GMOs and Political Stance

GMOs and Political Stance PDF Author: Muhammad Amjad Nawaz
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128239042
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 323

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Book Description
GMOS and Political Stance: Global GMO Regulation, Certification, Labeling, and Consumer Preferences provides a foundational-to-current challenges resource for those involved in developing and applying regulations to these important resources. Beginning with basics of GMOs, the book first familiarizes the reader with the history, economic status, associated risks, global politics, and socio-economics of GMOs. From exploring the necessity of GMO regulations with the existing GMO technology as well as new gene editing technologies to discussion by GMO regulations experts from different continents and countries, readers will find the information necessary to understand the laws, rules, regulations and policies at domestic and international scale. A last chapter delivers an update and future look on gene-edited food and feed and discusses the possibilities on the future risk assessment, legislation and regulation of gene-edited products. GMOS and Political Stance provides a unique and applicable synchronization of all regulatory information on GMOs to facilitate effective and efficient regulatory development and adherence. Guides law and policy makers particularly from developing countries toward sound policies in line with international regulations Presents a global overview of genetic modification of organisms and their emerging role in food supply Provides insights into future risk assessment strategies and potential for new legislative process development

Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs

Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs PDF Author: Hannes R. Stephan
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230284579
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
What accounts for the transatlantic divide over the regulation of genetically modified organisms? Alongside political institutions and economic dynamics, cultural values and identities have also played a critical role. Stephan contrasts widespread concerns over the 'unnaturalness' of GMOs in Europe with more utilitarian attitudes in the US. In Europe, food and agriculture are closely connected to positive images of 'nature', while Americans have often reserved such admiration for pristine 'wilderness'. By tracing the historical development of 'environmental identities' on both continents the author shows that divergent cultural contexts shape public opinion and the narratives of anti-GMO movements. Many Europeans regard GMOs as a symbol for a host of troubling cultural and socio-economic changes. Despite increasing public opposition, most Americans still see them through the lens of risk-benefit evaluation. Thus, through varying degrees of political pressure and consumer boycotts, cultural factors strongly influence regulatory frameworks on both sides of the Atlantic.

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe PDF Author: Kelly A. Clancy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319339842
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 173

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Book Description
This book examines the puzzle of why genetically modified organisms continue to be controversial despite scientific evidence declaring them safe for humans and the environment. What explains the sustained levels of resistance? Clancy analyzes the trans-Atlantic controversy by comparing opposition to GMOs in the United Kingdom, Germany, Poland, Spain, and the United States, examining the way in which science is politicized on both sides of the debate. Ultimately, the author argues that the lack of labeling GMO products in the United States allows opponents to create far-fetched images of GMOs that work their ways in to the minds of the public. The way forward out of this seemingly intractable debate is to allow GMOs, once tested, to enter the market without penalty—and then to label them.

Balancing between Trade and Risk

Balancing between Trade and Risk PDF Author: Marjolein B. A. van Asselt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136272569
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 296

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Book Description
The trade aspects of risk and the risk aspects of trade deserve more systematic and genuine interdisciplinary attention if we are to really understand the global, international and supranational dimensions of risk regulation. This book brings together legal and social science research on risk regulation from across the world to explore risk regulation in a trade context. The interdisciplinary collaboration provided in this book is needed to address the trade versus risk balancing act both in empirical and theoretical terms. Although it is obvious that legal, social, cultural and political matters interfere with risk regulation, analyses in which these interferences are adequately considered are lacking. In one way or another, all chapters in this book address the issue of scientific uncertainty, the governance arrangements around expertise or both. Issues such as transparency, trust, legitimacy and precaution also become particularly important given the political, multi-actor and multi-level governance characteristics of the balancing act between trade and risk regulation. This book highlights and examines these concerns, going on to provide a critical assessment of the EU regulation of trade and risk both from external and internal perspectives. This book’s exploration of the balancing act between trade and risk regulation will be increasingly important to students of law and social sciences as they move to a shared, interdisciplinary understanding.

Democratic Representation in Multi-level Systems

Democratic Representation in Multi-level Systems PDF Author: Thomas Däubler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429512139
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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Book Description
This comprehensive volume studies the vices and virtues of regionalisation in comparative perspective, including countries such as Belgium, Germany, Spain, and the UK, and discusses conditions that might facilitate or hamper responsiveness in regional democracies. It follows the entire chain of democratic responsiveness, starting from the translation of citizen preferences into voting behaviour, up to patterns of decision-making and policy implementation. Many European democracies have experienced considerable decentralisation over the past few decades. This book explores the key virtues which may accompany this trend, such as regional-level political authorities performing better in understanding and implementing citizens’ preferences. It also examines how, on the other hand, decentralisation can come at a price, especially since the resulting multi-level structures may create several new obstacles to democratic representation, including information, responsibility and accountability problems. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal West European Politics.

Public Policy and the Mass Media

Public Policy and the Mass Media PDF Author: Sigrid Koch-Baumgarten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135168016
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
The mass media are playing an increasingly central role in modern political life that expands beyond their traditional function as mediators between the world of politics and the citizens. This volume explores the extent and circumstances under which the media affects public policy; whether the political impact of the media is confined to the public representation of politics or whether their influence goes further to also affect the substance of political decisions. It provides an in-depth understanding of the conditions under which the media might, or might not, play a role in the policy process and what the nature of their influence is. Bringing together conceptual and methodological approaches from both political science and communications studies, this book presents an interdisciplinary perspective. It presents empirical evidence of the processes involved in the interaction between mass communication and policy and features case studies from Western Europe and the US and across different policy fields. The book will be of interest to students of public policy, political communication and comparative politics.

When Ideology Trumps Science: Why We Question the Experts on Everything from Climate Change to Vaccinations

When Ideology Trumps Science: Why We Question the Experts on Everything from Climate Change to Vaccinations PDF Author: Erika Allen Wolters
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440849846
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 181

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Book Description
This book reveals how embedded beliefs more so than a lack of scientific knowledge and understanding are creating a cognitive bias toward information that coincides with personal beliefs rather than scientific consensus—and that this anti-science bias exists among liberals as well as conservatives. • Provides readers with a clear understanding of how ideology and personal values supersede scientific consensus for people across the political spectrum • Identifies key indicators of support for or opposition to current science-policy conflicts • Explains how disagreement on issues such as climate change and vaccination results in inaction on these policy issues and negatively affects human and environmental health at the local, regional, national, and global levels • Offers insights that may serve to break through the barriers of policy inaction caused by disagreement with scientific consensus

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology PDF Author: Agnès Ricroch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331906892X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 291

Get Book

Book Description
Written in easy to follow language, the book presents cutting-edge agriculturally relevant plant biotechnologies and applications in a manner that is accessible to all. This book introduces the scope and method of plant biotechnologies and molecular breeding within the context of environmental analysis and assessment, a diminishing supply of productive arable land, scarce water resources and climate change. Authors who have studied how agro ecosystems have changed during the first decade and a half of commercial deployment review effects and stress needs that must be considered to make these tools sustainable.

The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe

The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe PDF Author: Montpetit, &Éric
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739159224
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe provides analysts with a perspective on policy-making in scientifically advanced countries that integrate the insights of several approaches and that display a particular sensitivity to the complexity of policy-making conjectures.

Science and Politics

Science and Politics PDF Author: Brent S. Steel
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483346315
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 633

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Book Description
Recent partisan squabbles over science in the news are indicative of a larger tendency for scientific research and practice to get entangled in major ideological divisions in the public arena. This politicization of science is deepened by the key role government funding plays in scientific research and development, the market leading position of U.S.-based science and technology firms, and controversial U.S. exports (such as genetically modified foods or hormone-injected livestock). This groundbreaking, one-volume, A-to-Z reference features 120-150 entries that explore the nexus of politics and science, both in the United States and in U.S. interactions with other nations. The essays, each by experts in their fields, examine: Health, environmental, and social/cultural issues relating to science and politics Concerns relating to government regulation and its impact on the practice of science Key historical and contemporary events that have shaped our contemporary view of how science and politics intersect Science and Politics: An A to Z Guide to Issues and Controversies is a must-have resource for researchers and students who seek to deepen their understanding of the connection between science and politics.

GMOs and Political Stance

GMOs and Political Stance PDF Author: Muhammad Amjad Nawaz
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128239042
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 323

View

Book Description
GMOS and Political Stance: Global GMO Regulation, Certification, Labeling, and Consumer Preferences provides a foundational-to-current challenges resource for those involved in developing and applying regulations to these important resources. Beginning with basics of GMOs, the book first familiarizes the reader with the history, economic status, associated risks, global politics, and socio-economics of GMOs. From exploring the necessity of GMO regulations with the existing GMO technology as well as new gene editing technologies to discussion by GMO regulations experts from different continents and countries, readers will find the information necessary to understand the laws, rules, regulations and policies at domestic and international scale. A last chapter delivers an update and future look on gene-edited food and feed and discusses the possibilities on the future risk assessment, legislation and regulation of gene-edited products. GMOS and Political Stance provides a unique and applicable synchronization of all regulatory information on GMOs to facilitate effective and efficient regulatory development and adherence. Guides law and policy makers particularly from developing countries toward sound policies in line with international regulations Presents a global overview of genetic modification of organisms and their emerging role in food supply Provides insights into future risk assessment strategies and potential for new legislative process development

Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs

Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs PDF Author: Hannes R. Stephan
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230284579
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 272

View

Book Description
What accounts for the transatlantic divide over the regulation of genetically modified organisms? Alongside political institutions and economic dynamics, cultural values and identities have also played a critical role. Stephan contrasts widespread concerns over the 'unnaturalness' of GMOs in Europe with more utilitarian attitudes in the US. In Europe, food and agriculture are closely connected to positive images of 'nature', while Americans have often reserved such admiration for pristine 'wilderness'. By tracing the historical development of 'environmental identities' on both continents the author shows that divergent cultural contexts shape public opinion and the narratives of anti-GMO movements. Many Europeans regard GMOs as a symbol for a host of troubling cultural and socio-economic changes. Despite increasing public opposition, most Americans still see them through the lens of risk-benefit evaluation. Thus, through varying degrees of political pressure and consumer boycotts, cultural factors strongly influence regulatory frameworks on both sides of the Atlantic.

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe PDF Author: Kelly A. Clancy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319339842
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 173

View

Book Description
This book examines the puzzle of why genetically modified organisms continue to be controversial despite scientific evidence declaring them safe for humans and the environment. What explains the sustained levels of resistance? Clancy analyzes the trans-Atlantic controversy by comparing opposition to GMOs in the United Kingdom, Germany, Poland, Spain, and the United States, examining the way in which science is politicized on both sides of the debate. Ultimately, the author argues that the lack of labeling GMO products in the United States allows opponents to create far-fetched images of GMOs that work their ways in to the minds of the public. The way forward out of this seemingly intractable debate is to allow GMOs, once tested, to enter the market without penalty—and then to label them.

Balancing between Trade and Risk

Balancing between Trade and Risk PDF Author: Marjolein B. A. van Asselt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136272569
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 296

View

Book Description
The trade aspects of risk and the risk aspects of trade deserve more systematic and genuine interdisciplinary attention if we are to really understand the global, international and supranational dimensions of risk regulation. This book brings together legal and social science research on risk regulation from across the world to explore risk regulation in a trade context. The interdisciplinary collaboration provided in this book is needed to address the trade versus risk balancing act both in empirical and theoretical terms. Although it is obvious that legal, social, cultural and political matters interfere with risk regulation, analyses in which these interferences are adequately considered are lacking. In one way or another, all chapters in this book address the issue of scientific uncertainty, the governance arrangements around expertise or both. Issues such as transparency, trust, legitimacy and precaution also become particularly important given the political, multi-actor and multi-level governance characteristics of the balancing act between trade and risk regulation. This book highlights and examines these concerns, going on to provide a critical assessment of the EU regulation of trade and risk both from external and internal perspectives. This book’s exploration of the balancing act between trade and risk regulation will be increasingly important to students of law and social sciences as they move to a shared, interdisciplinary understanding.

Democratic Representation in Multi-level Systems

Democratic Representation in Multi-level Systems PDF Author: Thomas Däubler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429512139
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310

View

Book Description
This comprehensive volume studies the vices and virtues of regionalisation in comparative perspective, including countries such as Belgium, Germany, Spain, and the UK, and discusses conditions that might facilitate or hamper responsiveness in regional democracies. It follows the entire chain of democratic responsiveness, starting from the translation of citizen preferences into voting behaviour, up to patterns of decision-making and policy implementation. Many European democracies have experienced considerable decentralisation over the past few decades. This book explores the key virtues which may accompany this trend, such as regional-level political authorities performing better in understanding and implementing citizens’ preferences. It also examines how, on the other hand, decentralisation can come at a price, especially since the resulting multi-level structures may create several new obstacles to democratic representation, including information, responsibility and accountability problems. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal West European Politics.

Public Policy and the Mass Media

Public Policy and the Mass Media PDF Author: Sigrid Koch-Baumgarten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135168016
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

View

Book Description
The mass media are playing an increasingly central role in modern political life that expands beyond their traditional function as mediators between the world of politics and the citizens. This volume explores the extent and circumstances under which the media affects public policy; whether the political impact of the media is confined to the public representation of politics or whether their influence goes further to also affect the substance of political decisions. It provides an in-depth understanding of the conditions under which the media might, or might not, play a role in the policy process and what the nature of their influence is. Bringing together conceptual and methodological approaches from both political science and communications studies, this book presents an interdisciplinary perspective. It presents empirical evidence of the processes involved in the interaction between mass communication and policy and features case studies from Western Europe and the US and across different policy fields. The book will be of interest to students of public policy, political communication and comparative politics.

When Ideology Trumps Science: Why We Question the Experts on Everything from Climate Change to Vaccinations

When Ideology Trumps Science: Why We Question the Experts on Everything from Climate Change to Vaccinations PDF Author: Erika Allen Wolters
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440849846
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 181

View

Book Description
This book reveals how embedded beliefs more so than a lack of scientific knowledge and understanding are creating a cognitive bias toward information that coincides with personal beliefs rather than scientific consensus—and that this anti-science bias exists among liberals as well as conservatives. • Provides readers with a clear understanding of how ideology and personal values supersede scientific consensus for people across the political spectrum • Identifies key indicators of support for or opposition to current science-policy conflicts • Explains how disagreement on issues such as climate change and vaccination results in inaction on these policy issues and negatively affects human and environmental health at the local, regional, national, and global levels • Offers insights that may serve to break through the barriers of policy inaction caused by disagreement with scientific consensus

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology PDF Author: Agnès Ricroch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331906892X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 291

View

Book Description
Written in easy to follow language, the book presents cutting-edge agriculturally relevant plant biotechnologies and applications in a manner that is accessible to all. This book introduces the scope and method of plant biotechnologies and molecular breeding within the context of environmental analysis and assessment, a diminishing supply of productive arable land, scarce water resources and climate change. Authors who have studied how agro ecosystems have changed during the first decade and a half of commercial deployment review effects and stress needs that must be considered to make these tools sustainable.

The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe

The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe PDF Author: Montpetit, &Éric
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739159224
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 304

View

Book Description
The Politics of Biotechnology in North America and Europe provides analysts with a perspective on policy-making in scientifically advanced countries that integrate the insights of several approaches and that display a particular sensitivity to the complexity of policy-making conjectures.

Science and Politics

Science and Politics PDF Author: Brent S. Steel
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483346315
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 633

View

Book Description
Recent partisan squabbles over science in the news are indicative of a larger tendency for scientific research and practice to get entangled in major ideological divisions in the public arena. This politicization of science is deepened by the key role government funding plays in scientific research and development, the market leading position of U.S.-based science and technology firms, and controversial U.S. exports (such as genetically modified foods or hormone-injected livestock). This groundbreaking, one-volume, A-to-Z reference features 120-150 entries that explore the nexus of politics and science, both in the United States and in U.S. interactions with other nations. The essays, each by experts in their fields, examine: Health, environmental, and social/cultural issues relating to science and politics Concerns relating to government regulation and its impact on the practice of science Key historical and contemporary events that have shaped our contemporary view of how science and politics intersect Science and Politics: An A to Z Guide to Issues and Controversies is a must-have resource for researchers and students who seek to deepen their understanding of the connection between science and politics.