanisms are used in understanding human adaptation, boosting memory formation, growth and reinforcing infant neurobehavior. • The role of epigenetic mechanisms in maternal care • The role of environmental chemicals in epigenetics • How epigenetics are involved in neurodegenerative diseases, drug formation, human development, the development of Hox genes and many more. • The role of environmental exposures in pathophysiology of IPF • Modulation of epigenetic marks by environmental exposures • How epigenetic regulation affects the immune system …And so much more! Whether you are a beginner or an intermediate in epigenetics, you will find this book educative, as you learn the A-Z of factors that are quickly changing our understanding of the structure of life. Don't wait…. Scroll up and click Buy Now with 1-Click or Buy Now to get started!