Experiments on Cosmic Dust Analogues

Experiments on Cosmic Dust Analogues PDF Author: E. Bussoletti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940093033X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
Astrophysical analysis relating to solid matter requires data on properties and processes. Such data, however, expecially appropriate to space conditions are mostly lacking. It appeared then very tempting to gather together experimentalists, ob servers and theoreticians working in the field of cosmic dust and in related areas. The Workshop held in Capri (Italy) from September 8th till 12th 1987 gave the participants a unique opportunity for exchange of ideas and discussions of problems and experimental procedures. Introductory reports were prepared with the aim of giving the state of the art about single subjects; contributed poster papers presented, on the contrary, very recent results in the various fields. According to his specific interest each attendant has also contributed to three Working Groups respectively on a) carbon, b) silicates, c) ice and related topics. Scientifical and technical problems about these items were discussed in great detail. Though no definite answers were given, useful indications come out which will be of some help for future works. In addition to the scientific efforts, the Capodimonte Observatory and the Istituto Universitario Navale sought to give a warm welcome to the participants. Thanks to several sponsors, the LOC could organize some excursions and shows to entertain people during their spare time.

The Cosmic Dust Connection

The Cosmic Dust Connection PDF Author: J. Mayo Greenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401156522
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 545

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Book Description
Solid particles are followed from their creation through their evolution in the Galaxy to their participation in the formation of solar systems like our own, these being now clearly deduced from observations by the Hubble Space Telescope as well as by IR and visual observations of protostellar disks, like that of the famous Beta Pictoris object. The most recent observational, laboratory and theoretical methods are examined in detail. In our own solar system, studies of meteorites, comets and comet dust reveal many features that follow directly from the interstellar dust from which they formed. The properties of interstellar dust provide possible keys to its origin in comets and asteroids and its ultimate origin in the early solar system. But this is a continuing story: what happens to the solid particles in space after they emerge from stellar sources has important scientific consequences since it ultimately bears on our own origins - the origins of solar systems and, especially, of our own earth and life in the universe.

Interstellar Dust

Interstellar Dust PDF Author: L.J. Allamandola
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400924623
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 526

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Book Description
IAU Symposium 135 on Interstellar Dust was hosted and co-sponsored by NASA's Ames Research Center from July 26-30, 1988. The symposium was held at the lovely campus of Santa Clara University situated around the historic Santa Clara Mission in California. The meeting was made possible by generous grants from the Astron omy and Relativity Branch of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Galactic Astronomy Program of the National Science Foundation. The International Astronomical Union provided travel grants to a few participants from countries with limited travel funds. We are particularly grateful for the support and services rendered by the dedicated staff at NASA's Ames Research Center and to the" SET! Institute for professionally and expeditiously administering the U.S. grants. This symposium brought together 199 scientists representing 19 different coun tries. The wide range of interest and expertise of the participants - all in some way related to interstellar dust - is reflected in the great variety of topics that were discussed during the symposium ranging from UV, visible and IR observations of interstellar extinction to quantum-statistical calculations of the IR emission from highly vibrationally excited molecules. During the course of the meeting, 41 invited review papers and 140 contributed papers were presented. This book is a collection of the invited review papers. The contributed papers have been published in a companion volume, NASA CP-3036, available from National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161, USA.

Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Physics
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


Formation and Evolution of Solids in Space

Formation and Evolution of Solids in Space PDF Author: J. Mayo Greenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401148066
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 598

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Book Description
Interstellar dust, meteorites, interplanetary dust particles (IDP's), the zodiacal light, comets, comet dust. Where do they come from, what are they made of, how do they evolve, and finally, are there connections between them? These are the questions discussed in this volume by some of the world's outstanding experts in their respective fields. The techniques used for studying the `small' solid objects of space are thoroughly discussed. Some of the methods involve a synthetic approach using the laboratory to create analog environments and materials which are believed to resemble those in space. Others use direct laboratory methods with state-of-the-art analytical tools to study the material of the objects themselves - meteorites, IDP'S. And others apply the latest in astronomical facilities to provide quantitative data on the material properties of the solids which can only be deduced from remote observations, These are compared with the laboratory results. In one instance there was a possibility to study a solar system body in situ and that was the case of comet Halley and some of the results of these studies obtained from space `laboratories' launched to meet it are discussed here. Finally, there are theoretical papers which are aimed at bridging the results of observational and laboratory methods. This book is recommended to senior scientists as well as graduate students who wish to pursue research in interstellar and solar system astronomy and their connections.

The Chemistry of Cosmic Dust

The Chemistry of Cosmic Dust PDF Author: David A Williams
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782623698
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
It has been firmly established over the last quarter century that cosmic dust plays important roles in astrochemistry. The consequences of these roles affect the formation of planets, stars and even galaxies. Cosmic dust has been a controversial topic but there is now a considerable measure of agreement as to its nature and roles in astronomy, and its initiation of astrobiology. The subject has stimulated an enormous research effort, with researchers in many countries now involved in laboratory research and in ab initio computations. This is the first book devoted to a study of the chemistry of cosmic dust, presenting current thinking on the subject distilled from many publications in surface and solid-state science, and in astronomy. The authors discuss the nature of dust, its formation and evolution, the chemistry it can promote on its surfaces, and the consequences of these functions. The purpose of this book is to review current understanding and to indicate where future work is required. Mainly intended for researchers in the field of astrochemistry, the book could also be used as the basis of a course for postgraduate students who have an interest in astrochemistry.

Applied Laser Spectroscopy

Applied Laser Spectroscopy PDF Author: Wolfgang Demtröder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468413422
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512

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Book Description
This volume contains the lectures and seminars presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Applied Laser Spectroscopy" the fourteenth course of the Europhysics School of Quantum Electronics, held under the supervision of the Quantum Electronics Division of the European Physical Society. The Institute was held at Centro "I Cappuccini", San Miniato, Tuscany, Italy, September 3-15,1989. The Europhysics School of Quantum Electronics was started in 1970 with the aim of providing instruction for young researchers and advanced students already engaged in the area of quantum electronics or wishing to switch to this area from a different background. Presently the school is under the direction of Professors F.T. Arecchi and M Inguscio, University of Florence and Prof. H. Walther University of Munich and has the headquarters at the National Institute of Optics (INO), Firenze, Italy. Each time the directors choose a subject of particular interest, alternating fundamental topics with technological ones, and ask colleagues specifically competent in a given area to take the scientific responsibility for that course.

Laboratory Astrophysics and Space Research

Laboratory Astrophysics and Space Research PDF Author: P. Ehrenfreund
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401147280
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 687

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Book Description
The book presents the most recent developments of laboratory studies in astrophysics and space research. The individual chapters review laboratory investigations under simulated space conditions, studies for the design of successful space experiments or for supporting the interpretation of astronomical and space mission recorded data. Related theoretical models, numerical simulations and in situ observations demonstrate the necessity of experimental work on the Earth's surface. The expertise of the contributing scientists covers a broad spectrum and is included in general overviews from fundamental science to recent space technology. The book intends to serve as a reference for researchers and graduate students on the most recent activities and results in laboratory astrophysics, and to give reviews of their applications in astronomy, planetology, cosmochemistry, space research and Solar System exploration.

Experiments on Cosmic Dust Analogues

Experiments on Cosmic Dust Analogues PDF Author: E. Bussoletti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940093033X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384

View

Book Description
Astrophysical analysis relating to solid matter requires data on properties and processes. Such data, however, expecially appropriate to space conditions are mostly lacking. It appeared then very tempting to gather together experimentalists, ob servers and theoreticians working in the field of cosmic dust and in related areas. The Workshop held in Capri (Italy) from September 8th till 12th 1987 gave the participants a unique opportunity for exchange of ideas and discussions of problems and experimental procedures. Introductory reports were prepared with the aim of giving the state of the art about single subjects; contributed poster papers presented, on the contrary, very recent results in the various fields. According to his specific interest each attendant has also contributed to three Working Groups respectively on a) carbon, b) silicates, c) ice and related topics. Scientifical and technical problems about these items were discussed in great detail. Though no definite answers were given, useful indications come out which will be of some help for future works. In addition to the scientific efforts, the Capodimonte Observatory and the Istituto Universitario Navale sought to give a warm welcome to the participants. Thanks to several sponsors, the LOC could organize some excursions and shows to entertain people during their spare time.

Laboratory Analogues to Cosmic Dust

Laboratory Analogues to Cosmic Dust PDF Author: John Robert Stephens
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Cosmic dust
Languages : en
Pages : 602

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Book Description


The Cosmic Dust Connection

The Cosmic Dust Connection PDF Author: J. Mayo Greenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401156522
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 545

View

Book Description
Solid particles are followed from their creation through their evolution in the Galaxy to their participation in the formation of solar systems like our own, these being now clearly deduced from observations by the Hubble Space Telescope as well as by IR and visual observations of protostellar disks, like that of the famous Beta Pictoris object. The most recent observational, laboratory and theoretical methods are examined in detail. In our own solar system, studies of meteorites, comets and comet dust reveal many features that follow directly from the interstellar dust from which they formed. The properties of interstellar dust provide possible keys to its origin in comets and asteroids and its ultimate origin in the early solar system. But this is a continuing story: what happens to the solid particles in space after they emerge from stellar sources has important scientific consequences since it ultimately bears on our own origins - the origins of solar systems and, especially, of our own earth and life in the universe.

Interstellar Dust

Interstellar Dust PDF Author: L.J. Allamandola
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400924623
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 526

View

Book Description
IAU Symposium 135 on Interstellar Dust was hosted and co-sponsored by NASA's Ames Research Center from July 26-30, 1988. The symposium was held at the lovely campus of Santa Clara University situated around the historic Santa Clara Mission in California. The meeting was made possible by generous grants from the Astron omy and Relativity Branch of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Galactic Astronomy Program of the National Science Foundation. The International Astronomical Union provided travel grants to a few participants from countries with limited travel funds. We are particularly grateful for the support and services rendered by the dedicated staff at NASA's Ames Research Center and to the" SET! Institute for professionally and expeditiously administering the U.S. grants. This symposium brought together 199 scientists representing 19 different coun tries. The wide range of interest and expertise of the participants - all in some way related to interstellar dust - is reflected in the great variety of topics that were discussed during the symposium ranging from UV, visible and IR observations of interstellar extinction to quantum-statistical calculations of the IR emission from highly vibrationally excited molecules. During the course of the meeting, 41 invited review papers and 140 contributed papers were presented. This book is a collection of the invited review papers. The contributed papers have been published in a companion volume, NASA CP-3036, available from National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161, USA.

Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Physics
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description


Formation and Evolution of Solids in Space

Formation and Evolution of Solids in Space PDF Author: J. Mayo Greenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401148066
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 598

View

Book Description
Interstellar dust, meteorites, interplanetary dust particles (IDP's), the zodiacal light, comets, comet dust. Where do they come from, what are they made of, how do they evolve, and finally, are there connections between them? These are the questions discussed in this volume by some of the world's outstanding experts in their respective fields. The techniques used for studying the `small' solid objects of space are thoroughly discussed. Some of the methods involve a synthetic approach using the laboratory to create analog environments and materials which are believed to resemble those in space. Others use direct laboratory methods with state-of-the-art analytical tools to study the material of the objects themselves - meteorites, IDP'S. And others apply the latest in astronomical facilities to provide quantitative data on the material properties of the solids which can only be deduced from remote observations, These are compared with the laboratory results. In one instance there was a possibility to study a solar system body in situ and that was the case of comet Halley and some of the results of these studies obtained from space `laboratories' launched to meet it are discussed here. Finally, there are theoretical papers which are aimed at bridging the results of observational and laboratory methods. This book is recommended to senior scientists as well as graduate students who wish to pursue research in interstellar and solar system astronomy and their connections.

The Chemistry of Cosmic Dust

The Chemistry of Cosmic Dust PDF Author: David A Williams
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782623698
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

View

Book Description
It has been firmly established over the last quarter century that cosmic dust plays important roles in astrochemistry. The consequences of these roles affect the formation of planets, stars and even galaxies. Cosmic dust has been a controversial topic but there is now a considerable measure of agreement as to its nature and roles in astronomy, and its initiation of astrobiology. The subject has stimulated an enormous research effort, with researchers in many countries now involved in laboratory research and in ab initio computations. This is the first book devoted to a study of the chemistry of cosmic dust, presenting current thinking on the subject distilled from many publications in surface and solid-state science, and in astronomy. The authors discuss the nature of dust, its formation and evolution, the chemistry it can promote on its surfaces, and the consequences of these functions. The purpose of this book is to review current understanding and to indicate where future work is required. Mainly intended for researchers in the field of astrochemistry, the book could also be used as the basis of a course for postgraduate students who have an interest in astrochemistry.

Analysis of Returned Comet Nucleus Samples

Analysis of Returned Comet Nucleus Samples PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Comets
Languages : en
Pages : 514

View

Book Description


Applied Laser Spectroscopy

Applied Laser Spectroscopy PDF Author: Wolfgang Demtröder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468413422
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512

View

Book Description
This volume contains the lectures and seminars presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Applied Laser Spectroscopy" the fourteenth course of the Europhysics School of Quantum Electronics, held under the supervision of the Quantum Electronics Division of the European Physical Society. The Institute was held at Centro "I Cappuccini", San Miniato, Tuscany, Italy, September 3-15,1989. The Europhysics School of Quantum Electronics was started in 1970 with the aim of providing instruction for young researchers and advanced students already engaged in the area of quantum electronics or wishing to switch to this area from a different background. Presently the school is under the direction of Professors F.T. Arecchi and M Inguscio, University of Florence and Prof. H. Walther University of Munich and has the headquarters at the National Institute of Optics (INO), Firenze, Italy. Each time the directors choose a subject of particular interest, alternating fundamental topics with technological ones, and ask colleagues specifically competent in a given area to take the scientific responsibility for that course.

Laboratory Astrophysics and Space Research

Laboratory Astrophysics and Space Research PDF Author: P. Ehrenfreund
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401147280
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 687

View

Book Description
The book presents the most recent developments of laboratory studies in astrophysics and space research. The individual chapters review laboratory investigations under simulated space conditions, studies for the design of successful space experiments or for supporting the interpretation of astronomical and space mission recorded data. Related theoretical models, numerical simulations and in situ observations demonstrate the necessity of experimental work on the Earth's surface. The expertise of the contributing scientists covers a broad spectrum and is included in general overviews from fundamental science to recent space technology. The book intends to serve as a reference for researchers and graduate students on the most recent activities and results in laboratory astrophysics, and to give reviews of their applications in astronomy, planetology, cosmochemistry, space research and Solar System exploration.