Jerusalem Falls

Jerusalem Falls PDF Author: John D. Hosler
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300268696
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 361

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Book Description
The first full account of the medieval struggle for Jerusalem, from the seventh to the thirteenth century The history of Jerusalem is one of conflict, faith, and empire. Few cities have been attacked as often and as savagely. This was no less true in the Middle Ages. From the Persian sack in 614 through the bloody First Crusade and beyond, Jerusalem changed hands countless times. But despite these horrific acts of violence, its story during this period is also one of interfaith tolerance and accord. In this gripping history, John D. Hosler explores the great clashes and delicate settlements of medieval Jerusalem. He examines the city’s many sieges and considers the experiences of its inhabitants of all faiths. The city’s conquerors consistently acknowledged and reinforced the rights of those religious minorities over which they ruled. Deeply researched, this account reveals the way in which Jerusalem’s past has been constructed on partial histories—and urges us to reckon with the city’s broader historical contours.

Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition

Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition PDF Author: Graham Speake
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135942064
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1500

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Book Description
Hellenism is the living culture of the Greek-speaking peoples and has a continuing history of more than 3,500 years. The Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition contains approximately 900 entries devoted to people, places, periods, events, and themes, examining every aspect of that culture from the Bronze Age to the present day. The focus throughout is on the Greeks themselves, and the continuities within their own cultural tradition. Language and religion are perhaps the most obvious vehicles of continuity; but there have been many others--law, taxation, gardens, music, magic, education, shipping, and countless other elements have all played their part in maintaining this unique culture. Today, Greek arts have blossomed again; Greece has taken its place in the European Union; Greeks control a substantial proportion of the world's merchant marine; and Greek communities in the United States, Australia, and South Africa have carried the Hellenic tradition throughout the world. This is the first reference work to embrace all aspects of that tradition in every period of its existence.

Mercenaries in Medieval and Renaissance Europe

Mercenaries in Medieval and Renaissance Europe PDF Author: Hunt Janin
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476612072
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 220

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Book Description
In medieval and Renaissance Europe, mercenaries—professional soldiers who fought for money or other rewards—played violent, colorful, international roles in warfare, but they have received relatively little scholarly attention. In this book a large number of vignettes portray their activities in Western Europe over a period of nearly 900 years, from the Merovingian mercenaries of 752 through the Thirty Years’ War, which ended in 1648. Intended as an introduction to the subject and drawing heavily on contemporary first-person accounts, the book creates a vivid but balanced mosaic of the many thousands of mercenaries who were hired to fight for various employers.

A/AS Level History for AQA The Age of the Crusades, c1071–1204 Student Book

A/AS Level History for AQA The Age of the Crusades, c1071–1204 Student Book PDF Author: Richard Kerridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107587255
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 119

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Book Description
A new series of bespoke, full-coverage resources developed for the AQA 2015 A/AS Level History. Written for the AQA A/AS Level History specifications for first teaching from 2015, this print Student Book covers The Age of the Crusades, c1071-1204 Breadth component. Completely matched to the new AQA specification, this full-colour Student Book provides valuable background information to contextualise the period of study. Supporting students in developing their critical thinking, research and written communication skills, it also encourages them to make links between different time periods, topics and historical themes.

Famous Battles of the Medieval Period

Famous Battles of the Medieval Period PDF Author: Chris McNab
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 1502632470
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 104

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Book Description
The battles waged from 476 to 1485 demonstrate the complexity and importance of the medieval era. Combatants included the English, French, Muslims, Mongols, and crusaders, and their victories and failures laid the foundations of modern history. This book brings battles like the Battle of Tours and the Battle of Agincourt into sharp focus, and gives context to the warfare of the Middle Ages.

Turkish Myth and Muslim Symbol

Turkish Myth and Muslim Symbol PDF Author: Carole Hillenbrand
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631151
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Turks ruled the Middle East for a millennium and eastern Europe for many centuries and it is an undoubted fact that they moulded the lands under their dominion. It is therefore something of a paradox that the history of Turkey and aspects of the identity and role of the Turks, both as Muslims and as an ethnic group, still remain little known in the west and undervalued in the Arabic and Persian-speaking worlds. This book contributes to historical scholarship on Turkey by focusing on its key foundational myth, the battle of Manzikert in 1071--the Turkish equivalent of the battle of Hastings. Manzikert destroyed the hold of Christian Byzantium on eastern Turkey and opened the whole country to the spread of Islam, a process completed with the fall of Constantinople and Trebizond some four centuries later. Translations and a close analysis of all the extant Muslim sources--both Arabic and Persian--which deal with the battle of Manzikert are provided in the book. It also looks at these writings as literary works and vehicles of religious ideology and analyses the ongoing confrontation between the Muslim Turks and Christian Europe and the importance of Manzikert in the formation of the modern state of Turkey since 1923.

Masters of War

Masters of War PDF Author: DK
Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
ISBN: 0241556244
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
Explore the lives and achievements of history's most important military figures with this illustrated e-guide to military men and women. Featuring more than 100 key generals and military leaders from Alexander the Great to Winston Churchill, Masters of War takes you on a visual chronological journey of military history and the people behind the battles that have shaped it, starting in ancient Egypt and coming up to date with World War I, World War II, Vietnam War, and conflicts in the Middle East. Profiles include Julius Caesar, Charlemagne, Genghis Khan, Oliver Cromwell, Napoleon, Horatio Nelson, Otto von Bismarck, Simon Bolivar, Ulysses Grant, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, Mao Zedong, and many more. Biographies reveal the details of each leader's life and achievements, while paintings, photographs, and artefacts bring their stories to life. The ebook also features the uniforms and equipment of soldiers throughout history. Each object is accompanied with a short description of its importance, from the swords and spears of early warfare to the guns and uniforms of the modern era. (This ebook features US text).

Great Events in Religion: An Encyclopedia of Pivotal Events in Religious History [3 volumes]

Great Events in Religion: An Encyclopedia of Pivotal Events in Religious History [3 volumes] PDF Author: Florin Curta
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610695666
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 1047

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Book Description
This three-volume set presents fundamental information about the most important events in world religious history as well as substantive discussions of their significance and impact. • Presents readers with essential information about the chief events in religious history that will help them better understand world history and promote a greater respect for culturally diverse religious traditions • Provides cross-references and sidebars that cite print and electronic resources for further reading with each entry • Includes a selected, general bibliography of print and electronic resources suitable for student research

Aleppo

Aleppo PDF Author: Ross Burns
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1134844018
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
Aleppo is one of the longest-surviving cities of the ancient and Islamic Middle East. Until recently it enjoyed a thriving urban life—in particular an active traditional suq, whose origins can be traced across many centuries. Its tangle of streets still follow the Hellenistic grid and above it looms the great Citadel, which contains recently-uncovered remains of a Bronze/Iron Age temple complex, suggesting an even earlier role as a ‘high place’ in the Canaanite tradition. In the Arab Middle Ages, Aleppo was a strongpoint of the Islamic resistance to the Crusader presence. Its medieval Citadel is one of the most dramatic examples of a fortified enclosure in the Islamic tradition. In Mamluk and Ottoman times, the city took on a thriving commercial role and provided a base for the first European commercial factories and consulates in the Levant. Its commercial life funded a remarkable building tradition with some hundreds of the 600 or so officially-declared monuments dating from these eras, and its diverse ethnic mixture, with significant Kurdish, Turkish, Christian and Armenian communities provide a richer layering of influences on the city’s life. In this volume, Ross Burns explores the rich history of this important city, from its earliest history through to the modern era, providing a thorough treatment of this fascinating city history, accessible both to scholarly readers as well as to the general public interested in a factual and comprehensive survey of the city’s past.

Military Diasporas

Military Diasporas PDF Author: Georg Christ
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000774074
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 507

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Book Description
Military Diasporas proposes a new research approach to analyse the role of foreign military personnel as composite and partly imagined para-ethnic groups. These groups not only buttressed a state or empire’s military might but crucially connected, policed, and administered (parts of) realms as a transcultural and transimperial class while representing the polity’s universal or at least cosmopolitan aspirations at court or on diplomatic and military missions. Case studies of foreign militaries with a focus on their diasporic elements include the Achaemenid Empire, Ptolemaic Egypt, and the Roman Empire in the ancient world. These are followed by chapters on the Sassanid and Islamic occupation of Egypt, Byzantium, the Latin Aegean (Catalan Company) to Iberian Christian noblemen serving North African Islamic rulers, Mamluks and Italian Stradiots, followed by chapters on military diasporas in Hungary, the Teutonic Order including the Sword Brethren, and the Swiss military. The volume thus covers a broad band of military diasporic experiences and highlights aspects of their role in the building of state and empire from Antiquity to the late Middle Ages and from Persia via Egypt to the Baltic. With a broad chronological and geographic range, this volume is the ideal resource for upper-level undergraduates, postgraduates, and scholars interested in the history of war and warfare from Antiquity to the sixteenth century.

Jerusalem Falls

Jerusalem Falls PDF Author: John D. Hosler
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300268696
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 361

View

Book Description
The first full account of the medieval struggle for Jerusalem, from the seventh to the thirteenth century The history of Jerusalem is one of conflict, faith, and empire. Few cities have been attacked as often and as savagely. This was no less true in the Middle Ages. From the Persian sack in 614 through the bloody First Crusade and beyond, Jerusalem changed hands countless times. But despite these horrific acts of violence, its story during this period is also one of interfaith tolerance and accord. In this gripping history, John D. Hosler explores the great clashes and delicate settlements of medieval Jerusalem. He examines the city’s many sieges and considers the experiences of its inhabitants of all faiths. The city’s conquerors consistently acknowledged and reinforced the rights of those religious minorities over which they ruled. Deeply researched, this account reveals the way in which Jerusalem’s past has been constructed on partial histories—and urges us to reckon with the city’s broader historical contours.

Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition

Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition PDF Author: Graham Speake
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135942064
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1500

View

Book Description
Hellenism is the living culture of the Greek-speaking peoples and has a continuing history of more than 3,500 years. The Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition contains approximately 900 entries devoted to people, places, periods, events, and themes, examining every aspect of that culture from the Bronze Age to the present day. The focus throughout is on the Greeks themselves, and the continuities within their own cultural tradition. Language and religion are perhaps the most obvious vehicles of continuity; but there have been many others--law, taxation, gardens, music, magic, education, shipping, and countless other elements have all played their part in maintaining this unique culture. Today, Greek arts have blossomed again; Greece has taken its place in the European Union; Greeks control a substantial proportion of the world's merchant marine; and Greek communities in the United States, Australia, and South Africa have carried the Hellenic tradition throughout the world. This is the first reference work to embrace all aspects of that tradition in every period of its existence.

Mercenaries in Medieval and Renaissance Europe

Mercenaries in Medieval and Renaissance Europe PDF Author: Hunt Janin
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476612072
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 220

View

Book Description
In medieval and Renaissance Europe, mercenaries—professional soldiers who fought for money or other rewards—played violent, colorful, international roles in warfare, but they have received relatively little scholarly attention. In this book a large number of vignettes portray their activities in Western Europe over a period of nearly 900 years, from the Merovingian mercenaries of 752 through the Thirty Years’ War, which ended in 1648. Intended as an introduction to the subject and drawing heavily on contemporary first-person accounts, the book creates a vivid but balanced mosaic of the many thousands of mercenaries who were hired to fight for various employers.

A/AS Level History for AQA The Age of the Crusades, c1071–1204 Student Book

A/AS Level History for AQA The Age of the Crusades, c1071–1204 Student Book PDF Author: Richard Kerridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107587255
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 119

View

Book Description
A new series of bespoke, full-coverage resources developed for the AQA 2015 A/AS Level History. Written for the AQA A/AS Level History specifications for first teaching from 2015, this print Student Book covers The Age of the Crusades, c1071-1204 Breadth component. Completely matched to the new AQA specification, this full-colour Student Book provides valuable background information to contextualise the period of study. Supporting students in developing their critical thinking, research and written communication skills, it also encourages them to make links between different time periods, topics and historical themes.

Famous Battles of the Medieval Period

Famous Battles of the Medieval Period PDF Author: Chris McNab
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 1502632470
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 104

View

Book Description
The battles waged from 476 to 1485 demonstrate the complexity and importance of the medieval era. Combatants included the English, French, Muslims, Mongols, and crusaders, and their victories and failures laid the foundations of modern history. This book brings battles like the Battle of Tours and the Battle of Agincourt into sharp focus, and gives context to the warfare of the Middle Ages.

Turkish Myth and Muslim Symbol

Turkish Myth and Muslim Symbol PDF Author: Carole Hillenbrand
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631151
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304

View

Book Description
Turks ruled the Middle East for a millennium and eastern Europe for many centuries and it is an undoubted fact that they moulded the lands under their dominion. It is therefore something of a paradox that the history of Turkey and aspects of the identity and role of the Turks, both as Muslims and as an ethnic group, still remain little known in the west and undervalued in the Arabic and Persian-speaking worlds. This book contributes to historical scholarship on Turkey by focusing on its key foundational myth, the battle of Manzikert in 1071--the Turkish equivalent of the battle of Hastings. Manzikert destroyed the hold of Christian Byzantium on eastern Turkey and opened the whole country to the spread of Islam, a process completed with the fall of Constantinople and Trebizond some four centuries later. Translations and a close analysis of all the extant Muslim sources--both Arabic and Persian--which deal with the battle of Manzikert are provided in the book. It also looks at these writings as literary works and vehicles of religious ideology and analyses the ongoing confrontation between the Muslim Turks and Christian Europe and the importance of Manzikert in the formation of the modern state of Turkey since 1923.

Masters of War

Masters of War PDF Author: DK
Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
ISBN: 0241556244
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360

View

Book Description
Explore the lives and achievements of history's most important military figures with this illustrated e-guide to military men and women. Featuring more than 100 key generals and military leaders from Alexander the Great to Winston Churchill, Masters of War takes you on a visual chronological journey of military history and the people behind the battles that have shaped it, starting in ancient Egypt and coming up to date with World War I, World War II, Vietnam War, and conflicts in the Middle East. Profiles include Julius Caesar, Charlemagne, Genghis Khan, Oliver Cromwell, Napoleon, Horatio Nelson, Otto von Bismarck, Simon Bolivar, Ulysses Grant, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, Mao Zedong, and many more. Biographies reveal the details of each leader's life and achievements, while paintings, photographs, and artefacts bring their stories to life. The ebook also features the uniforms and equipment of soldiers throughout history. Each object is accompanied with a short description of its importance, from the swords and spears of early warfare to the guns and uniforms of the modern era. (This ebook features US text).

Great Events in Religion: An Encyclopedia of Pivotal Events in Religious History [3 volumes]

Great Events in Religion: An Encyclopedia of Pivotal Events in Religious History [3 volumes] PDF Author: Florin Curta
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610695666
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 1047

View

Book Description
This three-volume set presents fundamental information about the most important events in world religious history as well as substantive discussions of their significance and impact. • Presents readers with essential information about the chief events in religious history that will help them better understand world history and promote a greater respect for culturally diverse religious traditions • Provides cross-references and sidebars that cite print and electronic resources for further reading with each entry • Includes a selected, general bibliography of print and electronic resources suitable for student research

Aleppo

Aleppo PDF Author: Ross Burns
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1134844018
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360

View

Book Description
Aleppo is one of the longest-surviving cities of the ancient and Islamic Middle East. Until recently it enjoyed a thriving urban life—in particular an active traditional suq, whose origins can be traced across many centuries. Its tangle of streets still follow the Hellenistic grid and above it looms the great Citadel, which contains recently-uncovered remains of a Bronze/Iron Age temple complex, suggesting an even earlier role as a ‘high place’ in the Canaanite tradition. In the Arab Middle Ages, Aleppo was a strongpoint of the Islamic resistance to the Crusader presence. Its medieval Citadel is one of the most dramatic examples of a fortified enclosure in the Islamic tradition. In Mamluk and Ottoman times, the city took on a thriving commercial role and provided a base for the first European commercial factories and consulates in the Levant. Its commercial life funded a remarkable building tradition with some hundreds of the 600 or so officially-declared monuments dating from these eras, and its diverse ethnic mixture, with significant Kurdish, Turkish, Christian and Armenian communities provide a richer layering of influences on the city’s life. In this volume, Ross Burns explores the rich history of this important city, from its earliest history through to the modern era, providing a thorough treatment of this fascinating city history, accessible both to scholarly readers as well as to the general public interested in a factual and comprehensive survey of the city’s past.

Military Diasporas

Military Diasporas PDF Author: Georg Christ
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000774074
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 507

View

Book Description
Military Diasporas proposes a new research approach to analyse the role of foreign military personnel as composite and partly imagined para-ethnic groups. These groups not only buttressed a state or empire’s military might but crucially connected, policed, and administered (parts of) realms as a transcultural and transimperial class while representing the polity’s universal or at least cosmopolitan aspirations at court or on diplomatic and military missions. Case studies of foreign militaries with a focus on their diasporic elements include the Achaemenid Empire, Ptolemaic Egypt, and the Roman Empire in the ancient world. These are followed by chapters on the Sassanid and Islamic occupation of Egypt, Byzantium, the Latin Aegean (Catalan Company) to Iberian Christian noblemen serving North African Islamic rulers, Mamluks and Italian Stradiots, followed by chapters on military diasporas in Hungary, the Teutonic Order including the Sword Brethren, and the Swiss military. The volume thus covers a broad band of military diasporic experiences and highlights aspects of their role in the building of state and empire from Antiquity to the late Middle Ages and from Persia via Egypt to the Baltic. With a broad chronological and geographic range, this volume is the ideal resource for upper-level undergraduates, postgraduates, and scholars interested in the history of war and warfare from Antiquity to the sixteenth century.