Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions

Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions PDF Author: Marc J. Assael
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439826768
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 349

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Book Description
Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries PDF Author: Faisal Irshad Khan
Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
ISBN: 9788171414222
Category : Chemical industry
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
Contents: Introduction, Qualitative Methods of Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-I: Consequence Analysis, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-II: Rapid Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-III: Probabilistic Hazard Assessment, Studies on Chain, of Accidents (Domino Effects), Methods of Hazard Identification, Screening and Ranking, Application of Risk Analysis in Process Design.

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities PDF Author: Dennis P. Nolan
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0128160039
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 522

Get Book

Book Description
Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for the Oil, Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities, Fourth Edition, discusses high-level risk analysis and advanced technical considerations, such as process control, emergency shut-downs, and evaluation procedures. As more engineers and managers are adopting risk-based approaches to minimize risk, maximize profits, and keep operations running smoothly, this reference encompasses all the critical equipment and standards necessary for the process industries, including oil and gas. Updated with new information covering fire and explosion resistant systems, drainage systems, and human factors, this book delivers the equipment standards needed to protect today’s petrochemical assets and facilities. Provides tactics on how to revise and upgrade company policies to support safer designs and equipment Helps readers understand the latest in fire suppression and explosion risks for a process plant in a single source Updates on how to evaluate concerns, thus helping engineers and managers process operating requests and estimate practical cost benefit factors

Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention

Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention PDF Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323915167
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 530

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Book Description
Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention, Volume Five in the Methods in Chemical Process Safety series, focuses on the process of learning from experience, including elements of process safety management, human factors in the chemical process industries, and the regulation of chemical process safety, including current approaches. Users will find this book to be an informative tool and user manual for process safety for a variety of professionals. This new release focuses on Domino effect – Case histories and accident statistics, the state-of-the-art in domino effect modeling, Fire Driven Domino Effect, Mitigation of Domino Effect, and much more. Acquaints readers/researchers with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions from a practical point-of-view Gives readers the views/opinions of experts on each topic

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles PDF Author: Dennis P. Nolan
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 032331144X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 496

Get Book

Book Description
Written by an engineer for engineers, this book is both training manual and on-going reference, bringing together all the different facets of the complex processes that must be in place to minimize the risk to people, plant and the environment from fires, explosions, vapour releases and oil spills. Fully compliant with international regulatory requirements, relatively compact but comprehensive in its coverage, engineers, safety professionals and concerned company management will buy this book to capitalize on the author’s life-long expertise. This is the only book focusing specifically on oil and gas and related chemical facilities. This new edition includes updates on management practices, lessons learned from recent incidents, and new material on chemical processes, hazards and risk reviews (e.g. CHAZOP). Latest technology on fireproofing, fire and gas detection systems and applications is also covered. An introductory chapter on the philosophy of protection principles along with fundamental background material on the properties of the chemicals concerned and their behaviours under industrial conditions, combined with a detailed section on modern risk analysis techniques makes this book essential reading for students and professionals following Industrial Safety, Chemical Process Safety and Fire Protection Engineering courses. A practical, results-oriented manual for practicing engineers, bringing protection principles and chemistry together with modern risk analysis techniques Specific focus on oil and gas and related chemical facilities, making it comprehensive and compact Includes the latest best practice guidance, as well as lessons learned from recent incidents

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects PDF Author: Chao Chen
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030889114
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 184

Get Book

Book Description
This book provides insight into domino effects in industrial chemical sites and process industries. It is about the integration of safety and security resources to prevent and mitigate domino effects in the process industries. It explains how chemical industrial areas, comprised of various hazardous installations, are susceptible to a chain of undesired events, or domino effects, triggered by accidental events or intentional attacks and then presents solutions to prevent them. Firstly, the book provides a dynamic graph approach to model the domino effects induced by accidental fire or intentional fire, considering the spatial-temporal evolution of fires. Then, a dynamic risk assessment method based on a discrete dynamic event tree is proposed to assess the likelihood of VCEs and the vulnerability of installations, addressing the time dependencies in vapor cloud dispersion and the uncertainty of delayed ignitions. A dynamic methodology based on dynamic graphs and Monte Carlo is provided to assess the vulnerability of individuals and installations exposed to multi-hazards, such as fire, explosion and toxic release during escalation events. Based on these domino effect models, an economic approach is developed to integrate safe and security resources, obtaining the most cost–benefit protection strategy for preventing domino effects. Finally, a resilience-based approach is provided to find out the most cost-resilient way to protect chemical industrial areas, addressing possible domino effects. This integrated approach will be of interest to researchers, industrial engineers, chemical engineers and safety managers and will help professionals to new solutions in the area of safety and security.

Crowd Dynamics, Volume 1

Crowd Dynamics, Volume 1 PDF Author: Livio Gibelli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030051293
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 292

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Book Description
This volume explores the complex problems that arise in the modeling and simulation of crowd dynamics in order to present the state-of-the-art of this emerging field and contribute to future research activities. Experts in various areas apply their unique perspectives to specific aspects of crowd dynamics, covering the topic from multiple angles. These include a demonstration of how virtual reality may solve dilemmas in collecting empirical data; a detailed study on pedestrian movement in smoke-filled environments; a presentation of one-dimensional conservation laws with point constraints on the flux; a collection of new ideas on the modeling of crowd dynamics at the microscopic scale; and others. Applied mathematicians interested in crowd dynamics, pedestrian movement, traffic flow modeling, urban planning, and other topics will find this volume a valuable resource. Additionally, researchers in social psychology, architecture, and engineering may find this information relevant to their work.

Advances in Industrial Safety

Advances in Industrial Safety PDF Author: Faisal I. Khan
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811568529
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 332

Get Book

Book Description
This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Health, Safety, Fire, Environment, and Allied Sciences. It highlights latest developments in the field of science and technology aimed at improving health and safety in the workplace. The volume comprises content from leading scientists, engineers, and policy makers discussing issues relating to industrial safety, fire hazards and their management in industry, forests and other settings. Also dealt with are issues of occupational health in engineering, process and agricultural industry and protection against incidents of arson and terror attacks. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers alike.

Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents

Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents PDF Author: Luca Fiorentini
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1118962818
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 520

Get Book

Book Description
An introductory text on the investigation of industrial accidents Forensic engineering should be seen as a rigorous approach to the discovery of root causes that lead to an accident or near-miss. The approach should be suitable to identify both the immediate causes as well as the underlying factors that affected, amplified, or modified the events in terms of consequences, evolution, dynamics, etc., as well as the contribution of an eventual "human error". This book is a concise and introductory volume to the forensic engineering discipline which helps the reader to recognize the link among those important, very specialized aspects of the same problem in the global strategy of learning from accidents (or near-misses). The reader will benefit from a single point of access to this very large, technical literature that can be only correctly understood with the right terms, definitions, and links in mind. Keywords: Presents simple (real) cases, as well as giving an overview of more complex ones, each of them investigated within the same framework; Gives the readers the bibliography to access more in-depth specific aspects; Offers an overview of the most commonly used methodologies and techniques to investigate accidents, including the evidence that should be collected to define the cause, dynamics and responsibilities of an industrial accident, as well as the most appropriate methods to collect and preserve the evidence through an appropriate chain of security. Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in forensic engineering, as well as graduate students in forensic engineering departments and other professionals.

Risk Analysis and Management: Engineering Resilience

Risk Analysis and Management: Engineering Resilience PDF Author: Ivo Häring
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811000158
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 365

Get Book

Book Description
The book introduces basic risk concepts and then goes on to discuss risk management and analysis processes and steps. The main emphasis is on methods that fulfill the requirements of one or several risk management steps. The focus is on risk analysis methods including statistical-empirical analyses, probabilistic and parametrized models, engineering approaches and simulative methods, e.g. for fragment and blast propagation or hazard density computation. Risk management is essential for improving all resilience management steps: preparation, prevention, protection, response and recovery. The methods investigate types of event and scenario, as well as frequency, exposure, avoidance, hazard propagation, damage and risks of events. Further methods are presented for context assessment, risk visualization, communication, comparison and assessment as well as selecting mitigation measures. The processes and methods are demonstrated using detailed results and overviews of security research projects, in particular in the applications domains transport, aviation, airport security, explosive threats and urban security and safety. Topics include: sufficient control of emerging and novel hazards and risks, occupational safety, identification of minimum (functional) safety requirements, engineering methods for countering malevolent or terrorist events, security research challenges, interdisciplinary approaches to risk control and management, risk-based change and improvement management, and support of rational decision-making. The book addresses advanced bachelor students, master and doctoral students as well as scientists, researchers and developers in academia, industry, small and medium enterprises working in the emerging field of security and safety engineering.

Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions

Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions PDF Author: Marc J. Assael
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439826768
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 349

View

Book Description
Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries PDF Author: Faisal Irshad Khan
Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
ISBN: 9788171414222
Category : Chemical industry
Languages : en
Pages : 384

View

Book Description
Contents: Introduction, Qualitative Methods of Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-I: Consequence Analysis, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-II: Rapid Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-III: Probabilistic Hazard Assessment, Studies on Chain, of Accidents (Domino Effects), Methods of Hazard Identification, Screening and Ranking, Application of Risk Analysis in Process Design.

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities PDF Author: Dennis P. Nolan
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0128160039
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 522

View

Book Description
Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for the Oil, Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities, Fourth Edition, discusses high-level risk analysis and advanced technical considerations, such as process control, emergency shut-downs, and evaluation procedures. As more engineers and managers are adopting risk-based approaches to minimize risk, maximize profits, and keep operations running smoothly, this reference encompasses all the critical equipment and standards necessary for the process industries, including oil and gas. Updated with new information covering fire and explosion resistant systems, drainage systems, and human factors, this book delivers the equipment standards needed to protect today’s petrochemical assets and facilities. Provides tactics on how to revise and upgrade company policies to support safer designs and equipment Helps readers understand the latest in fire suppression and explosion risks for a process plant in a single source Updates on how to evaluate concerns, thus helping engineers and managers process operating requests and estimate practical cost benefit factors

Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention

Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention PDF Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323915167
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 530

View

Book Description
Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention, Volume Five in the Methods in Chemical Process Safety series, focuses on the process of learning from experience, including elements of process safety management, human factors in the chemical process industries, and the regulation of chemical process safety, including current approaches. Users will find this book to be an informative tool and user manual for process safety for a variety of professionals. This new release focuses on Domino effect – Case histories and accident statistics, the state-of-the-art in domino effect modeling, Fire Driven Domino Effect, Mitigation of Domino Effect, and much more. Acquaints readers/researchers with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions from a practical point-of-view Gives readers the views/opinions of experts on each topic

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles PDF Author: Dennis P. Nolan
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 032331144X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 496

View

Book Description
Written by an engineer for engineers, this book is both training manual and on-going reference, bringing together all the different facets of the complex processes that must be in place to minimize the risk to people, plant and the environment from fires, explosions, vapour releases and oil spills. Fully compliant with international regulatory requirements, relatively compact but comprehensive in its coverage, engineers, safety professionals and concerned company management will buy this book to capitalize on the author’s life-long expertise. This is the only book focusing specifically on oil and gas and related chemical facilities. This new edition includes updates on management practices, lessons learned from recent incidents, and new material on chemical processes, hazards and risk reviews (e.g. CHAZOP). Latest technology on fireproofing, fire and gas detection systems and applications is also covered. An introductory chapter on the philosophy of protection principles along with fundamental background material on the properties of the chemicals concerned and their behaviours under industrial conditions, combined with a detailed section on modern risk analysis techniques makes this book essential reading for students and professionals following Industrial Safety, Chemical Process Safety and Fire Protection Engineering courses. A practical, results-oriented manual for practicing engineers, bringing protection principles and chemistry together with modern risk analysis techniques Specific focus on oil and gas and related chemical facilities, making it comprehensive and compact Includes the latest best practice guidance, as well as lessons learned from recent incidents

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects PDF Author: Chao Chen
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030889114
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 184

View

Book Description
This book provides insight into domino effects in industrial chemical sites and process industries. It is about the integration of safety and security resources to prevent and mitigate domino effects in the process industries. It explains how chemical industrial areas, comprised of various hazardous installations, are susceptible to a chain of undesired events, or domino effects, triggered by accidental events or intentional attacks and then presents solutions to prevent them. Firstly, the book provides a dynamic graph approach to model the domino effects induced by accidental fire or intentional fire, considering the spatial-temporal evolution of fires. Then, a dynamic risk assessment method based on a discrete dynamic event tree is proposed to assess the likelihood of VCEs and the vulnerability of installations, addressing the time dependencies in vapor cloud dispersion and the uncertainty of delayed ignitions. A dynamic methodology based on dynamic graphs and Monte Carlo is provided to assess the vulnerability of individuals and installations exposed to multi-hazards, such as fire, explosion and toxic release during escalation events. Based on these domino effect models, an economic approach is developed to integrate safe and security resources, obtaining the most cost–benefit protection strategy for preventing domino effects. Finally, a resilience-based approach is provided to find out the most cost-resilient way to protect chemical industrial areas, addressing possible domino effects. This integrated approach will be of interest to researchers, industrial engineers, chemical engineers and safety managers and will help professionals to new solutions in the area of safety and security.

Crowd Dynamics, Volume 1

Crowd Dynamics, Volume 1 PDF Author: Livio Gibelli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030051293
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 292

View

Book Description
This volume explores the complex problems that arise in the modeling and simulation of crowd dynamics in order to present the state-of-the-art of this emerging field and contribute to future research activities. Experts in various areas apply their unique perspectives to specific aspects of crowd dynamics, covering the topic from multiple angles. These include a demonstration of how virtual reality may solve dilemmas in collecting empirical data; a detailed study on pedestrian movement in smoke-filled environments; a presentation of one-dimensional conservation laws with point constraints on the flux; a collection of new ideas on the modeling of crowd dynamics at the microscopic scale; and others. Applied mathematicians interested in crowd dynamics, pedestrian movement, traffic flow modeling, urban planning, and other topics will find this volume a valuable resource. Additionally, researchers in social psychology, architecture, and engineering may find this information relevant to their work.

Advances in Industrial Safety

Advances in Industrial Safety PDF Author: Faisal I. Khan
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811568529
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 332

View

Book Description
This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Health, Safety, Fire, Environment, and Allied Sciences. It highlights latest developments in the field of science and technology aimed at improving health and safety in the workplace. The volume comprises content from leading scientists, engineers, and policy makers discussing issues relating to industrial safety, fire hazards and their management in industry, forests and other settings. Also dealt with are issues of occupational health in engineering, process and agricultural industry and protection against incidents of arson and terror attacks. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers alike.

Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents

Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents PDF Author: Luca Fiorentini
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1118962818
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 520

View

Book Description
An introductory text on the investigation of industrial accidents Forensic engineering should be seen as a rigorous approach to the discovery of root causes that lead to an accident or near-miss. The approach should be suitable to identify both the immediate causes as well as the underlying factors that affected, amplified, or modified the events in terms of consequences, evolution, dynamics, etc., as well as the contribution of an eventual "human error". This book is a concise and introductory volume to the forensic engineering discipline which helps the reader to recognize the link among those important, very specialized aspects of the same problem in the global strategy of learning from accidents (or near-misses). The reader will benefit from a single point of access to this very large, technical literature that can be only correctly understood with the right terms, definitions, and links in mind. Keywords: Presents simple (real) cases, as well as giving an overview of more complex ones, each of them investigated within the same framework; Gives the readers the bibliography to access more in-depth specific aspects; Offers an overview of the most commonly used methodologies and techniques to investigate accidents, including the evidence that should be collected to define the cause, dynamics and responsibilities of an industrial accident, as well as the most appropriate methods to collect and preserve the evidence through an appropriate chain of security. Principles of Forensic Engineering Applied to Industrial Accidents is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in forensic engineering, as well as graduate students in forensic engineering departments and other professionals.

Risk Analysis and Management: Engineering Resilience

Risk Analysis and Management: Engineering Resilience PDF Author: Ivo Häring
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811000158
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 365

View

Book Description
The book introduces basic risk concepts and then goes on to discuss risk management and analysis processes and steps. The main emphasis is on methods that fulfill the requirements of one or several risk management steps. The focus is on risk analysis methods including statistical-empirical analyses, probabilistic and parametrized models, engineering approaches and simulative methods, e.g. for fragment and blast propagation or hazard density computation. Risk management is essential for improving all resilience management steps: preparation, prevention, protection, response and recovery. The methods investigate types of event and scenario, as well as frequency, exposure, avoidance, hazard propagation, damage and risks of events. Further methods are presented for context assessment, risk visualization, communication, comparison and assessment as well as selecting mitigation measures. The processes and methods are demonstrated using detailed results and overviews of security research projects, in particular in the applications domains transport, aviation, airport security, explosive threats and urban security and safety. Topics include: sufficient control of emerging and novel hazards and risks, occupational safety, identification of minimum (functional) safety requirements, engineering methods for countering malevolent or terrorist events, security research challenges, interdisciplinary approaches to risk control and management, risk-based change and improvement management, and support of rational decision-making. The book addresses advanced bachelor students, master and doctoral students as well as scientists, researchers and developers in academia, industry, small and medium enterprises working in the emerging field of security and safety engineering.