Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors

Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors PDF Author: Allan J. Greer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662140369
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 163

Get Book

Book Description
Superconductors have been known about since the turn ofthe century. Recently there has been a renewed interest with the discovery of the new, high-Tc materials since 1986[1]. These compounds become superconducting at much warmer temperatures than any pre viously known. In fact, many of tthem superconduct at temperatures above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, making the observation of the transition both accessible and inexpensive. It was obvious immediately that these materials could have a tremendous technological impact, or lead to further materials with even higher transitions. For this reason there has been an intense effort by scientists in both academia and industry to study these materials. The scientificand industrial communitieshope to learn what makes these materials work. For, learning how these materials work not only increases mankind's overall knowledge of his world, but could make some person or company quite successful if the information were used and developed correctly.

Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors

Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors PDF Author: Allan J. Greer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540492143
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 163

Get Book

Book Description
Superconductors have been known about since the turn ofthe century. Recently there has been a renewed interest with the discovery of the new, high-Tc materials since 1986[1]. These compounds become superconducting at much warmer temperatures than any pre viously known. In fact, many of tthem superconduct at temperatures above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, making the observation of the transition both accessible and inexpensive. It was obvious immediately that these materials could have a tremendous technological impact, or lead to further materials with even higher transitions. For this reason there has been an intense effort by scientists in both academia and industry to study these materials. The scientificand industrial communitieshope to learn what makes these materials work. For, learning how these materials work not only increases mankind's overall knowledge of his world, but could make some person or company quite successful if the information were used and developed correctly.

Advances in Superconductivity VIII

Advances in Superconductivity VIII PDF Author: Hisao Hayakawa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431668713
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 1382

Get Book

Book Description
Since the discovery of superconductivity with trans1tton temperatures above 77 K, concentrated research activities toward the exploration of practical applica tions of these materials have been carried out. Currently, a remarkable improve ment in superconducting properties has been achieved due to the fine optimization of fabrication processes, and this has attracted industrial interest for future applications. In the case of NdBa Cu 0 materials, a new pinning mecha 2 3 7 nism was found which enhances the critical current under applied magnetic fields. In single crystals of these materials, oxygen control results in an increase in the growth rate. The metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) film quality has been improved by using a new liquid raw material. Simultaneously, real demands from the viewpoint of the market start to be a motivation force, es pecially in electronics application where some products are already being sold. At the same time, interesting physical properlies have been obtained from a new superconducting single crystal which has a layered perovskite structure without copper. In addition, various precision measurement techniques have confirmed the d-wave mechanism and the existence of intrinsicJosephson junctions in single crystals. These new phenomena challenge the existing theoretical models but also open the way for new applications. These significant areas of progress in materials science have led high-Tc super conductivity research into the next phase of activity, while fundamental research continues to be very important. I sincerely hope that this volume will give further impetus to this development.

The Superconducting State in Magnetic Fields

The Superconducting State in Magnetic Fields PDF Author: Carlos A. R. Sa de Melo
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810235666
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344

Get Book

Book Description
This volume is an exciting collection of short review articles written by leading international experts on the superconducting state in magnetic fields, a rapidly developing area. The philosophy of the book is to emphasize the importance of having experimental and theoretical works side by side. Every effort has been made to match each experimental article with a corresponding theoretical article. The selection of materials includes special topics, new effects and new trends concerning superconductors in low and high magnetic fields. The special topics and new trends include quantum and classical melting of the vortex lattice, new vortex lattice symmetries, vortex core states, nonlinear Meissner effect, symmetry of the order parameter in high-temperature superconductors, and superconductors in high magnetic fields. The book is targeted at a broad audience, including graduate students, postdocs and other researchers active or interested in this field.

Superconducting Ceramics - Proceedings Of The 12th Winter Meeting On Low Temperature Physics

Superconducting Ceramics - Proceedings Of The 12th Winter Meeting On Low Temperature Physics PDF Author: Heiras J L
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814555282
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 200

Get Book

Book Description
This proceedings volume records the advances in quantum beam physics since the first meeting in Monterey (1998). In addition to further progress regarding quantum effects in beam dynamics, photon-electron interaction in beam handling, beam phenomena under strong fields, and quantum methodologies in beam physics, the newly introduced topics — the physics of condensed beams as well as astro-beam physics and laboratory astrophysics — have also been well documented by world experts in the field.This book should be a valuable reference to those who are interested in the joint frontiers of beam physics and other fields such as astrophysics and condensed matter physics.

Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV

Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV PDF Author: G Boebinger
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814488968
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544

Get Book

Book Description
Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV (PPHMF-IV) was the fourth in the series of conferences sponsored by the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL). The success of PPHMF-I, II and III, held in 1991, 1995 and 1998 respectively, encouraged the organizers to once again bring together experts in scientific research areas where high magnetic fields play an important role, to critically assess the current status of research in these areas, and to discuss promising new directions in science, as well as applications which are in the forefront of these fields. Contents:Semiconductors/QHEHeavy FermionsMolecular ConductorsQuantum Solids and LiquidsSuperconductivityMagnetism and Magnetic PhenomenaOther Aspects of Studies in High Magnetic FieldsInstrumentation and Facility Development of High Magnetic Fields Readership: Graduate students, researchers and engineers in condensed matter physics, superconductivity, applied physics, computational mathematics and nuclear medicine. Keywords:

Quasi-One-Dimensional Organic Superconductors

Quasi-One-Dimensional Organic Superconductors PDF Author: Zhang Wei
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813272961
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 300

Get Book

Book Description
The book includes a thorough description of a wide range of physical properties of organic superconductors of reduced dimensionality. The authors start with an overview of the field followed by a background discussion and selected experimental topics. A critical discussion of theoretical proposals is presented under the constraints of experimental observations and exciting possibilities for the symmetry of the order parameter are presented, including the cases of inhomogeneous superconducting states and triplet superconductivity. The possible origins of Cooper pairing are explored and tests to detect experimentally the pairing symmetry are described in detail. The book ends with a discussion of important open questions, where the search for their answers will keep the field alive for the next decade.

Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition PDF Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1481696912
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 814

Get Book

Book Description
Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about ZZZAdditional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

High Magnetic Fields

High Magnetic Fields PDF Author: Claude Berthier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 354045649X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 493

Get Book

Book Description
This book is addressed to all scientists interested in the use of high magnetic ?elds and in the use of high-?eld facilities around the world. In particular it will help young scientists and newcomers to the topic to gain a better understanding in areas such as condensed matter physics, in which the magnetic ?eld plays a key role either as a parameter controlling the Hamiltonian, or as an experimental tool to probe the underlying mechanism. This concerns mostly strongly correlated and (or) low dimensional systems. Rather than covering all these subjects in detail, the philosophy here is to give essential physical concepts in some of the most active ?elds, which have been quickly growing in the last ten to twenty years. Besides its role as a physical parameter in condensed matter physics, a large magnetic ?eld is essential to Electron Paramagentic Resonance (EPR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopies. The state of art of high resolution NMRin liquids and solids and high frequency EPRapplied to ?elds like chemistry and biology are also reviewed in this volume. The ?rst series of chapters is devoted to the integer and the Fractional Qu- tum Hall E?ects (FQHE) in two-dimensional electron systems. C. Glattli brushes an historical background and a comprehensive review of transport phenomena in these systems, including recent developments on the mesoscopic electronic transport at the edges of quantum Hall samples, chiral Luttinger liquids and fractional excitations. R.

Vortices and Nanostructured Superconductors

Vortices and Nanostructured Superconductors PDF Author: Adrian Crisan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319593552
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 259

Get Book

Book Description
This book provides expert coverage of modern and novel aspects of the study of vortex matter, dynamics, and pinning in nanostructured and multi-component superconductors. Vortex matter in superconducting materials is a field of enormous beauty and intellectual challenge, which began with the theoretical prediction of vortices by A. Abrikosov (Nobel Laureate). Vortices, vortex dynamics, and pinning are key features in many of today’s human endeavors: from the huge superconducting accelerating magnets and detectors at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, which opened new windows of knowledge on the universe, to the tiny superconducting transceivers using Rapid Single Flux Quanta, which have opened a revolutionary means of communication. In recent years, two new features have added to the intrinsic beauty and complexity of the subject: nanostructured/nanoengineered superconductors, and the discovery of a range of new materials showing multi-component (multi-gap) superconductivity. In this book, leading researchers survey the most exciting and important recent developments in the field. Topics covered include: the use of scanning Hall probe microscopy to visualize interactions of a single vortex with pinning centers; Magneto-Optical Imaging for investigating what vortex avalanches are, why they appear, and how they can be controlled; and the vortex interactions responsible for the second magnetization peak. Other chapters discuss nanoengineered pinning centers of vortices for improved current-carrying capabilities, current anisotropy in cryomagnetic devices in relation to the pinning landscape, and the new physics associated with the discovery of new superconducting materials with multi-component superconductivity. The book offers something for almost everybody interested in the field: from experimental techniques to visualize vortices and study their dynamics, to a state-of-the-art theoretical microscopic approach to multicomponent superconductivity.

Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors

Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors PDF Author: Allan J. Greer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662140369
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 163

View

Book Description
Superconductors have been known about since the turn ofthe century. Recently there has been a renewed interest with the discovery of the new, high-Tc materials since 1986[1]. These compounds become superconducting at much warmer temperatures than any pre viously known. In fact, many of tthem superconduct at temperatures above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, making the observation of the transition both accessible and inexpensive. It was obvious immediately that these materials could have a tremendous technological impact, or lead to further materials with even higher transitions. For this reason there has been an intense effort by scientists in both academia and industry to study these materials. The scientificand industrial communitieshope to learn what makes these materials work. For, learning how these materials work not only increases mankind's overall knowledge of his world, but could make some person or company quite successful if the information were used and developed correctly.

Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors

Low Magnetic Fields in Anisotropic Superconductors PDF Author: Allan J. Greer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540492143
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 163

View

Book Description
Superconductors have been known about since the turn ofthe century. Recently there has been a renewed interest with the discovery of the new, high-Tc materials since 1986[1]. These compounds become superconducting at much warmer temperatures than any pre viously known. In fact, many of tthem superconduct at temperatures above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, making the observation of the transition both accessible and inexpensive. It was obvious immediately that these materials could have a tremendous technological impact, or lead to further materials with even higher transitions. For this reason there has been an intense effort by scientists in both academia and industry to study these materials. The scientificand industrial communitieshope to learn what makes these materials work. For, learning how these materials work not only increases mankind's overall knowledge of his world, but could make some person or company quite successful if the information were used and developed correctly.

Advances in Superconductivity VIII

Advances in Superconductivity VIII PDF Author: Hisao Hayakawa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431668713
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 1382

View

Book Description
Since the discovery of superconductivity with trans1tton temperatures above 77 K, concentrated research activities toward the exploration of practical applica tions of these materials have been carried out. Currently, a remarkable improve ment in superconducting properties has been achieved due to the fine optimization of fabrication processes, and this has attracted industrial interest for future applications. In the case of NdBa Cu 0 materials, a new pinning mecha 2 3 7 nism was found which enhances the critical current under applied magnetic fields. In single crystals of these materials, oxygen control results in an increase in the growth rate. The metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) film quality has been improved by using a new liquid raw material. Simultaneously, real demands from the viewpoint of the market start to be a motivation force, es pecially in electronics application where some products are already being sold. At the same time, interesting physical properlies have been obtained from a new superconducting single crystal which has a layered perovskite structure without copper. In addition, various precision measurement techniques have confirmed the d-wave mechanism and the existence of intrinsicJosephson junctions in single crystals. These new phenomena challenge the existing theoretical models but also open the way for new applications. These significant areas of progress in materials science have led high-Tc super conductivity research into the next phase of activity, while fundamental research continues to be very important. I sincerely hope that this volume will give further impetus to this development.

The Superconducting State in Magnetic Fields

The Superconducting State in Magnetic Fields PDF Author: Carlos A. R. Sa de Melo
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810235666
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344

View

Book Description
This volume is an exciting collection of short review articles written by leading international experts on the superconducting state in magnetic fields, a rapidly developing area. The philosophy of the book is to emphasize the importance of having experimental and theoretical works side by side. Every effort has been made to match each experimental article with a corresponding theoretical article. The selection of materials includes special topics, new effects and new trends concerning superconductors in low and high magnetic fields. The special topics and new trends include quantum and classical melting of the vortex lattice, new vortex lattice symmetries, vortex core states, nonlinear Meissner effect, symmetry of the order parameter in high-temperature superconductors, and superconductors in high magnetic fields. The book is targeted at a broad audience, including graduate students, postdocs and other researchers active or interested in this field.

Superconducting Ceramics - Proceedings Of The 12th Winter Meeting On Low Temperature Physics

Superconducting Ceramics - Proceedings Of The 12th Winter Meeting On Low Temperature Physics PDF Author: Heiras J L
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814555282
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 200

View

Book Description
This proceedings volume records the advances in quantum beam physics since the first meeting in Monterey (1998). In addition to further progress regarding quantum effects in beam dynamics, photon-electron interaction in beam handling, beam phenomena under strong fields, and quantum methodologies in beam physics, the newly introduced topics — the physics of condensed beams as well as astro-beam physics and laboratory astrophysics — have also been well documented by world experts in the field.This book should be a valuable reference to those who are interested in the joint frontiers of beam physics and other fields such as astrophysics and condensed matter physics.

Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV

Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV PDF Author: G Boebinger
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814488968
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544

View

Book Description
Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV (PPHMF-IV) was the fourth in the series of conferences sponsored by the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL). The success of PPHMF-I, II and III, held in 1991, 1995 and 1998 respectively, encouraged the organizers to once again bring together experts in scientific research areas where high magnetic fields play an important role, to critically assess the current status of research in these areas, and to discuss promising new directions in science, as well as applications which are in the forefront of these fields. Contents:Semiconductors/QHEHeavy FermionsMolecular ConductorsQuantum Solids and LiquidsSuperconductivityMagnetism and Magnetic PhenomenaOther Aspects of Studies in High Magnetic FieldsInstrumentation and Facility Development of High Magnetic Fields Readership: Graduate students, researchers and engineers in condensed matter physics, superconductivity, applied physics, computational mathematics and nuclear medicine. Keywords:

Quasi-One-Dimensional Organic Superconductors

Quasi-One-Dimensional Organic Superconductors PDF Author: Zhang Wei
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813272961
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 300

View

Book Description
The book includes a thorough description of a wide range of physical properties of organic superconductors of reduced dimensionality. The authors start with an overview of the field followed by a background discussion and selected experimental topics. A critical discussion of theoretical proposals is presented under the constraints of experimental observations and exciting possibilities for the symmetry of the order parameter are presented, including the cases of inhomogeneous superconducting states and triplet superconductivity. The possible origins of Cooper pairing are explored and tests to detect experimentally the pairing symmetry are described in detail. The book ends with a discussion of important open questions, where the search for their answers will keep the field alive for the next decade.

Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition PDF Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1481696912
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 814

View

Book Description
Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about ZZZAdditional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Alloys—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

High Magnetic Fields

High Magnetic Fields PDF Author: Claude Berthier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 354045649X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 493

View

Book Description
This book is addressed to all scientists interested in the use of high magnetic ?elds and in the use of high-?eld facilities around the world. In particular it will help young scientists and newcomers to the topic to gain a better understanding in areas such as condensed matter physics, in which the magnetic ?eld plays a key role either as a parameter controlling the Hamiltonian, or as an experimental tool to probe the underlying mechanism. This concerns mostly strongly correlated and (or) low dimensional systems. Rather than covering all these subjects in detail, the philosophy here is to give essential physical concepts in some of the most active ?elds, which have been quickly growing in the last ten to twenty years. Besides its role as a physical parameter in condensed matter physics, a large magnetic ?eld is essential to Electron Paramagentic Resonance (EPR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopies. The state of art of high resolution NMRin liquids and solids and high frequency EPRapplied to ?elds like chemistry and biology are also reviewed in this volume. The ?rst series of chapters is devoted to the integer and the Fractional Qu- tum Hall E?ects (FQHE) in two-dimensional electron systems. C. Glattli brushes an historical background and a comprehensive review of transport phenomena in these systems, including recent developments on the mesoscopic electronic transport at the edges of quantum Hall samples, chiral Luttinger liquids and fractional excitations. R.

Vortices and Nanostructured Superconductors

Vortices and Nanostructured Superconductors PDF Author: Adrian Crisan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319593552
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 259

View

Book Description
This book provides expert coverage of modern and novel aspects of the study of vortex matter, dynamics, and pinning in nanostructured and multi-component superconductors. Vortex matter in superconducting materials is a field of enormous beauty and intellectual challenge, which began with the theoretical prediction of vortices by A. Abrikosov (Nobel Laureate). Vortices, vortex dynamics, and pinning are key features in many of today’s human endeavors: from the huge superconducting accelerating magnets and detectors at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, which opened new windows of knowledge on the universe, to the tiny superconducting transceivers using Rapid Single Flux Quanta, which have opened a revolutionary means of communication. In recent years, two new features have added to the intrinsic beauty and complexity of the subject: nanostructured/nanoengineered superconductors, and the discovery of a range of new materials showing multi-component (multi-gap) superconductivity. In this book, leading researchers survey the most exciting and important recent developments in the field. Topics covered include: the use of scanning Hall probe microscopy to visualize interactions of a single vortex with pinning centers; Magneto-Optical Imaging for investigating what vortex avalanches are, why they appear, and how they can be controlled; and the vortex interactions responsible for the second magnetization peak. Other chapters discuss nanoengineered pinning centers of vortices for improved current-carrying capabilities, current anisotropy in cryomagnetic devices in relation to the pinning landscape, and the new physics associated with the discovery of new superconducting materials with multi-component superconductivity. The book offers something for almost everybody interested in the field: from experimental techniques to visualize vortices and study their dynamics, to a state-of-the-art theoretical microscopic approach to multicomponent superconductivity.