Power for (and to) the People? The Political Economy of a Just Transition in Rajasthan, India

Power for (and to) the People? The Political Economy of a Just Transition in Rajasthan, India PDF Author: Max Schmidt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346332292
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 27

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Book Description
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2020 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: 1.0, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (Economics), course: Research Methods for International Development, language: English, abstract: This paper examines the following research questions: Who wins, who loses, how and why from a Just Transition (JT) in Rajasthan towards a higher share of renewable energies, in particular solar energy? How can the Republic of India reconcile its self-set and international goals of overcoming absolute and energy poverty as well as increasing energy security with current practices of training for and employment in the (renewable) energy sector? Which role do non-state actors play in India’s renewable energy sector to overcome these development challenges? In times of an accelerating climate change (CC), the Republic of India – like most other states of the Global South – is confronted with ever more developmental challenges. They are, however, particularly intertwined in the Indian context. Not only is the South Asian giant one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable countries, understandable as “the degree to which a system is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effects of [CC], including climate variability and extremes”, in addition, 22% of its population still lives beneath the international absolute poverty line of USD 1.90 per day. Confounding this, 168 million people, or 24% of the population, were classified as living in energy poverty, particularly in rural areas, in 2017. Crucially, these numbers neither imply that the remaining 76% of India’s population enjoy a high degree of energy security nor that these development aspects are highly distinct from each other. The opposite is more likely to be the case, considering the threat of CC to reinforce and deepen already existing inequalities. Furthermore, and exacerbating the prevalence of energy poverty when looking to the future, the world’s second-largest nation is still severely dependent on coal and other fossil fuels. As much as 63% of its electricity are generated by combusting highly climate-damaging fossil sources of energy such as coal of which it possesses the fourth-largest reserves worldwide.

Rethinking a Millennium

Rethinking a Millennium PDF Author: Rajat Datta
Publisher: Aakar Books
ISBN: 9788189833367
Category : India
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Book Description
This book is a collection of essays by eminent historians exploring a millennium of India s history between the eighth and the eighteenth century, conventionally understood as early medieval and medieval India. Though these terms are subjected to critical

Including the Excluded in South Asia

Including the Excluded in South Asia PDF Author: Madhushree Sekher
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 981329759X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 254

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Book Description
This book analyses and discusses the multiple dimensions of social exclusion/inclusion seen in South Asia. It not only captures how ‘social exclusion’ is intrinsic to deprivation or deprivation in itself, but also the processes of political engagement and social interactions that the socially excluded develop as strategies and networks for their advancement. Consequently, the book goes beyond structures or agency, and examines the question of a more dynamic approach to provide spaces for the ‘socially excluded’ to self-manage exclusion, thereby raising discussions around the contested positions that underlie development discourse on social inequality. While social exclusion linked to identities is studied, the book argues that hierarchies and inequalities based on social identities cut across and affect various groups of excluded. Consequently, these phenomena create or lead to various processes of exclusion. The book illustrates that social exclusion should not be limited to privileging the differences that characterize the exclusionary processes, but should also comprise underpinning strategies of ‘inclusion’, emphasizing the need to focus on imperatives ‘to include’. As a result, the book acknowledges that social exclusion is not limited to analyzing the different identities that face exclusion, but also understanding the systems and processes that create social exclusion, or create opportunities for inclusion of the excluded.The book addresses readership across academic disciplines (including in the growing field of state capacity and governance), and practitioners (administrators and policy-making communities). Conclusively, the book, provides a platform to intensively exchange the multifaceted and critical issue of social exclusion/inclusion, and thus contributes to inclusive sustainable development discourse.

The Transition to a Colonial Economy

The Transition to a Colonial Economy PDF Author: Prasannan Parthasarathi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521570428
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 190

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Book Description
According to widespread belief, poverty and low standards of living have been characteristic of India for centuries. Challenging this view, Prasannan Parthasarathi demonstrates that, until the late eighteenth century, labouring groups in South India, those at the bottom of the social order, were in a powerful position, receiving incomes well above subsistence. The decline in their economic fortunes, the author asserts, was a process initiated towards the end of that century, with the rise of colonial rule. Building on revisionist interpretations, he examines the transformation of Indian society and its economy under British rule through the prism of the labouring classes, arguing that their treatment by the early colonial state had no precedent in the pre-colonial past and that poverty and low wages were a product of colonial rule. The book promises to make an important contribution to the economic history of the region, and to the study of colonialism.

Climate Justice in India

Climate Justice in India PDF Author: Prakash Kashwan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1009171917
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 285

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Book Description
Academics, activists, and artists offer historically and socially grounded perspectives on climate justice in Indian society and politics.

Indian Business @75—Different Aspects

Indian Business @75—Different Aspects PDF Author: Sahana Ghosh
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 9390951283
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 136

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Book Description
The Indian economy is at a crossroad. The 75-year journey has created the economic infrastructure for a take-off to a new trajectory. Indian businesses are going global and Indian consumers are getting exposed to global products. Revolutionary changes in technological, cultural, political and social behaviour of Indians have made companies rethink the ways of conducting business and managing organizations. Businesses are transforming digitally and in the way they conduct day-to-day functions. Information has become the new capital, leading to the emergence of new organizations, institutions and business practices. At the same time, new business avenues and players have together brought to the fore concerns about equity, human development and regulatory challenges. Issues in sustainability, ethical business practices and social responsibility go hand in hand with profit maximization motives of businesses. The book comprises articles on the evolution of Indian business houses and its effect on society and humanity. The role of business in poverty reduction and other social responsibility, energy transition, rural development is discussed. It also describes the dynamic financial sector and some sunrise business areas like sports and film-making.

People, Money and Power in the Economic Crisis

People, Money and Power in the Economic Crisis PDF Author: Keith Hart
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782384685
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246

Get Book

Book Description
The Cold War was fought between “state socialism” and “the free market.” That fluctuating relationship between public power and private money continues today, unfolding in new and unforeseen ways during the economic crisis. Nine case studies -- from Southern Africa, South Asia, Brazil, and Atlantic Africa – examine economic life from the perspective of ordinary people in places that are normally marginal to global discourse, covering a range of class positions from the bottom to the top of society. The authors of these case studies examine people’s concrete economic activities and aspirations. By looking at how people insert themselves into the actual, unequal economy, they seek to reflect human unity and diversity more fully than the narrow vision of conventional economics.

Growing Public: Volume 2, Further Evidence

Growing Public: Volume 2, Further Evidence PDF Author: Peter H. Lindert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139453580
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 242

Get Book

Book Description
Growing Public examines the question of whether social policies that redistribute income impose constraints on economic growth. What kept prospering nations from using taxes for social programs until the end of the nineteenth century? Why did taxes and spending then grow so much, and what are the prospects for social spending in this century? Why did North America become a leader in public education in some ways and not others? Lindert finds answers in the economic history and logic of political voice, population ageing, and income growth. Contrary to traditional beliefs, the net national costs of government social programs are virtually zero. This book not only shows that no Darwinian mechanism has punished the welfare states, but uses history to explain why this surprising result makes sense. Contrary to the intuition of many economists and the ideology of many politicians, social spending has contributed to, rather than inhibited, economic growth.

Reinventing Revolution

Reinventing Revolution PDF Author: Gail Omvedt
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765631763
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 386

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Book Description
This study describes and analyses the new social movements that have arisen in India over the past two decades, in particular the anti-caste movement (of both the untouchables and the lower-middle castes), the women's liberation movement, the farmers' movement (centred on struggles arising out of their integration into a state-controlled capitalist market), and the environmental movements (opposition to destructive development, including resistance to big dam projects and the search for alternatives). Rooted in participant observation, it focuses on the ideologies and self-understanding of the movements themselves. The central themes of this book are the origin of movements in the socio-economic contradictions of post-independence India; their effect on political developments, in particular the disintegration of Congress hegemony; their relation to "traditional Marxist" theory and Communist practice; and their groping toward a synthesis of theory and practice that constitutes a new social vision distinct from traditional Marxism.

The Economics and Politics of Transition to an Open Market Economy

The Economics and Politics of Transition to an Open Market Economy PDF Author: Ashok V. Desai
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Capitalism
Languages : en
Pages : 77

Get Book

Book Description
The paper analyses economic and political causes as well as outcomes of the sudden reversal of Indian economic policies in 1991-93, after four decades of autarky and interventionism. It argues that a changing political landscape and the emergence of new interest groups, coupled with a severe balance-of-payments crisis, left little choice to the governing party but to break with the legacy of a patrimonial state. More competition, at political and economic levels, forced the hand of politicians to remove direct quantitative controls on industrial production, imports and access to capital. These reforms remained, however, partial and did not fundamentally change the politico-economic equation. Systemic opposition to reform remained strong enough to capture or neutralise some of the gains of liberalisation. Thus, the reform movement faltered and eventually ceased ...

Power for (and to) the People? The Political Economy of a Just Transition in Rajasthan, India

Power for (and to) the People? The Political Economy of a Just Transition in Rajasthan, India PDF Author: Max Schmidt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346332292
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 27

View

Book Description
Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2020 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: 1.0, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (Economics), course: Research Methods for International Development, language: English, abstract: This paper examines the following research questions: Who wins, who loses, how and why from a Just Transition (JT) in Rajasthan towards a higher share of renewable energies, in particular solar energy? How can the Republic of India reconcile its self-set and international goals of overcoming absolute and energy poverty as well as increasing energy security with current practices of training for and employment in the (renewable) energy sector? Which role do non-state actors play in India’s renewable energy sector to overcome these development challenges? In times of an accelerating climate change (CC), the Republic of India – like most other states of the Global South – is confronted with ever more developmental challenges. They are, however, particularly intertwined in the Indian context. Not only is the South Asian giant one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable countries, understandable as “the degree to which a system is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effects of [CC], including climate variability and extremes”, in addition, 22% of its population still lives beneath the international absolute poverty line of USD 1.90 per day. Confounding this, 168 million people, or 24% of the population, were classified as living in energy poverty, particularly in rural areas, in 2017. Crucially, these numbers neither imply that the remaining 76% of India’s population enjoy a high degree of energy security nor that these development aspects are highly distinct from each other. The opposite is more likely to be the case, considering the threat of CC to reinforce and deepen already existing inequalities. Furthermore, and exacerbating the prevalence of energy poverty when looking to the future, the world’s second-largest nation is still severely dependent on coal and other fossil fuels. As much as 63% of its electricity are generated by combusting highly climate-damaging fossil sources of energy such as coal of which it possesses the fourth-largest reserves worldwide.

Rethinking a Millennium

Rethinking a Millennium PDF Author: Rajat Datta
Publisher: Aakar Books
ISBN: 9788189833367
Category : India
Languages : en
Pages : 416

View

Book Description
This book is a collection of essays by eminent historians exploring a millennium of India s history between the eighth and the eighteenth century, conventionally understood as early medieval and medieval India. Though these terms are subjected to critical

Including the Excluded in South Asia

Including the Excluded in South Asia PDF Author: Madhushree Sekher
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 981329759X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 254

View

Book Description
This book analyses and discusses the multiple dimensions of social exclusion/inclusion seen in South Asia. It not only captures how ‘social exclusion’ is intrinsic to deprivation or deprivation in itself, but also the processes of political engagement and social interactions that the socially excluded develop as strategies and networks for their advancement. Consequently, the book goes beyond structures or agency, and examines the question of a more dynamic approach to provide spaces for the ‘socially excluded’ to self-manage exclusion, thereby raising discussions around the contested positions that underlie development discourse on social inequality. While social exclusion linked to identities is studied, the book argues that hierarchies and inequalities based on social identities cut across and affect various groups of excluded. Consequently, these phenomena create or lead to various processes of exclusion. The book illustrates that social exclusion should not be limited to privileging the differences that characterize the exclusionary processes, but should also comprise underpinning strategies of ‘inclusion’, emphasizing the need to focus on imperatives ‘to include’. As a result, the book acknowledges that social exclusion is not limited to analyzing the different identities that face exclusion, but also understanding the systems and processes that create social exclusion, or create opportunities for inclusion of the excluded.The book addresses readership across academic disciplines (including in the growing field of state capacity and governance), and practitioners (administrators and policy-making communities). Conclusively, the book, provides a platform to intensively exchange the multifaceted and critical issue of social exclusion/inclusion, and thus contributes to inclusive sustainable development discourse.

The Transition to a Colonial Economy

The Transition to a Colonial Economy PDF Author: Prasannan Parthasarathi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521570428
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 190

View

Book Description
According to widespread belief, poverty and low standards of living have been characteristic of India for centuries. Challenging this view, Prasannan Parthasarathi demonstrates that, until the late eighteenth century, labouring groups in South India, those at the bottom of the social order, were in a powerful position, receiving incomes well above subsistence. The decline in their economic fortunes, the author asserts, was a process initiated towards the end of that century, with the rise of colonial rule. Building on revisionist interpretations, he examines the transformation of Indian society and its economy under British rule through the prism of the labouring classes, arguing that their treatment by the early colonial state had no precedent in the pre-colonial past and that poverty and low wages were a product of colonial rule. The book promises to make an important contribution to the economic history of the region, and to the study of colonialism.

Climate Justice in India

Climate Justice in India PDF Author: Prakash Kashwan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1009171917
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 285

View

Book Description
Academics, activists, and artists offer historically and socially grounded perspectives on climate justice in Indian society and politics.

Indian Business @75—Different Aspects

Indian Business @75—Different Aspects PDF Author: Sahana Ghosh
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 9390951283
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 136

View

Book Description
The Indian economy is at a crossroad. The 75-year journey has created the economic infrastructure for a take-off to a new trajectory. Indian businesses are going global and Indian consumers are getting exposed to global products. Revolutionary changes in technological, cultural, political and social behaviour of Indians have made companies rethink the ways of conducting business and managing organizations. Businesses are transforming digitally and in the way they conduct day-to-day functions. Information has become the new capital, leading to the emergence of new organizations, institutions and business practices. At the same time, new business avenues and players have together brought to the fore concerns about equity, human development and regulatory challenges. Issues in sustainability, ethical business practices and social responsibility go hand in hand with profit maximization motives of businesses. The book comprises articles on the evolution of Indian business houses and its effect on society and humanity. The role of business in poverty reduction and other social responsibility, energy transition, rural development is discussed. It also describes the dynamic financial sector and some sunrise business areas like sports and film-making.

People, Money and Power in the Economic Crisis

People, Money and Power in the Economic Crisis PDF Author: Keith Hart
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782384685
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246

View

Book Description
The Cold War was fought between “state socialism” and “the free market.” That fluctuating relationship between public power and private money continues today, unfolding in new and unforeseen ways during the economic crisis. Nine case studies -- from Southern Africa, South Asia, Brazil, and Atlantic Africa – examine economic life from the perspective of ordinary people in places that are normally marginal to global discourse, covering a range of class positions from the bottom to the top of society. The authors of these case studies examine people’s concrete economic activities and aspirations. By looking at how people insert themselves into the actual, unequal economy, they seek to reflect human unity and diversity more fully than the narrow vision of conventional economics.

Growing Public: Volume 2, Further Evidence

Growing Public: Volume 2, Further Evidence PDF Author: Peter H. Lindert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139453580
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 242

View

Book Description
Growing Public examines the question of whether social policies that redistribute income impose constraints on economic growth. What kept prospering nations from using taxes for social programs until the end of the nineteenth century? Why did taxes and spending then grow so much, and what are the prospects for social spending in this century? Why did North America become a leader in public education in some ways and not others? Lindert finds answers in the economic history and logic of political voice, population ageing, and income growth. Contrary to traditional beliefs, the net national costs of government social programs are virtually zero. This book not only shows that no Darwinian mechanism has punished the welfare states, but uses history to explain why this surprising result makes sense. Contrary to the intuition of many economists and the ideology of many politicians, social spending has contributed to, rather than inhibited, economic growth.

Reinventing Revolution

Reinventing Revolution PDF Author: Gail Omvedt
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765631763
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 386

View

Book Description
This study describes and analyses the new social movements that have arisen in India over the past two decades, in particular the anti-caste movement (of both the untouchables and the lower-middle castes), the women's liberation movement, the farmers' movement (centred on struggles arising out of their integration into a state-controlled capitalist market), and the environmental movements (opposition to destructive development, including resistance to big dam projects and the search for alternatives). Rooted in participant observation, it focuses on the ideologies and self-understanding of the movements themselves. The central themes of this book are the origin of movements in the socio-economic contradictions of post-independence India; their effect on political developments, in particular the disintegration of Congress hegemony; their relation to "traditional Marxist" theory and Communist practice; and their groping toward a synthesis of theory and practice that constitutes a new social vision distinct from traditional Marxism.

The Economics and Politics of Transition to an Open Market Economy

The Economics and Politics of Transition to an Open Market Economy PDF Author: Ashok V. Desai
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Capitalism
Languages : en
Pages : 77

View

Book Description
The paper analyses economic and political causes as well as outcomes of the sudden reversal of Indian economic policies in 1991-93, after four decades of autarky and interventionism. It argues that a changing political landscape and the emergence of new interest groups, coupled with a severe balance-of-payments crisis, left little choice to the governing party but to break with the legacy of a patrimonial state. More competition, at political and economic levels, forced the hand of politicians to remove direct quantitative controls on industrial production, imports and access to capital. These reforms remained, however, partial and did not fundamentally change the politico-economic equation. Systemic opposition to reform remained strong enough to capture or neutralise some of the gains of liberalisation. Thus, the reform movement faltered and eventually ceased ...