Impairment, Executive Function, and Symptoms: Understanding ADHD in Emerging Adulthood

Impairment, Executive Function, and Symptoms: Understanding ADHD in Emerging Adulthood PDF Author: Morgan M. Dorr
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 86

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Book Description
While Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychological disorders diagnosed during development, adult ADHD remains vastly under recognized and undertreated. In an effort to better understand current issues with adult ADHD assessment, this study examined the relationship between symptoms, impairment, and executive functioning. Results indicate that among individuals who screened negative for ADHD, those higher in executive function reported experiencing significantly less impairment than those lower in executive function. Executive function was shown to have a negative relationship with impairment and ADHD symptomology was shown to have a positive relationship with impairment. Additionally, impairment was significantly predicted by ADHD symptoms and executive function, and there was a significant interaction between executive function and ADHD symptoms in predicting impairment. Understanding the relationship between executive function, ADHD symptoms, and impairment is critically important in better understanding adult ADHD.

Impairment in Adult ADHD

Impairment in Adult ADHD PDF Author: Morgan M. Dorr
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 60

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Book Description
While Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains one of the most common psychological disorders diagnosed, current understanding of the disorders expression and factors contributing to impairment in early adulthood remains limited. In an effort to better understand current issues with ADHD assessment and treatment in emerging adults, this study aimed to examine relationships between symptoms, executive function (EF), sleep, and impairment. Overall results of this study indicate that together, ADHD symptoms, EF, and sleep account for a significant proportion of variance in impairment. Additionally, results indicate that EF moderates the relationship between ADHD symptoms and impairment, and that sleep may be a protective factor for adults. Specifically, this study found that when compared to individuals reporting more sleep problems, the effect of ADHD symptoms and EF on impairment was much weaker among individuals reporting fewer sleep problems. Understanding the relationship between ADHD symptoms, EF, and sleep is critically important in better understanding adult ADHD and in informing assessment and treatment strategies to more effectively reduce impairment.

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults PDF Author: Thomas E. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135079471
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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Book Description
For over 100 years, ADHD has been seen as essentially a behavior disorder. Recent scientific research has developed a new paradigm which recognizes ADHD as a developmental disorder of the cognitive management system of the brain, its executive functions. This cutting-edge book pulls together key ideas of this new understanding of ADHD, explaining them and describing in understandable language scientific research that supports this new model. It addresses questions like: - Why can those with ADHD focus very well on some tasks while having great difficulty in focusing on other tasks they recognize as important? - How does brain development and functioning of persons with ADHD differ from others? - How do impairments of ADHD change from childhood through adolescence and in adulthood? - What treatments help to improve ADHD impairments? How do they work? Are they safe? - Why do those with ADHD have additional emotional, cognitive, and learning disorders more often than most others? - What commonly-held assumptions about ADHD have now been proven wrong by scientific research? Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other medical and mental health professionals, as well as those affected by ADHD and their families, will find this to be am insightful and invaluable resource.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Fourth Edition

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Fourth Edition PDF Author: Russell A. Barkley
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462538878
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 898

Get Book

Book Description
Widely regarded as the standard clinical reference, this volume provides the best current knowledge about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents, and adults. The field's leading authorities address all aspects of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment, including psychological therapies and pharmacotherapy. Core components of ADHD are elucidated. The volume explores the impact of the disorder across a wide range of functional domains--behavior, learning, psychological adjustment, school and vocational outcomes, and health. All chapters conclude with user-friendly Key Clinical Points. New to This Edition *Reflects significant advances in research and clinical practice. *Expanded with many new authors and new topics. *Chapters on cutting-edge interventions: social skills training, dietary management, executive function training, driving risk interventions, complementary/alternative medicine, and therapies for adults. *Chapters on the nature of the disorder: neuropsychological aspects, emotional dysregulation, peer relationships, child- and adult-specific domains of impairment, sluggish cognitive tempo, and more.

The Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood

The Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood PDF Author: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199795614
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 560

Get Book

Book Description
In recent decades, the lives of people in their late teens and twenties have changed so dramatically that a new stage of life has developed. In an original paper published in 2000, Jeffrey Jensen Arnett identified this period, coining it "emerging adulthood," and he distinguished it from both the adolescence that precedes it and the young adulthood that comes in its wake. His new paradigm received a surge of scholarly attention after his first book on the topic launched the field, and both a flourishing society and journal developed to further expand this area of research. Studies and publications on emerging adulthood now abound, and the leading research has yet to be organized into a single handbook that covers the field. The Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood is the first and only comprehensive compilation spanning the field of emerging adulthood. Expertly edited by Arnett, this Handbook is comprised of cutting-edge chapters written by leading scholars in developmental psychology. Topics include theoretical perspectives and structural influences in the field; cognitive development during emerging adulthood; family, friendship, and romantic relationships; sexual identity and orientation; education and work; leisure and media use; mental health; religious and political beliefs; positive development; and substance abuse and crime, to name a few. Sure to be the definitive resource for researchers, scholars, and students studying emerging adulthood, this Handbook will pave the way for new scholarship in this expanding area of inquiry and serve as an excellent resource for the wider field of developmental psychology.

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults PDF Author: Thomas E. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135079463
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 208

Get Book

Book Description
For over 100 years, ADHD has been seen as essentially a behavior disorder. Recent scientific research has developed a new paradigm which recognizes ADHD as a developmental disorder of the cognitive management system of the brain, its executive functions. This cutting-edge book pulls together key ideas of this new understanding of ADHD, explaining them and describing in understandable language scientific research that supports this new model. It addresses questions like: - Why can those with ADHD focus very well on some tasks while having great difficulty in focusing on other tasks they recognize as important? - How does brain development and functioning of persons with ADHD differ from others? - How do impairments of ADHD change from childhood through adolescence and in adulthood? - What treatments help to improve ADHD impairments? How do they work? Are they safe? - Why do those with ADHD have additional emotional, cognitive, and learning disorders more often than most others? - What commonly-held assumptions about ADHD have now been proven wrong by scientific research? Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other medical and mental health professionals, as well as those affected by ADHD and their families, will find this to be am insightful and invaluable resource.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD PDF Author: J. Russell Ramsay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135072175
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 311

Get Book

Book Description
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD: An Integrative Psychosocial and Medical Approach has been revised, updated, and expanded for this second edition and remains the definitive book for clinicians seeking to treat adults with ADHD. Clinicians will continue to benefit from the presentation of an evidence-supported treatment approach for adults with ADHD that combines cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy adapted for this challenging clinical population. The updated edition of the book offers new and expanded case examples, and the authors emphasize more detailed, clinician-friendly "how to" instructions for the delivery of specific interventions for adult patients with ADHD. Understanding that most adults with ADHD say, "I know exactly what I need to do, but I just cannot make myself do it," the book pays special attention to the use of implementation strategies to help patients carry out the necessary coping skills to achieve improvements in functioning and well-being in their daily lives. In addition to providing an outline of their treatment approach, Drs. Ramsay and Rostain provide an up-to-date review of the current scientific understanding of the etiology, developmental course, and life outcomes of adults with ADHD as well as the components of an thorough diagnostic evaluation. As an added clinical resource, Drs. Ramsay and Rostain have also produced a companion patient handbook written for adults with ADHD, The Adult ADHD Tool Kit: Using CBT to Facilitate Coping Inside and Out, which clinicians can use with their patients.

ADHD in Adolescents

ADHD in Adolescents PDF Author: Stephen P. Becker
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462541836
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 426

Get Book

Book Description
Bringing together leading authorities, this much-needed volume synthesizes current knowledge about the nature, impact, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the crucial developmental period of adolescence. Contributors explore the distinct challenges facing teens with ADHD as they navigate intensifying academic demands; new risks in the areas of driving, substance use, and romantic relationships; and co-occurring mental health problems. Best practices in clinical assessment are presented. Chapters on treatment--several of which include illustrative case examples--review interventions targeting motivation, executive functioning, and homework problems, as well as applications of cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness. The book also examines medication issues specific to this age group.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder PDF Author: Lily Hechtman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190213582
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 312

Get Book

Book Description
The book provides a comprehensive summary of the best known and most highly respected well-controlled long-term prospective follow-up studies in ADHD. These studies followed children with ADHD and matched controls into young adulthood (mean age 20-25 years) and middle-age (mean age 41 years). They explore a wide variety of outcome areas, e.g. education, occupation, emotional and psychiatric functioning, substance use and abuse, sexual behavior, as well as legal problems. One chapter focuses particularly on the outcome of girls with ADHD. Outcome areas explored are thus comprehensive and clinically very relevant. The book also explores the possible predictors of adult outcome. A whole chapter is devoted to treatment (medication and psychosocial) as a predictor of outcome. In addition to treatment, predictors explored include characteristics of the child (e.g., IQ, severity of initial ADHD symptoms, initial comorbidity characteristics of the family, e.g., socioeconomic status, single parenthood, parental pathology, and family functioning. In a summary chapter, the impact and importance of these various predictors in different outcome areas, e.g. education, occupation, emotional/social functioning, antisocial behavior, substance use and abuse and risky sexual and driving behaviors are explored. In summary, the book provides a comprehensive view of the prognosis, e.g., long-term outcome of ADHD and key factors which can influence this outcome. Professionals and the general public will thus get a clear view of what can happen to children with ADHD as they proceed through adolescence and adulthood and address important prognostic and predictive factors in their treatment approaches to ensure better long-term outcome in patients with ADHD.

Impairment, Executive Function, and Symptoms: Understanding ADHD in Emerging Adulthood

Impairment, Executive Function, and Symptoms: Understanding ADHD in Emerging Adulthood PDF Author: Morgan M. Dorr
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 86

View

Book Description
While Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychological disorders diagnosed during development, adult ADHD remains vastly under recognized and undertreated. In an effort to better understand current issues with adult ADHD assessment, this study examined the relationship between symptoms, impairment, and executive functioning. Results indicate that among individuals who screened negative for ADHD, those higher in executive function reported experiencing significantly less impairment than those lower in executive function. Executive function was shown to have a negative relationship with impairment and ADHD symptomology was shown to have a positive relationship with impairment. Additionally, impairment was significantly predicted by ADHD symptoms and executive function, and there was a significant interaction between executive function and ADHD symptoms in predicting impairment. Understanding the relationship between executive function, ADHD symptoms, and impairment is critically important in better understanding adult ADHD.

Impairment in Adult ADHD

Impairment in Adult ADHD PDF Author: Morgan M. Dorr
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 60

View

Book Description
While Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains one of the most common psychological disorders diagnosed, current understanding of the disorders expression and factors contributing to impairment in early adulthood remains limited. In an effort to better understand current issues with ADHD assessment and treatment in emerging adults, this study aimed to examine relationships between symptoms, executive function (EF), sleep, and impairment. Overall results of this study indicate that together, ADHD symptoms, EF, and sleep account for a significant proportion of variance in impairment. Additionally, results indicate that EF moderates the relationship between ADHD symptoms and impairment, and that sleep may be a protective factor for adults. Specifically, this study found that when compared to individuals reporting more sleep problems, the effect of ADHD symptoms and EF on impairment was much weaker among individuals reporting fewer sleep problems. Understanding the relationship between ADHD symptoms, EF, and sleep is critically important in better understanding adult ADHD and in informing assessment and treatment strategies to more effectively reduce impairment.

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults PDF Author: Thomas E. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135079471
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 192

View

Book Description
For over 100 years, ADHD has been seen as essentially a behavior disorder. Recent scientific research has developed a new paradigm which recognizes ADHD as a developmental disorder of the cognitive management system of the brain, its executive functions. This cutting-edge book pulls together key ideas of this new understanding of ADHD, explaining them and describing in understandable language scientific research that supports this new model. It addresses questions like: - Why can those with ADHD focus very well on some tasks while having great difficulty in focusing on other tasks they recognize as important? - How does brain development and functioning of persons with ADHD differ from others? - How do impairments of ADHD change from childhood through adolescence and in adulthood? - What treatments help to improve ADHD impairments? How do they work? Are they safe? - Why do those with ADHD have additional emotional, cognitive, and learning disorders more often than most others? - What commonly-held assumptions about ADHD have now been proven wrong by scientific research? Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other medical and mental health professionals, as well as those affected by ADHD and their families, will find this to be am insightful and invaluable resource.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Fourth Edition

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Fourth Edition PDF Author: Russell A. Barkley
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462538878
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 898

View

Book Description
Widely regarded as the standard clinical reference, this volume provides the best current knowledge about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents, and adults. The field's leading authorities address all aspects of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment, including psychological therapies and pharmacotherapy. Core components of ADHD are elucidated. The volume explores the impact of the disorder across a wide range of functional domains--behavior, learning, psychological adjustment, school and vocational outcomes, and health. All chapters conclude with user-friendly Key Clinical Points. New to This Edition *Reflects significant advances in research and clinical practice. *Expanded with many new authors and new topics. *Chapters on cutting-edge interventions: social skills training, dietary management, executive function training, driving risk interventions, complementary/alternative medicine, and therapies for adults. *Chapters on the nature of the disorder: neuropsychological aspects, emotional dysregulation, peer relationships, child- and adult-specific domains of impairment, sluggish cognitive tempo, and more.

The Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood

The Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood PDF Author: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199795614
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 560

View

Book Description
In recent decades, the lives of people in their late teens and twenties have changed so dramatically that a new stage of life has developed. In an original paper published in 2000, Jeffrey Jensen Arnett identified this period, coining it "emerging adulthood," and he distinguished it from both the adolescence that precedes it and the young adulthood that comes in its wake. His new paradigm received a surge of scholarly attention after his first book on the topic launched the field, and both a flourishing society and journal developed to further expand this area of research. Studies and publications on emerging adulthood now abound, and the leading research has yet to be organized into a single handbook that covers the field. The Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood is the first and only comprehensive compilation spanning the field of emerging adulthood. Expertly edited by Arnett, this Handbook is comprised of cutting-edge chapters written by leading scholars in developmental psychology. Topics include theoretical perspectives and structural influences in the field; cognitive development during emerging adulthood; family, friendship, and romantic relationships; sexual identity and orientation; education and work; leisure and media use; mental health; religious and political beliefs; positive development; and substance abuse and crime, to name a few. Sure to be the definitive resource for researchers, scholars, and students studying emerging adulthood, this Handbook will pave the way for new scholarship in this expanding area of inquiry and serve as an excellent resource for the wider field of developmental psychology.

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults PDF Author: Thomas E. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135079463
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 208

View

Book Description
For over 100 years, ADHD has been seen as essentially a behavior disorder. Recent scientific research has developed a new paradigm which recognizes ADHD as a developmental disorder of the cognitive management system of the brain, its executive functions. This cutting-edge book pulls together key ideas of this new understanding of ADHD, explaining them and describing in understandable language scientific research that supports this new model. It addresses questions like: - Why can those with ADHD focus very well on some tasks while having great difficulty in focusing on other tasks they recognize as important? - How does brain development and functioning of persons with ADHD differ from others? - How do impairments of ADHD change from childhood through adolescence and in adulthood? - What treatments help to improve ADHD impairments? How do they work? Are they safe? - Why do those with ADHD have additional emotional, cognitive, and learning disorders more often than most others? - What commonly-held assumptions about ADHD have now been proven wrong by scientific research? Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other medical and mental health professionals, as well as those affected by ADHD and their families, will find this to be am insightful and invaluable resource.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD PDF Author: J. Russell Ramsay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135072175
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 311

View

Book Description
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD: An Integrative Psychosocial and Medical Approach has been revised, updated, and expanded for this second edition and remains the definitive book for clinicians seeking to treat adults with ADHD. Clinicians will continue to benefit from the presentation of an evidence-supported treatment approach for adults with ADHD that combines cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy adapted for this challenging clinical population. The updated edition of the book offers new and expanded case examples, and the authors emphasize more detailed, clinician-friendly "how to" instructions for the delivery of specific interventions for adult patients with ADHD. Understanding that most adults with ADHD say, "I know exactly what I need to do, but I just cannot make myself do it," the book pays special attention to the use of implementation strategies to help patients carry out the necessary coping skills to achieve improvements in functioning and well-being in their daily lives. In addition to providing an outline of their treatment approach, Drs. Ramsay and Rostain provide an up-to-date review of the current scientific understanding of the etiology, developmental course, and life outcomes of adults with ADHD as well as the components of an thorough diagnostic evaluation. As an added clinical resource, Drs. Ramsay and Rostain have also produced a companion patient handbook written for adults with ADHD, The Adult ADHD Tool Kit: Using CBT to Facilitate Coping Inside and Out, which clinicians can use with their patients.

Children With Multiple Mental Health Challenges

Children With Multiple Mental Health Challenges PDF Author: Sarah Landy
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826199593
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 550

View

Book Description
Print+CourseSmart

ADHD in Adolescents

ADHD in Adolescents PDF Author: Stephen P. Becker
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462541836
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 426

View

Book Description
Bringing together leading authorities, this much-needed volume synthesizes current knowledge about the nature, impact, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the crucial developmental period of adolescence. Contributors explore the distinct challenges facing teens with ADHD as they navigate intensifying academic demands; new risks in the areas of driving, substance use, and romantic relationships; and co-occurring mental health problems. Best practices in clinical assessment are presented. Chapters on treatment--several of which include illustrative case examples--review interventions targeting motivation, executive functioning, and homework problems, as well as applications of cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness. The book also examines medication issues specific to this age group.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder PDF Author: Lily Hechtman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190213582
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 312

View

Book Description
The book provides a comprehensive summary of the best known and most highly respected well-controlled long-term prospective follow-up studies in ADHD. These studies followed children with ADHD and matched controls into young adulthood (mean age 20-25 years) and middle-age (mean age 41 years). They explore a wide variety of outcome areas, e.g. education, occupation, emotional and psychiatric functioning, substance use and abuse, sexual behavior, as well as legal problems. One chapter focuses particularly on the outcome of girls with ADHD. Outcome areas explored are thus comprehensive and clinically very relevant. The book also explores the possible predictors of adult outcome. A whole chapter is devoted to treatment (medication and psychosocial) as a predictor of outcome. In addition to treatment, predictors explored include characteristics of the child (e.g., IQ, severity of initial ADHD symptoms, initial comorbidity characteristics of the family, e.g., socioeconomic status, single parenthood, parental pathology, and family functioning. In a summary chapter, the impact and importance of these various predictors in different outcome areas, e.g. education, occupation, emotional/social functioning, antisocial behavior, substance use and abuse and risky sexual and driving behaviors are explored. In summary, the book provides a comprehensive view of the prognosis, e.g., long-term outcome of ADHD and key factors which can influence this outcome. Professionals and the general public will thus get a clear view of what can happen to children with ADHD as they proceed through adolescence and adulthood and address important prognostic and predictive factors in their treatment approaches to ensure better long-term outcome in patients with ADHD.