Genetically Modified Diplomacy

Genetically Modified Diplomacy PDF Author: Peter Andre
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 077484096X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
When genetically engineered seeds were first deployed in the Americas in the mid-1990s, the biotechnology industry and its partners envisaged a world in which their crops would be widely accepted as the food of the future. Critics, however, raised a variety of social, environmental, economic, and health concerns. This book traces the emergence of the 2000 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety � and the discourse of precaution toward GEOs that the protocol institutionalized internationally. Peter Andr�e explains this reversal in the "common-sense" understanding of genetic engineering, and discusses the new debates it has engendered.

The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food

The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230598196
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 265

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Book Description
Genetically modified food is at the heart of a new global conflict over how to govern risky technologies in an era of globalization. This timely collection brings together experts from the fields of IR, environmental studies, trade and law to examine the sources of international friction and to explore the prospects for international co-operation.

United States Promotion of GM Foods in Mexico

United States Promotion of GM Foods in Mexico PDF Author: Yadira Ixchel Martinez Pantoja
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Administrative agencies
Languages : en
Pages : 233

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Book Description
The Mexican government’s policy of genetically modified (GM) foods has moved from a precautionary approach to the promotion and commercialization of agricultural biotechnology, possibly at the risk of narrowing Mexico’s biodiversity. The approval of the Law of Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms in 2005 allowed the cultivation of GM food crops. Subsequently, in accordance with the North America Free Trade Agreement, Mexico liberalized all agricultural product imports, including GM foods in 2008. In this thesis, I argue that the GM food policy change in Mexico can be explained by studying the US diplomatic and commercial efforts to promote GM foods. How US agencies, biotechnology companies, and NGOs have interacted with Mexican officials and other stakeholders, and how they have influenced this change of GM food policy, will be analyzed at length in this thesis. Through an adaptation of a public diplomacy model, and the conduct of documentary analysis and in-depth interviews, in this thesis I examine the state and non-state actors along with the public diplomacy activities involved in the Mexico’s GM food policy change. I describe how state actors such as the US Department of State and the Department of Agriculture have implemented programs that promote American agricultural products, including GM foods, and have applied diplomatic instruments, which in parallel with biotechnology corporations’ initiatives, appear to have been effective in influencing Mexican policy-makers. Non-state actors such as biotechnology companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have also played important roles in changing Mexico’s GM food policy. My research found that biotechnology companies, as a result of their greater resources, have been more influential than NGOs, but NGO participation in public diplomacy activities has been relevant in raising GM food awareness among general audiences that in turn influenced policy-makers to exercise caution. Nevertheless, it is hypothesized that while the decision to liberalize GM food imports was a Mexican government decision, Mexican officials and legislators were influenced in that decision by US agencies and biotechnology corporations’ representations. How that influence was initiated, manifested, institutionalized, and received, analyzed by this author through the lens of a public diplomacy model, is the subject of this thesis.

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230277896
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 242

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Book Description
This book puts forward a distinctive theoretical approach and analytical framework for studying business as an international actor in the environmental field, and provides detailed case studies of the most important environmental challenges in recent years.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy PDF Author: Andrew F. Cooper
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588864
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 953

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Book Description
Including chapters from some of the leading experts in the field this Handbook provides a full overview of the nature and challenges of modern diplomacy and includes a tour d'horizon of the key ways in which the theory and practice of modern diplomacy are evolving in the 21st Century.

The Challenges of European Governance in the Age of Economic Stagnation, Immigration, and Refugees

The Challenges of European Governance in the Age of Economic Stagnation, Immigration, and Refugees PDF Author: Henry F. Carey
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498547737
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 500

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Book Description
This book examines the political and legal challenges of regional governance of the 28 countries of the European Union and the 48 in the Council of Europe. The contributions, dilemmas, and moral hazards from this record of nearly seven decades of regional inter-governmental institutions has kept the peace, but produced episodes of crisis from overstretching jurisdictions, thematically and geographically. Polarization between nationalist and integrative forces has displaced the idealistic aspirations of prior decades to build the rule of law and deter violence. Academics and policy makers will learn from the various legal and political efforts to integrate supranational and inter-governmental agencies with national political systems.

The Politics of Precaution

The Politics of Precaution PDF Author: Robert L. Paarlberg
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0801868238
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have inspired increasing controversy over the past decade. By the mid-1990s they were widely grown in the U.S., Canada, and Argentina, but precautionary regulations continue to limit their use elsewhere. The restrictive policies of Europe and Japan toward GM crops have been much discussed. Less attention has been paid to the policies affecting the adoption of GM crops in the developing world, where their potential impact on the availability and quality of food is even greater. In this book Robert Paarlberg looks at the policy choices regarding GM food made by four important developing countries: Kenya, Brazil, India, and China. Of these, so far only China has approved the planting of GM crops. Paarlberg identifies five policy areas in which governments of developing countries can either support or discourage GM crops: intellectual property rights, biosafety, trade, food safety, and public research and investment. He notes that highly cautious biosafety policies have so far been the key reason that Kenya, Brazil, and India have hesitated to plant GM crops. These cautious policies have been strongly reinforced by international market forces and international diplomatic and NGO pressures. China has been less cautious toward GM crops, in part because there is less opportunity in China for international organizations or independent critics of GM crops to challenge official policy.

Transatlantic Relations and Modern Diplomacy

Transatlantic Relations and Modern Diplomacy PDF Author: Sudeshna Roy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134617216
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
This book explores the transatlantic relationship between the US and Europe from multiple perspectives and disciplines. Since the end of the Cold War, a multi-polar world has replaced the dual power economic and political stranglehold previously shared by the US and Russia. Amid the shift in power politics, the transatlantic partnership between the US and Europe has retained its importance in shaping the outcome of future global developments. With the rise of the US as a major world power and the tremendous economic growths witnessed by countries such as China, India and Brazil, the political power structures within and outside the transatlantic relations have gradually undergone shifts that are important to recognise, understand and critically assess on a consistent basis. Transatlantic Relations and Modern Diplomacy assesses the strengths and weaknesses of this enduring transatlantic relationship from multiple perspectives and disciplines at a time when the US and European countries are facing increasing economic pressures, significant political changes and substantial security concerns. Examining this relationship through a range of different lenses including historical, economic and cultural, this book highlights the importance of examining the transatlantic relationship from a variety of different contextual and historical perspectives in order to herald the future changes as informed global citizens. This book will be of interest to students of transatlantic studies, diplomacy, political science and IR in general.

The New Economic Diplomacy: Decision Making and Negotiation in International Economic Relations

The New Economic Diplomacy: Decision Making and Negotiation in International Economic Relations PDF Author: Stephen Woolcock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351724355
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328

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Book Description
This title was first published in 2003. This text explains how states conduct their external economic relations as the 21st century begins: how they make decisions domestically; how they negotiate internationally; and how these processes interact. It documents the transformation of economic diplomacy in response to the end of the Cold War, the advance of globalisation and the terrorist attacks of September 2001 and illustrates the growing influence of non-state actors like private business and civil society. The book integrates a full academic and theoretical analysis with the experience of senior practitioners in economic diplomacy and is based on the authors' work in the LSE's graduate programme on "The Politics of the World Economy".

Genetically Modified Diplomacy

Genetically Modified Diplomacy PDF Author: Peter Andre
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 077484096X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336

View

Book Description
When genetically engineered seeds were first deployed in the Americas in the mid-1990s, the biotechnology industry and its partners envisaged a world in which their crops would be widely accepted as the food of the future. Critics, however, raised a variety of social, environmental, economic, and health concerns. This book traces the emergence of the 2000 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety � and the discourse of precaution toward GEOs that the protocol institutionalized internationally. Peter Andr�e explains this reversal in the "common-sense" understanding of genetic engineering, and discusses the new debates it has engendered.

The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food

The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230598196
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 265

View

Book Description
Genetically modified food is at the heart of a new global conflict over how to govern risky technologies in an era of globalization. This timely collection brings together experts from the fields of IR, environmental studies, trade and law to examine the sources of international friction and to explore the prospects for international co-operation.

United States Promotion of GM Foods in Mexico

United States Promotion of GM Foods in Mexico PDF Author: Yadira Ixchel Martinez Pantoja
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Administrative agencies
Languages : en
Pages : 233

View

Book Description
The Mexican government’s policy of genetically modified (GM) foods has moved from a precautionary approach to the promotion and commercialization of agricultural biotechnology, possibly at the risk of narrowing Mexico’s biodiversity. The approval of the Law of Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms in 2005 allowed the cultivation of GM food crops. Subsequently, in accordance with the North America Free Trade Agreement, Mexico liberalized all agricultural product imports, including GM foods in 2008. In this thesis, I argue that the GM food policy change in Mexico can be explained by studying the US diplomatic and commercial efforts to promote GM foods. How US agencies, biotechnology companies, and NGOs have interacted with Mexican officials and other stakeholders, and how they have influenced this change of GM food policy, will be analyzed at length in this thesis. Through an adaptation of a public diplomacy model, and the conduct of documentary analysis and in-depth interviews, in this thesis I examine the state and non-state actors along with the public diplomacy activities involved in the Mexico’s GM food policy change. I describe how state actors such as the US Department of State and the Department of Agriculture have implemented programs that promote American agricultural products, including GM foods, and have applied diplomatic instruments, which in parallel with biotechnology corporations’ initiatives, appear to have been effective in influencing Mexican policy-makers. Non-state actors such as biotechnology companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have also played important roles in changing Mexico’s GM food policy. My research found that biotechnology companies, as a result of their greater resources, have been more influential than NGOs, but NGO participation in public diplomacy activities has been relevant in raising GM food awareness among general audiences that in turn influenced policy-makers to exercise caution. Nevertheless, it is hypothesized that while the decision to liberalize GM food imports was a Mexican government decision, Mexican officials and legislators were influenced in that decision by US agencies and biotechnology corporations’ representations. How that influence was initiated, manifested, institutionalized, and received, analyzed by this author through the lens of a public diplomacy model, is the subject of this thesis.

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230277896
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 242

View

Book Description
This book puts forward a distinctive theoretical approach and analytical framework for studying business as an international actor in the environmental field, and provides detailed case studies of the most important environmental challenges in recent years.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy PDF Author: Andrew F. Cooper
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588864
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 953

View

Book Description
Including chapters from some of the leading experts in the field this Handbook provides a full overview of the nature and challenges of modern diplomacy and includes a tour d'horizon of the key ways in which the theory and practice of modern diplomacy are evolving in the 21st Century.

Alternatives Journal

Alternatives Journal PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Environmental policy
Languages : en
Pages : 48

View

Book Description


The Challenges of European Governance in the Age of Economic Stagnation, Immigration, and Refugees

The Challenges of European Governance in the Age of Economic Stagnation, Immigration, and Refugees PDF Author: Henry F. Carey
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498547737
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 500

View

Book Description
This book examines the political and legal challenges of regional governance of the 28 countries of the European Union and the 48 in the Council of Europe. The contributions, dilemmas, and moral hazards from this record of nearly seven decades of regional inter-governmental institutions has kept the peace, but produced episodes of crisis from overstretching jurisdictions, thematically and geographically. Polarization between nationalist and integrative forces has displaced the idealistic aspirations of prior decades to build the rule of law and deter violence. Academics and policy makers will learn from the various legal and political efforts to integrate supranational and inter-governmental agencies with national political systems.

The Politics of Precaution

The Politics of Precaution PDF Author: Robert L. Paarlberg
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0801868238
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

View

Book Description
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have inspired increasing controversy over the past decade. By the mid-1990s they were widely grown in the U.S., Canada, and Argentina, but precautionary regulations continue to limit their use elsewhere. The restrictive policies of Europe and Japan toward GM crops have been much discussed. Less attention has been paid to the policies affecting the adoption of GM crops in the developing world, where their potential impact on the availability and quality of food is even greater. In this book Robert Paarlberg looks at the policy choices regarding GM food made by four important developing countries: Kenya, Brazil, India, and China. Of these, so far only China has approved the planting of GM crops. Paarlberg identifies five policy areas in which governments of developing countries can either support or discourage GM crops: intellectual property rights, biosafety, trade, food safety, and public research and investment. He notes that highly cautious biosafety policies have so far been the key reason that Kenya, Brazil, and India have hesitated to plant GM crops. These cautious policies have been strongly reinforced by international market forces and international diplomatic and NGO pressures. China has been less cautious toward GM crops, in part because there is less opportunity in China for international organizations or independent critics of GM crops to challenge official policy.

Transatlantic Relations and Modern Diplomacy

Transatlantic Relations and Modern Diplomacy PDF Author: Sudeshna Roy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134617216
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264

View

Book Description
This book explores the transatlantic relationship between the US and Europe from multiple perspectives and disciplines. Since the end of the Cold War, a multi-polar world has replaced the dual power economic and political stranglehold previously shared by the US and Russia. Amid the shift in power politics, the transatlantic partnership between the US and Europe has retained its importance in shaping the outcome of future global developments. With the rise of the US as a major world power and the tremendous economic growths witnessed by countries such as China, India and Brazil, the political power structures within and outside the transatlantic relations have gradually undergone shifts that are important to recognise, understand and critically assess on a consistent basis. Transatlantic Relations and Modern Diplomacy assesses the strengths and weaknesses of this enduring transatlantic relationship from multiple perspectives and disciplines at a time when the US and European countries are facing increasing economic pressures, significant political changes and substantial security concerns. Examining this relationship through a range of different lenses including historical, economic and cultural, this book highlights the importance of examining the transatlantic relationship from a variety of different contextual and historical perspectives in order to herald the future changes as informed global citizens. This book will be of interest to students of transatlantic studies, diplomacy, political science and IR in general.

The New Economic Diplomacy: Decision Making and Negotiation in International Economic Relations

The New Economic Diplomacy: Decision Making and Negotiation in International Economic Relations PDF Author: Stephen Woolcock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351724355
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328

View

Book Description
This title was first published in 2003. This text explains how states conduct their external economic relations as the 21st century begins: how they make decisions domestically; how they negotiate internationally; and how these processes interact. It documents the transformation of economic diplomacy in response to the end of the Cold War, the advance of globalisation and the terrorist attacks of September 2001 and illustrates the growing influence of non-state actors like private business and civil society. The book integrates a full academic and theoretical analysis with the experience of senior practitioners in economic diplomacy and is based on the authors' work in the LSE's graduate programme on "The Politics of the World Economy".