Governing Molecules

Governing Molecules PDF Author: Herbert Gottweis
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262262781
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 408

Get Book

Book Description
Scientists, investors, policymakers, the media, and the general public have all displayed a continuing interest in the commercial promise and potential dangers of genetic engineering. In this book, Herbert Gottweis explains how genetic engineering became so controversial—a technology that some seek to promote by any means and others want to block entirely. Beginning with a clear exposition of poststructuralist theory and its implications for research methodology, Gottweis offers a novel approach to political analysis, emphasizing the essential role of narratives in the development of policy under contemporary conditions. Drawing on more than eighty in-depth interviews and extensive archival work, Gottweis traces today's controversy back to the sociopolitical and scientific origins of molecular biology, paying particular attention to its relationship to eugenics. He argues that over the decades a number of mutually reinforcing political and scientific strategies have attempted to turn genes into objects of technological intervention—to make them "governable." Looking at critical events such as the 1975 Asilomar conference in the United States, the escalating conflict in Germany, and regulatory disputes in Britain and France during the 1980s, Gottweis argues that it was the struggle over boundaries and representations of genetic engineering, politics, and society that defined the political dynamics of the drafting of risk regulations in these countries. In a key chapter on biotechnology research, industry, and supporting technology policies, Gottweis demonstrates that the interpretation of genetic engineering as the core of a new "high technology" industry was part of a policy myth and an expression of identity politics. He suggests that under postmodern conditions a major strategy for avoiding policy failure is to create conditions that ensure tolerance and respect for the multiplicity of socially available policy narratives and reality interpretations.

Molecular Biology of Muscle

Molecular Biology of Muscle PDF Author: Society for Experimental Biology (Great Britain)
Publisher: Portland Press
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 404

Get Book

Book Description


Physico-Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials

Physico-Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials PDF Author: Richard C. Pleus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351168584
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 338

Get Book

Book Description
Throughout human history, we have long encountered the combination of promise, risk, and uncertainty that accompanies emerging technologies. Nanotechnology is a recent example of an emerging technology that promises to drastically improve existing products as well as allow for creative development of new goods and services. This new technology also has its potential downsides. Industry, academia, and regulatory agencies are all working overtime to assess risks accurately while keeping up with the pace of development. Subtle changes in the physicochemical properties of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) can influence their toxicity and behavior in the environment and so can be used to help control potential ENM risks. This book attempts to encompass the state of the science regarding physicochemical characterization of ENMs. It illuminates the effort to understand these properties and how they may be used to ensure safe ENM deployment in existing or future materials and products.

Morality Policies in Europe

Morality Policies in Europe PDF Author: Christoph Knill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351557955
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 176

Get Book

Book Description
The regulation of issues like abortion, euthanasia, gun control, same-sex unions, pornography, prostitution, drugs, or gambling is commonly referred to a special class of so called morality policies. The distinctive feature of these policies is that politics are shaped by conflicts over first principle: When does life end? When does it begin? Is gambling, drug consumption or prostitution inherently malignant? The regulation of these value conflicts entails decisions about "right" or "wrong" and hence the "validation of a particular set of basic values". Yet there is still a remarkable lack of scholarly attention on morality policies, in particular with regard to general implications for the study of public policy. To stimulate further research in this area, this book focuses on different concepts and theories of morality policy change in European countries. It is based on a broad and comparative empirical perspective on different morality issues, including, for instance, the regulation of prostitution, abortion, euthanasia, gambling, drugs, as well as gun controls.This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

A Pictorial Approach to Molecular Bonding

A Pictorial Approach to Molecular Bonding PDF Author: John G. Verkade
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468402773
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 282

Get Book

Book Description
With the development of accurate molecular calculations in recent years, useful predictions of molecular electronic properties are currently being made. It is therefore becoming increasingly important for the non-theoretically oriented chemist to appreciate the underlying principles governing molecular orbital formation and to distinguish them from the quantitative details as sociated with particular molecules. It seems highly desirable then that the non theoretician be able to deduce results of general validity without esoteric mathematics. In this context, pictorial reasoning is particularly useful. Such an approach is virtually indispensable if bonding concepts are to be taught to chemistry students early in their careers. Undergraduate chemistry majors typically find it difficult to formulate molecular orbital schemes, especially delocalized ones, for molecules more complicated than diatomics. The major reason for this regrettable situation is the general impracticability of teaching group theory before students take organic and inorganic courses, wherein the applications of these concepts are most beneficial. Consequently many students graduate with the misconcep tion that the ground rules governing bonding in molecules such as NH3 are somehow different from those which apply to aromatic systems such as C H • 6 6 Conversely, seniors and many graduate students are usually only vaguely, if at all, aware that sigma bonding (like extended pi bonding) can profitably be described in a delocalized manner when discussing the UV-photoelectron spectrum of CH , for example.

Knowledge Governance

Knowledge Governance PDF Author: Leonardo Burlamaqui
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 0857285351
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 269

Get Book

Book Description
In order to move beyond the international intellectual property rights regime in both theory and practice, this volume offers the novel approach of “knowledge governance” as a way to understand the role of knowledge in growth and development.

Governing Molecules

Governing Molecules PDF Author: Herbert Gottweis
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262262781
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 408

View

Book Description
Scientists, investors, policymakers, the media, and the general public have all displayed a continuing interest in the commercial promise and potential dangers of genetic engineering. In this book, Herbert Gottweis explains how genetic engineering became so controversial—a technology that some seek to promote by any means and others want to block entirely. Beginning with a clear exposition of poststructuralist theory and its implications for research methodology, Gottweis offers a novel approach to political analysis, emphasizing the essential role of narratives in the development of policy under contemporary conditions. Drawing on more than eighty in-depth interviews and extensive archival work, Gottweis traces today's controversy back to the sociopolitical and scientific origins of molecular biology, paying particular attention to its relationship to eugenics. He argues that over the decades a number of mutually reinforcing political and scientific strategies have attempted to turn genes into objects of technological intervention—to make them "governable." Looking at critical events such as the 1975 Asilomar conference in the United States, the escalating conflict in Germany, and regulatory disputes in Britain and France during the 1980s, Gottweis argues that it was the struggle over boundaries and representations of genetic engineering, politics, and society that defined the political dynamics of the drafting of risk regulations in these countries. In a key chapter on biotechnology research, industry, and supporting technology policies, Gottweis demonstrates that the interpretation of genetic engineering as the core of a new "high technology" industry was part of a policy myth and an expression of identity politics. He suggests that under postmodern conditions a major strategy for avoiding policy failure is to create conditions that ensure tolerance and respect for the multiplicity of socially available policy narratives and reality interpretations.

Genetic and Epigenetic Control on Immune Responses Regulating Molecules in Cancer Development, Progression, and Treatment

Genetic and Epigenetic Control on Immune Responses Regulating Molecules in Cancer Development, Progression, and Treatment PDF Author: Katherine Chiappinelli
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889717305
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description


30th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference

30th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Lasers
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description


Molecular Biology of Muscle

Molecular Biology of Muscle PDF Author: Society for Experimental Biology (Great Britain)
Publisher: Portland Press
ISBN:
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 404

View

Book Description


Bottom-up Nanofabrication: Supramolecules-I

Bottom-up Nanofabrication: Supramolecules-I PDF Author: Katsuhiko Ariga
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
ISBN:
Category : Nanostructured materials
Languages : en
Pages : 516

View

Book Description


Inquiries Concerning the Medium of Light and the Form of Its Molecules

Inquiries Concerning the Medium of Light and the Form of Its Molecules PDF Author: John Gibson Macvicar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Light
Languages : en
Pages : 132

View

Book Description


Physico-Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials

Physico-Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials PDF Author: Richard C. Pleus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351168584
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 338

View

Book Description
Throughout human history, we have long encountered the combination of promise, risk, and uncertainty that accompanies emerging technologies. Nanotechnology is a recent example of an emerging technology that promises to drastically improve existing products as well as allow for creative development of new goods and services. This new technology also has its potential downsides. Industry, academia, and regulatory agencies are all working overtime to assess risks accurately while keeping up with the pace of development. Subtle changes in the physicochemical properties of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) can influence their toxicity and behavior in the environment and so can be used to help control potential ENM risks. This book attempts to encompass the state of the science regarding physicochemical characterization of ENMs. It illuminates the effort to understand these properties and how they may be used to ensure safe ENM deployment in existing or future materials and products.

Morality Policies in Europe

Morality Policies in Europe PDF Author: Christoph Knill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351557955
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 176

View

Book Description
The regulation of issues like abortion, euthanasia, gun control, same-sex unions, pornography, prostitution, drugs, or gambling is commonly referred to a special class of so called morality policies. The distinctive feature of these policies is that politics are shaped by conflicts over first principle: When does life end? When does it begin? Is gambling, drug consumption or prostitution inherently malignant? The regulation of these value conflicts entails decisions about "right" or "wrong" and hence the "validation of a particular set of basic values". Yet there is still a remarkable lack of scholarly attention on morality policies, in particular with regard to general implications for the study of public policy. To stimulate further research in this area, this book focuses on different concepts and theories of morality policy change in European countries. It is based on a broad and comparative empirical perspective on different morality issues, including, for instance, the regulation of prostitution, abortion, euthanasia, gambling, drugs, as well as gun controls.This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

A Pictorial Approach to Molecular Bonding

A Pictorial Approach to Molecular Bonding PDF Author: John G. Verkade
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468402773
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 282

View

Book Description
With the development of accurate molecular calculations in recent years, useful predictions of molecular electronic properties are currently being made. It is therefore becoming increasingly important for the non-theoretically oriented chemist to appreciate the underlying principles governing molecular orbital formation and to distinguish them from the quantitative details as sociated with particular molecules. It seems highly desirable then that the non theoretician be able to deduce results of general validity without esoteric mathematics. In this context, pictorial reasoning is particularly useful. Such an approach is virtually indispensable if bonding concepts are to be taught to chemistry students early in their careers. Undergraduate chemistry majors typically find it difficult to formulate molecular orbital schemes, especially delocalized ones, for molecules more complicated than diatomics. The major reason for this regrettable situation is the general impracticability of teaching group theory before students take organic and inorganic courses, wherein the applications of these concepts are most beneficial. Consequently many students graduate with the misconcep tion that the ground rules governing bonding in molecules such as NH3 are somehow different from those which apply to aromatic systems such as C H • 6 6 Conversely, seniors and many graduate students are usually only vaguely, if at all, aware that sigma bonding (like extended pi bonding) can profitably be described in a delocalized manner when discussing the UV-photoelectron spectrum of CH , for example.

Knowledge Governance

Knowledge Governance PDF Author: Leonardo Burlamaqui
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 0857285351
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 269

View

Book Description
In order to move beyond the international intellectual property rights regime in both theory and practice, this volume offers the novel approach of “knowledge governance” as a way to understand the role of knowledge in growth and development.