Polarization, Populism, and the New Politics

Polarization, Populism, and the New Politics PDF Author: Banu Baybars Hawks
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527540677
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 206

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Book Description
‘Populism’ is one of the most frequently used terms in today’s political discussions. From Turkey to the United States of America, the effect of populist politicians is felt more than ever today. Indeed, it is an extremely common occurrence to come across a political commentator defining a politician as a populist in newspapers or TV shows. This volume brings together scholars from various disciplines and invites its readers to consider the role played by both conventional and new media in the rise of this political movement. Its focus is not limited to the USA nor the UK, but investigates populism in countries such as Turkey and Spain. It will appeal to readers interested in classical populism and polarization studies, as well as those interested in post-truth studies.

Global Tabloid

Global Tabloid PDF Author: Martin Conboy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000373088
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220

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Book Description
This edited collection brings together a range of contemporary expertise to discuss the development and impact of tabloid news around the world. In thirteen chapters, Global Tabloid covers tabloid developments in Asia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, and both Eastern and Western Europe. It presents innovative research from eighteen expert contributors and editors who explore tabloidization as a phenomenon, and tabloids as a news form. With an awareness of historical dynamics where tabloids played a role in national news media systems, it brings the debates around tabloids as a cultural force up to date. The book addresses important questions about the contemporary nature of popular culture, the challenges it faces in the digital era, and its impact on a political world dominated by tabloid values. Going beyond national borders to consider global developments, the editors and contributors explore how the tabloids have permeated media culture more generally and how they are adapting to an increasingly digitalized media sphere. This internationally focused critical study is a valuable resource for students and researchers in journalism, media, and cultural studies.

State Crisis in Fragile Democracies

State Crisis in Fragile Democracies PDF Author: Samuel Handlin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108248128
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
This book offers a novel political-institutional explanation for variation in political polarization, outsider populism, and the fate of democratic regimes across twenty-first-century South America. Drawing upon a wealth of primary evidence and employing process tracing tests to evaluate key causal claims, the book examines how the occurrence - or not - of state crises and the inherited strength of left wing political actors combined to push countries onto distinct party system trajectories characterized by different kinds of left parties and movements, highly variant levels of polarization, and ultimately divergent political regime dynamics. The book challenges extant interpretations of political variation during Latin America's turn to the left, which have centered on economic explanations. It also develops new theoretical propositions for understanding polarization, populism, and democratic erosion in young democracies across the world.

What Happened to the Vital Center?

What Happened to the Vital Center? PDF Author: Nicholas Jacobs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197603548
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Taking the reader through a long view of American history, What Happened to the Vital Center? offers a novel and important contribution to the ongoing scholarly and popular discussion of how America fell apart and what might be done to end the Cold Civil War that fractures the country and weakens the national resolve. In What Happened to the Vital Center?, Nicholas Jacobs and Sidney Milkis tackle a foundational question within American political history: Is current partisan polarization, aggravated by populist disdain for constitutional principles and institutions, a novel development in American politics? Populism is not a new threat to the country's democratic experiment, but now insurgents intrude directly on elections and government. During previous periods of populist unrest, the US was governed by resilient parties that moderated extremist currents within the political system. This began to crumble during the 1960s, as anti-institutionalist incursions into the Democratic and Republican organizations gave rise to reforms that empowered activists at the expense of the median voter and shifted the controlling power over parties to the executive branch. Gradually, the moderating influence that parties played in structuring campaigns and the policy process eroded to the point where extreme polarization dominated and decision-making power migrated to the presidency. Weakened parties were increasingly dominated by presidents and their partnerships with social activists, leading to a gridlocked system characterized by the politics of demonization and demagoguery. Executive-centered parties more easily ignore the sorts of moderating voices that had prevailed in an earlier era. While the Republican Party is more susceptible to the dangers of populism than the Democrats, both parties are animated by a presidency-led, movement-centered vision of democracy. After tracing this history, the authors dismiss calls to return to some bygone era. Rather, the final section highlights the ways in which the two parties can be revitalized as institutions of collective responsibility that can transform personal ambition and rancorous partisanship into principled conflict over the profound issues that now divide the country. The book will transform our understanding of how we ended up in our current state of extreme polarization and what we can do to fix it.

Populist Discourse

Populist Discourse PDF Author: Encarnación Hidalgo-Tenorio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429648960
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 316

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Book Description
Populist Discourse brings together experts from both linguistics and political science to analyse the language of populist leaders and the media's representation of populism in different temporal, geographical and ideological contexts, including Nazi Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Austria, Greece, the UK, the US and South America. With 17 contributions split into four sections, Populist Discourse covers a variety of approaches such as corpus-based discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis and political perspectives, making it a timely dissection for students and researchers working in linguistics, political science and communication.

Authoritarian Populism and Liberal Democracy

Authoritarian Populism and Liberal Democracy PDF Author: Ivor Crewe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030179974
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 311

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Book Description
This edited volume offers new insights into the populist wave that is affecting democratic politics in a large number of countries. The authoritarian populist turn that has developed in the US and various European countries in recent years both reflects and exacerbates the polarization of public opinion that increasingly characterizes democratic politics. The book seeks to explain how and why authoritarian populist opinion has developed and been mobilised in democratic countries. It also explores the implications of this growth in authoritarian, anti-immigrant sentiment for the operation of democratic politics in the future. It concludes that liberals may need to abandon their big-hearted internationalist instinct for open and unmanaged national borders and tacit indifference to illegal immigration. They should instead fashion a distinctively liberal position on immigration based on the socially progressive traditions of planning, public services, community cohesion and worker protection against exploitation. To do otherwise would be to provide the forces of illiberal authoritarianism with an opportunity to advance unparalleled since the 1930s and to destroy the extraordinary post-war achievements of the liberal democratic order.

Combating Populism

Combating Populism PDF Author: Andrea Kendall-Taylor
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Democracy
Languages : en
Pages : 19

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Book Description
"The rise of populism in Europe and the United States is well documented. Although studies may disagree about the relative importance of populism's drivers, there is broad consensus that rising inequality, declining bonds to established traditional parties, increasing salience of identity politics, and economic grievance have played a role in fueling populism's rise. Although populism is a symptom of democracy's larger problems, the strategies and tactics populist parties and leaders use also provide their own, direct threat to liberal democracy. Many of the tactics that populist leaders use weaken democratic institutions and constraints on executive power. Populism is also detrimental to democracy because it exacerbates political polarization, which makes it hard for democracy to effectively function. As societies grow more polarized, people become willing to tolerate abuses of power and sacrifice democratic principles if doing so advances their side's interests and keeps the other side out of power. The polarization that populism fuels, in other words, increases the risk of democratic decline. This report offers recommendations for combating populism. It translates key findings from cutting-edge academic research in the political science, political psychology, sociology, and communications disciplines into practical, evidence-based recommendations. The first set of recommendations is intended to equip political parties, politicians, and candidates to create a political context more conducive to the success of liberal democratic actors. Research shows that context matters -- although many people may hold populist attitudes, these attitudes must be activated by the political context to translate into votes for populist leaders" -- Publisher's web site.

Green Marketing in Emerging Economies

Green Marketing in Emerging Economies PDF Author: Emmanuel Mogaji
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030825728
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 279

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Book Description
Literature on green marketing continues to gain traction in the sustainability discourse, focusing on core subject areas such as green product development, green marketing strategy and green advertising. Achieving green marketing success encompasses influencing, orientating, and communicating green offerings of an organisation to the consumers. Emerging markets particularly provide unique opportunities for green product innovations to thrive due to their rapid industrialisation and economic growth; hence the value proposition of organisations must be rightly communicated to the consumers. The book is part of a multi-volume work that highlights the goals of green marketing, such as influencing consumers’ green adoption, behaviour, and attitude towards sustainability practices. This book provides insights to researchers, students and practitioners interested in marketing and sustainability initiatives in the context of emerging markets. It is also recommended for marketing managers and brand consultants who desire an in-depth understanding of how to communicate their organisation’s green offerings while positioning the organisation as a green brand to influence consumers’ green purchasing behaviours.

Religious Policy

Religious Policy PDF Author: Stefan Dudra
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525368577
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 184

Get Book

Book Description
Denomination policy is an important part of the public life of the state. Central and local governments search for models that enable the shaping of relations between the state and denominational associations. This is also of significance in relation to the changes associated with migration and fluctuation of followers of various faiths. How is this search carried out? What does it lead to? The book analyzes the phenomenon of religious politics. In addition to concrete case studies, the volume includes contributions dealing with theoretical issues, such as methodological problems of research on religions and beliefs as a factor hindering the formation of religious politics, studies of religious politics as a component of research on religious politics, the search for regularities in the relationship between religious politics and geopolitics.

Hate Speech and Polarization in Participatory Society

Hate Speech and Polarization in Participatory Society PDF Author: Marta Pérez-Escolar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000462889
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 278

Get Book

Book Description
This timely volume offers a comprehensive and rigorous overview of the role of communication in the construction of hate speech and polarization in the online and offline arena. Delving into the meanings, implications, contexts and effects of extreme speech and gated communities in the media landscape, the chapters analyse misleading metaphors and rhetoric via focused case studies to understand how we can overcome the risks and threats stemming from the past decade’s defining communicative phenomena. The book brings together an international team of experts, enabling a broad, multidisciplinary approach that examines hate speech, dislike, polarization and enclave deliberation as cross axes that influence offline and digital conversations. The diverse case studies herein offer insights into international news media, television drama and social media in a range of contexts, suggesting an academic frame of reference for examining this emerging phenomenon within the field of communication studies. Offering thoughtful and much-needed analysis, this collection will be of great interest to scholars and students working in communication studies, media studies, journalism, sociology, political science, political communication and cultural industries.

Polarization, Populism, and the New Politics

Polarization, Populism, and the New Politics PDF Author: Banu Baybars Hawks
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527540677
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 206

View

Book Description
‘Populism’ is one of the most frequently used terms in today’s political discussions. From Turkey to the United States of America, the effect of populist politicians is felt more than ever today. Indeed, it is an extremely common occurrence to come across a political commentator defining a politician as a populist in newspapers or TV shows. This volume brings together scholars from various disciplines and invites its readers to consider the role played by both conventional and new media in the rise of this political movement. Its focus is not limited to the USA nor the UK, but investigates populism in countries such as Turkey and Spain. It will appeal to readers interested in classical populism and polarization studies, as well as those interested in post-truth studies.

Global Tabloid

Global Tabloid PDF Author: Martin Conboy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000373088
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220

View

Book Description
This edited collection brings together a range of contemporary expertise to discuss the development and impact of tabloid news around the world. In thirteen chapters, Global Tabloid covers tabloid developments in Asia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, and both Eastern and Western Europe. It presents innovative research from eighteen expert contributors and editors who explore tabloidization as a phenomenon, and tabloids as a news form. With an awareness of historical dynamics where tabloids played a role in national news media systems, it brings the debates around tabloids as a cultural force up to date. The book addresses important questions about the contemporary nature of popular culture, the challenges it faces in the digital era, and its impact on a political world dominated by tabloid values. Going beyond national borders to consider global developments, the editors and contributors explore how the tabloids have permeated media culture more generally and how they are adapting to an increasingly digitalized media sphere. This internationally focused critical study is a valuable resource for students and researchers in journalism, media, and cultural studies.

State Crisis in Fragile Democracies

State Crisis in Fragile Democracies PDF Author: Samuel Handlin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108248128
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
This book offers a novel political-institutional explanation for variation in political polarization, outsider populism, and the fate of democratic regimes across twenty-first-century South America. Drawing upon a wealth of primary evidence and employing process tracing tests to evaluate key causal claims, the book examines how the occurrence - or not - of state crises and the inherited strength of left wing political actors combined to push countries onto distinct party system trajectories characterized by different kinds of left parties and movements, highly variant levels of polarization, and ultimately divergent political regime dynamics. The book challenges extant interpretations of political variation during Latin America's turn to the left, which have centered on economic explanations. It also develops new theoretical propositions for understanding polarization, populism, and democratic erosion in young democracies across the world.

What Happened to the Vital Center?

What Happened to the Vital Center? PDF Author: Nicholas Jacobs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197603548
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Taking the reader through a long view of American history, What Happened to the Vital Center? offers a novel and important contribution to the ongoing scholarly and popular discussion of how America fell apart and what might be done to end the Cold Civil War that fractures the country and weakens the national resolve. In What Happened to the Vital Center?, Nicholas Jacobs and Sidney Milkis tackle a foundational question within American political history: Is current partisan polarization, aggravated by populist disdain for constitutional principles and institutions, a novel development in American politics? Populism is not a new threat to the country's democratic experiment, but now insurgents intrude directly on elections and government. During previous periods of populist unrest, the US was governed by resilient parties that moderated extremist currents within the political system. This began to crumble during the 1960s, as anti-institutionalist incursions into the Democratic and Republican organizations gave rise to reforms that empowered activists at the expense of the median voter and shifted the controlling power over parties to the executive branch. Gradually, the moderating influence that parties played in structuring campaigns and the policy process eroded to the point where extreme polarization dominated and decision-making power migrated to the presidency. Weakened parties were increasingly dominated by presidents and their partnerships with social activists, leading to a gridlocked system characterized by the politics of demonization and demagoguery. Executive-centered parties more easily ignore the sorts of moderating voices that had prevailed in an earlier era. While the Republican Party is more susceptible to the dangers of populism than the Democrats, both parties are animated by a presidency-led, movement-centered vision of democracy. After tracing this history, the authors dismiss calls to return to some bygone era. Rather, the final section highlights the ways in which the two parties can be revitalized as institutions of collective responsibility that can transform personal ambition and rancorous partisanship into principled conflict over the profound issues that now divide the country. The book will transform our understanding of how we ended up in our current state of extreme polarization and what we can do to fix it.

Populist Discourse

Populist Discourse PDF Author: Encarnación Hidalgo-Tenorio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429648960
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 316

View

Book Description
Populist Discourse brings together experts from both linguistics and political science to analyse the language of populist leaders and the media's representation of populism in different temporal, geographical and ideological contexts, including Nazi Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Austria, Greece, the UK, the US and South America. With 17 contributions split into four sections, Populist Discourse covers a variety of approaches such as corpus-based discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis and political perspectives, making it a timely dissection for students and researchers working in linguistics, political science and communication.

Authoritarian Populism and Liberal Democracy

Authoritarian Populism and Liberal Democracy PDF Author: Ivor Crewe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030179974
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 311

View

Book Description
This edited volume offers new insights into the populist wave that is affecting democratic politics in a large number of countries. The authoritarian populist turn that has developed in the US and various European countries in recent years both reflects and exacerbates the polarization of public opinion that increasingly characterizes democratic politics. The book seeks to explain how and why authoritarian populist opinion has developed and been mobilised in democratic countries. It also explores the implications of this growth in authoritarian, anti-immigrant sentiment for the operation of democratic politics in the future. It concludes that liberals may need to abandon their big-hearted internationalist instinct for open and unmanaged national borders and tacit indifference to illegal immigration. They should instead fashion a distinctively liberal position on immigration based on the socially progressive traditions of planning, public services, community cohesion and worker protection against exploitation. To do otherwise would be to provide the forces of illiberal authoritarianism with an opportunity to advance unparalleled since the 1930s and to destroy the extraordinary post-war achievements of the liberal democratic order.

Combating Populism

Combating Populism PDF Author: Andrea Kendall-Taylor
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Democracy
Languages : en
Pages : 19

View

Book Description
"The rise of populism in Europe and the United States is well documented. Although studies may disagree about the relative importance of populism's drivers, there is broad consensus that rising inequality, declining bonds to established traditional parties, increasing salience of identity politics, and economic grievance have played a role in fueling populism's rise. Although populism is a symptom of democracy's larger problems, the strategies and tactics populist parties and leaders use also provide their own, direct threat to liberal democracy. Many of the tactics that populist leaders use weaken democratic institutions and constraints on executive power. Populism is also detrimental to democracy because it exacerbates political polarization, which makes it hard for democracy to effectively function. As societies grow more polarized, people become willing to tolerate abuses of power and sacrifice democratic principles if doing so advances their side's interests and keeps the other side out of power. The polarization that populism fuels, in other words, increases the risk of democratic decline. This report offers recommendations for combating populism. It translates key findings from cutting-edge academic research in the political science, political psychology, sociology, and communications disciplines into practical, evidence-based recommendations. The first set of recommendations is intended to equip political parties, politicians, and candidates to create a political context more conducive to the success of liberal democratic actors. Research shows that context matters -- although many people may hold populist attitudes, these attitudes must be activated by the political context to translate into votes for populist leaders" -- Publisher's web site.

Green Marketing in Emerging Economies

Green Marketing in Emerging Economies PDF Author: Emmanuel Mogaji
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030825728
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 279

View

Book Description
Literature on green marketing continues to gain traction in the sustainability discourse, focusing on core subject areas such as green product development, green marketing strategy and green advertising. Achieving green marketing success encompasses influencing, orientating, and communicating green offerings of an organisation to the consumers. Emerging markets particularly provide unique opportunities for green product innovations to thrive due to their rapid industrialisation and economic growth; hence the value proposition of organisations must be rightly communicated to the consumers. The book is part of a multi-volume work that highlights the goals of green marketing, such as influencing consumers’ green adoption, behaviour, and attitude towards sustainability practices. This book provides insights to researchers, students and practitioners interested in marketing and sustainability initiatives in the context of emerging markets. It is also recommended for marketing managers and brand consultants who desire an in-depth understanding of how to communicate their organisation’s green offerings while positioning the organisation as a green brand to influence consumers’ green purchasing behaviours.

Religious Policy

Religious Policy PDF Author: Stefan Dudra
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525368577
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 184

View

Book Description
Denomination policy is an important part of the public life of the state. Central and local governments search for models that enable the shaping of relations between the state and denominational associations. This is also of significance in relation to the changes associated with migration and fluctuation of followers of various faiths. How is this search carried out? What does it lead to? The book analyzes the phenomenon of religious politics. In addition to concrete case studies, the volume includes contributions dealing with theoretical issues, such as methodological problems of research on religions and beliefs as a factor hindering the formation of religious politics, studies of religious politics as a component of research on religious politics, the search for regularities in the relationship between religious politics and geopolitics.

Hate Speech and Polarization in Participatory Society

Hate Speech and Polarization in Participatory Society PDF Author: Marta Pérez-Escolar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000462889
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 278

View

Book Description
This timely volume offers a comprehensive and rigorous overview of the role of communication in the construction of hate speech and polarization in the online and offline arena. Delving into the meanings, implications, contexts and effects of extreme speech and gated communities in the media landscape, the chapters analyse misleading metaphors and rhetoric via focused case studies to understand how we can overcome the risks and threats stemming from the past decade’s defining communicative phenomena. The book brings together an international team of experts, enabling a broad, multidisciplinary approach that examines hate speech, dislike, polarization and enclave deliberation as cross axes that influence offline and digital conversations. The diverse case studies herein offer insights into international news media, television drama and social media in a range of contexts, suggesting an academic frame of reference for examining this emerging phenomenon within the field of communication studies. Offering thoughtful and much-needed analysis, this collection will be of great interest to scholars and students working in communication studies, media studies, journalism, sociology, political science, political communication and cultural industries.