The Myth of Luck

The Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350149306
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
Humanity has thrown everything we have at implacable luck-novel theologies, entire philosophical movements, fresh branches of mathematics-and yet we seem to have gained only the smallest edge on the power of fortune. The Myth of Luck tells us why we have been fighting an unconquerable foe. Taking us on a guided tour of one of our oldest concepts, we begin in ancient Greece and Rome, considering how Plato, Plutarch, and the Stoics understood luck, before entering the theoretical world of probability and exploring how luck relates to theology, sports, ethics, gambling, knowledge, and present-day psychology. As we travel across traditions, times and cultures, we come to realize that it's not that as soon as we solve one philosophical problem with luck that two more appear, like heads on a hydra, but rather that the monster is altogether mythological. We cannot master luck because there is nothing to defeat: luck is no more than a persistent and troubling illusion. By introducing us to compelling arguments and convincing reasons that explain why there is no such thing as luck, we finally see why in a very real sense we make our own luck, that luck is our own doing. The Myth of Luck helps us to regain our own agency in the world - telling the entertaining story of the philosophy and history of luck along the way.

Literature and Contingency

Literature and Contingency PDF Author: Christina Lupton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429575122
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Book Description
This collection features leading literary critics and explores the role of language in thinking about the ways in which the world might be otherwise, and the history of contingency as a longstanding literary concept. The defining feature of contingency lies in the suggestion that things that have already happened might have been otherwise. Central to late twentieth century European critical and sociological thinking, that argument is at the centre of this volume. The contributors to this volume explore subjects including how literature, philosophy and history all cope with contingency; the existence of contingency in genres as diverse as enlightenment fables, Aristotle, Hardy, Jane Austen, and post-war American literature; the contingency of old age and the poetics of contingency. As the chapters here illustrate, our efforts to understand each other involve a constant opening onto being otherwise; an enterprise in which the role of the literary critic remains key. Of interest to scholars across a range of literary genres, this volume would also have applications for philosophy researchers exploring the metaphysics of contingency. This book was originally published as a special issue of Textual Practice.

Success and Luck

Success and Luck PDF Author: Robert H. Frank
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691178305
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
From New York Times bestselling author and economics columnist Robert Frank, a compelling book that explains why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in their success, why that hurts everyone, and what we can do about it How important is luck in economic success? No question more reliably divides conservatives from liberals. As conservatives correctly observe, people who amass great fortunes are almost always talented and hardworking. But liberals are also correct to note that countless others have those same qualities yet never earn much. In recent years, social scientists have discovered that chance plays a much larger role in important life outcomes than most people imagine. In Success and Luck, bestselling author and New York Times economics columnist Robert Frank explores the surprising implications of those findings to show why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in success—and why that hurts everyone, even the wealthy. Frank describes how, in a world increasingly dominated by winner-take-all markets, chance opportunities and trivial initial advantages often translate into much larger ones—and enormous income differences—over time; how false beliefs about luck persist, despite compelling evidence against them; and how myths about personal success and luck shape individual and political choices in harmful ways. But, Frank argues, we could decrease the inequality driven by sheer luck by adopting simple, unintrusive policies that would free up trillions of dollars each year—more than enough to fix our crumbling infrastructure, expand healthcare coverage, fight global warming, and reduce poverty, all without requiring painful sacrifices from anyone. If this sounds implausible, you'll be surprised to discover that the solution requires only a few, noncontroversial steps. Compellingly readable, Success and Luck shows how a more accurate understanding of the role of chance in life could lead to better, richer, and fairer economies and societies.

Responsible Gambling

Responsible Gambling PDF Author: Howard J. Shaffer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190074574
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 504

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Book Description
"Responsible gambling" refers to a range of strategies, initiatives, and activities introduced by gambling regulators, policymakers, and industry operators to reduce gambling-related harms. There is an absence of agreement about the definition of responsible gambling among these parties, and stakeholders' experiences reflect varied and often conflicting positions about the development, implementation, and maintenance of existing responsible gambling programs. Complicating these issues further, there is little empirical evidence supporting the current crop of responsible gambling activities. Consequently, there is a pressing need to bring together key similarities and differences associated with disparate stakeholder groups. Responsible Gambling: Primary Stakeholder Perspectives will inform and better ground both current and future debates focused on the topic of responsible gambling and its intended outcomes. Chapters address responsible gambling from the perspective of five groups of complementary stakeholders: scientists/researchers; clinicians; gambling operators; public policy makers/regulators; and recovering gamblers. Contributors address responsible gambling through the lens of the Reno Model, an approach that emphasizes the importance of stakeholders working together and using evidence-based methods to reduce gambling-related harms. Building upon and expanding the Reno Model and addressing conflicts and ethical compromises so that these programs can achieve their intended objectives (reducing the worldwide rate of gambling-related harms), Responsible Gambling will be of value to scientists, clinicians, policy makers, regulators, and industry operators interested in responsible gambling strategies and activities.

Myth of Luck

Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781350149328
Category : Chance
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
Acknowledgements -- 1. Lachesis's Lottery and the History of Luck -- The Myth of Er -- Tuche and Fortuna -- Submission to luck: lucky charms -- Rebellion against luck: Stoicism -- Denial of luck: all is fated -- Luck and gambling -- 2.Luck and Skill -- Slaying Laplace's Demon -- A probability theory of luck -- Winners and losers -- Buying hope on credit -- A skill equation? -- Problems with probability -- 3. Fragility and Control -- Invisible cities of the possible -- The garden of (logically) forking paths -- A modal theory of luck -- Transworld 2000 -- Lucky necessities -- A control theory of luck -- Séances and rubber hands -- Wimbledon 2012 -- Synchronic and diachronic luck -- 4. Moral Luck -- The Kantian puzzle -- The Egg of Columbus -- The accidental Nazi and the museum of medical oddities -- Equalizing fortune -- Privilege -- Essential origins -- 5. Knowledge and Serendipity -- Finding Meno -- Discover " forget -- The man who sold the Eiffel Tower and other skeptical threats -- The Overton Window -- Serendipity -- Divide and conquer -- 6. The Irrational Biases of Luck -- The frame shop -- Dueling vignettes -- Optimism vs. pessimism -- Sailing stones and flying witches -- Machine gambling -- Against luck -- Go luck yourself -- Notes -- Bibliography Index.

Myth, Ritual and Religion (Vol. 1&2)

Myth, Ritual and Religion (Vol. 1&2) PDF Author: Andrew Lang
Publisher: e-artnow
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 518

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Book Description
"Myth, Ritual and Religion" in 2 volumes is one of the best-known works by a Scottish author Andrew Lang first published in 1887, in which he explained the "irrational" elements of mythology as survivals from more primitive forms. This carefully crafted e-artnow ebook is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents._x000D_ Volume 1:_x000D_ Systems of Mythology_x000D_ New System Proposed_x000D_ The Mental Condition of Savages – Confusion With Nature – Totemism_x000D_ The Mental Condition of Savages – Magic – Metamorphosis – Metaphysic – Psychology_x000D_ Nature Myths_x000D_ Non-aryan Myths of the Origin of the World and of Man_x000D_ Indo-aryan Myths – Sources of Evidence_x000D_ Indian Myths of the Origin of the World and of Man_x000D_ Greek Myths of the Origin of the World and Man_x000D_ Greek Cosmogonic Myths_x000D_ Savage Divine Myths_x000D_ Volume 2:_x000D_ Gods of the Lowest Races_x000D_ American Divine Myths_x000D_ Mexican Divine Myths_x000D_ The Mythology of Egypt_x000D_ Gods of the Aryans of India_x000D_ Greek Divine Myths:_x000D_ Apollo_x000D_ Artemis_x000D_ Dionysus_x000D_ Athene_x000D_ Hermes_x000D_ Demeter_x000D_ Heroic and Romantic Myths...

Plato and Myth

Plato and Myth PDF Author: Catherine Collobert
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900422436X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 488

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Book Description
Through the contributions of specialists in the field, this volume addresses the still open question of the role and status of myth in Plato’s dialogues and thereby speaks to the broader problem of the relation between philosophy and poetic discourse.

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream PDF Author: Aaron M. Duncan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317512472
Category : Sports & Recreation
Languages : en
Pages : 178

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Book Description
This book explores the rise and increased acceptance of gambling in America, particularly the growth of the game of poker, as a means for examining changes to the American Dream and the risk society. Poker both critiques and reinterprets the myth of the American Dream, putting greater emphasis on the importance of luck and risk management while deemphasizing the importance of honesty and hard work. Duncan discusses the history of gambling in America, changes to the rhetoric surrounding gambling, the depiction of poker in the Wild West as portrayed in film, its recent rise in popularity on television, its current place in post-modern America on the internet, and future implications.

Myths of Leadership

Myths of Leadership PDF Author: Jo Owen
Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers
ISBN: 0749480750
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
WINNER: CMI Management Book of the Year 2019 - Aspiring Leaders Category The best leaders are born, not made. The best leaders are always in control. The best leaders are those with the highest IQs. But are they really? The thinking surrounding what makes the greatest leaders is increasingly muddled by stereotypes, snake oil promises and pseudo-science. The best leaders rely on fact, not fads. Myths of Leadership blasts away the fluff and confronts false legends head on. Jo Owen uses the most credible research to analyze each myth, using international business case studies, leadership theory and insightful interviews, to uncover the truth. This is a compelling and practical examination of the most pervasive misconceptions about leadership that will help you elevate your own leadership abilities, better inspire your team and empower your organization by thinking differently. Entertaining but evidence-based, Myths of Leadership throws out the management jargon and skewers over-hyped leadership trends to bring you the best practical tips you need to become a better leader.

The Myth of Luck

The Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350149306
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240

View

Book Description
Humanity has thrown everything we have at implacable luck-novel theologies, entire philosophical movements, fresh branches of mathematics-and yet we seem to have gained only the smallest edge on the power of fortune. The Myth of Luck tells us why we have been fighting an unconquerable foe. Taking us on a guided tour of one of our oldest concepts, we begin in ancient Greece and Rome, considering how Plato, Plutarch, and the Stoics understood luck, before entering the theoretical world of probability and exploring how luck relates to theology, sports, ethics, gambling, knowledge, and present-day psychology. As we travel across traditions, times and cultures, we come to realize that it's not that as soon as we solve one philosophical problem with luck that two more appear, like heads on a hydra, but rather that the monster is altogether mythological. We cannot master luck because there is nothing to defeat: luck is no more than a persistent and troubling illusion. By introducing us to compelling arguments and convincing reasons that explain why there is no such thing as luck, we finally see why in a very real sense we make our own luck, that luck is our own doing. The Myth of Luck helps us to regain our own agency in the world - telling the entertaining story of the philosophy and history of luck along the way.

Literature and Contingency

Literature and Contingency PDF Author: Christina Lupton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429575122
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 176

View

Book Description
This collection features leading literary critics and explores the role of language in thinking about the ways in which the world might be otherwise, and the history of contingency as a longstanding literary concept. The defining feature of contingency lies in the suggestion that things that have already happened might have been otherwise. Central to late twentieth century European critical and sociological thinking, that argument is at the centre of this volume. The contributors to this volume explore subjects including how literature, philosophy and history all cope with contingency; the existence of contingency in genres as diverse as enlightenment fables, Aristotle, Hardy, Jane Austen, and post-war American literature; the contingency of old age and the poetics of contingency. As the chapters here illustrate, our efforts to understand each other involve a constant opening onto being otherwise; an enterprise in which the role of the literary critic remains key. Of interest to scholars across a range of literary genres, this volume would also have applications for philosophy researchers exploring the metaphysics of contingency. This book was originally published as a special issue of Textual Practice.

Success and Luck

Success and Luck PDF Author: Robert H. Frank
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691178305
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 208

View

Book Description
From New York Times bestselling author and economics columnist Robert Frank, a compelling book that explains why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in their success, why that hurts everyone, and what we can do about it How important is luck in economic success? No question more reliably divides conservatives from liberals. As conservatives correctly observe, people who amass great fortunes are almost always talented and hardworking. But liberals are also correct to note that countless others have those same qualities yet never earn much. In recent years, social scientists have discovered that chance plays a much larger role in important life outcomes than most people imagine. In Success and Luck, bestselling author and New York Times economics columnist Robert Frank explores the surprising implications of those findings to show why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in success—and why that hurts everyone, even the wealthy. Frank describes how, in a world increasingly dominated by winner-take-all markets, chance opportunities and trivial initial advantages often translate into much larger ones—and enormous income differences—over time; how false beliefs about luck persist, despite compelling evidence against them; and how myths about personal success and luck shape individual and political choices in harmful ways. But, Frank argues, we could decrease the inequality driven by sheer luck by adopting simple, unintrusive policies that would free up trillions of dollars each year—more than enough to fix our crumbling infrastructure, expand healthcare coverage, fight global warming, and reduce poverty, all without requiring painful sacrifices from anyone. If this sounds implausible, you'll be surprised to discover that the solution requires only a few, noncontroversial steps. Compellingly readable, Success and Luck shows how a more accurate understanding of the role of chance in life could lead to better, richer, and fairer economies and societies.

A reader for the middle grades of schools

A reader for the middle grades of schools PDF Author: William M. Thayer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Conduct of life
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description


Responsible Gambling

Responsible Gambling PDF Author: Howard J. Shaffer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190074574
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 504

View

Book Description
"Responsible gambling" refers to a range of strategies, initiatives, and activities introduced by gambling regulators, policymakers, and industry operators to reduce gambling-related harms. There is an absence of agreement about the definition of responsible gambling among these parties, and stakeholders' experiences reflect varied and often conflicting positions about the development, implementation, and maintenance of existing responsible gambling programs. Complicating these issues further, there is little empirical evidence supporting the current crop of responsible gambling activities. Consequently, there is a pressing need to bring together key similarities and differences associated with disparate stakeholder groups. Responsible Gambling: Primary Stakeholder Perspectives will inform and better ground both current and future debates focused on the topic of responsible gambling and its intended outcomes. Chapters address responsible gambling from the perspective of five groups of complementary stakeholders: scientists/researchers; clinicians; gambling operators; public policy makers/regulators; and recovering gamblers. Contributors address responsible gambling through the lens of the Reno Model, an approach that emphasizes the importance of stakeholders working together and using evidence-based methods to reduce gambling-related harms. Building upon and expanding the Reno Model and addressing conflicts and ethical compromises so that these programs can achieve their intended objectives (reducing the worldwide rate of gambling-related harms), Responsible Gambling will be of value to scientists, clinicians, policy makers, regulators, and industry operators interested in responsible gambling strategies and activities.

Myth of Luck

Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781350149328
Category : Chance
Languages : en
Pages : 240

View

Book Description
Acknowledgements -- 1. Lachesis's Lottery and the History of Luck -- The Myth of Er -- Tuche and Fortuna -- Submission to luck: lucky charms -- Rebellion against luck: Stoicism -- Denial of luck: all is fated -- Luck and gambling -- 2.Luck and Skill -- Slaying Laplace's Demon -- A probability theory of luck -- Winners and losers -- Buying hope on credit -- A skill equation? -- Problems with probability -- 3. Fragility and Control -- Invisible cities of the possible -- The garden of (logically) forking paths -- A modal theory of luck -- Transworld 2000 -- Lucky necessities -- A control theory of luck -- Séances and rubber hands -- Wimbledon 2012 -- Synchronic and diachronic luck -- 4. Moral Luck -- The Kantian puzzle -- The Egg of Columbus -- The accidental Nazi and the museum of medical oddities -- Equalizing fortune -- Privilege -- Essential origins -- 5. Knowledge and Serendipity -- Finding Meno -- Discover " forget -- The man who sold the Eiffel Tower and other skeptical threats -- The Overton Window -- Serendipity -- Divide and conquer -- 6. The Irrational Biases of Luck -- The frame shop -- Dueling vignettes -- Optimism vs. pessimism -- Sailing stones and flying witches -- Machine gambling -- Against luck -- Go luck yourself -- Notes -- Bibliography Index.

Myth, Ritual and Religion (Vol. 1&2)

Myth, Ritual and Religion (Vol. 1&2) PDF Author: Andrew Lang
Publisher: e-artnow
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 518

View

Book Description
"Myth, Ritual and Religion" in 2 volumes is one of the best-known works by a Scottish author Andrew Lang first published in 1887, in which he explained the "irrational" elements of mythology as survivals from more primitive forms. This carefully crafted e-artnow ebook is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents._x000D_ Volume 1:_x000D_ Systems of Mythology_x000D_ New System Proposed_x000D_ The Mental Condition of Savages – Confusion With Nature – Totemism_x000D_ The Mental Condition of Savages – Magic – Metamorphosis – Metaphysic – Psychology_x000D_ Nature Myths_x000D_ Non-aryan Myths of the Origin of the World and of Man_x000D_ Indo-aryan Myths – Sources of Evidence_x000D_ Indian Myths of the Origin of the World and of Man_x000D_ Greek Myths of the Origin of the World and Man_x000D_ Greek Cosmogonic Myths_x000D_ Savage Divine Myths_x000D_ Volume 2:_x000D_ Gods of the Lowest Races_x000D_ American Divine Myths_x000D_ Mexican Divine Myths_x000D_ The Mythology of Egypt_x000D_ Gods of the Aryans of India_x000D_ Greek Divine Myths:_x000D_ Apollo_x000D_ Artemis_x000D_ Dionysus_x000D_ Athene_x000D_ Hermes_x000D_ Demeter_x000D_ Heroic and Romantic Myths...

Plato and Myth

Plato and Myth PDF Author: Catherine Collobert
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900422436X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 488

View

Book Description
Through the contributions of specialists in the field, this volume addresses the still open question of the role and status of myth in Plato’s dialogues and thereby speaks to the broader problem of the relation between philosophy and poetic discourse.

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream PDF Author: Aaron M. Duncan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317512472
Category : Sports & Recreation
Languages : en
Pages : 178

View

Book Description
This book explores the rise and increased acceptance of gambling in America, particularly the growth of the game of poker, as a means for examining changes to the American Dream and the risk society. Poker both critiques and reinterprets the myth of the American Dream, putting greater emphasis on the importance of luck and risk management while deemphasizing the importance of honesty and hard work. Duncan discusses the history of gambling in America, changes to the rhetoric surrounding gambling, the depiction of poker in the Wild West as portrayed in film, its recent rise in popularity on television, its current place in post-modern America on the internet, and future implications.

Myths of Leadership

Myths of Leadership PDF Author: Jo Owen
Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers
ISBN: 0749480750
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288

View

Book Description
WINNER: CMI Management Book of the Year 2019 - Aspiring Leaders Category The best leaders are born, not made. The best leaders are always in control. The best leaders are those with the highest IQs. But are they really? The thinking surrounding what makes the greatest leaders is increasingly muddled by stereotypes, snake oil promises and pseudo-science. The best leaders rely on fact, not fads. Myths of Leadership blasts away the fluff and confronts false legends head on. Jo Owen uses the most credible research to analyze each myth, using international business case studies, leadership theory and insightful interviews, to uncover the truth. This is a compelling and practical examination of the most pervasive misconceptions about leadership that will help you elevate your own leadership abilities, better inspire your team and empower your organization by thinking differently. Entertaining but evidence-based, Myths of Leadership throws out the management jargon and skewers over-hyped leadership trends to bring you the best practical tips you need to become a better leader.