Scepticism Comes Alive

Scepticism Comes Alive PDF Author: Bryan Frances
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191536024
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description
In epistemology the nagging voice of the sceptic has always been present. Over the last thirty years or so philosophers have thought of several promising ways to counter the radical sceptic: for instance, facts about the reliability of our cognitive processes, principles determining which possibilities must be ruled out in order to have knowledge, and principles regarding the context-sensitivity of knowledge attributions. In this entertaining and provocative book, Bryan Frances presents a new argument template for generating new kinds of radical scepticism, ones that hold even if all the clever anti-sceptical fixes defeat the traditional sceptic. Not only is the argument schema novel, but the sceptical consequences are entirely unexpected. Although the new sceptic concludes that we don't know that fire engines are red, that we sometimes have pains in our knees, or even that we believe that fire engines are red or that knees sometimes throb, she admits that we know millions of exotic truths such as the fact that black holes exist. You can know about the existence of black holes, but not about the colour of your shirt or even about what you believe regarding the colour of your shirt. The new sceptical arguments proceed in the usual way (here's a sceptical hypothesis; you can't neutralize it, you have to be able to neutralize it to know P; so you don't know P), but the sceptical hypotheses plugged into it are 'real live' scientific-philosophical hypotheses often thought to be actually true, such as error theories about belief, colour, pain location, and character traits. Frances investigates the questions, 'Under what conditions do we need to rule out these error theories in order to know things inconsistent with them?' and 'Can we rule them out?' Particular attention is paid to recent methods used to counter the traditional sceptic. Sharp, witty, and fun to read, Scepticism Comes Alive will be highly provocative for anyone interested in knowledge and its limits.

The Philosopher's Index

The Philosopher's Index PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion PDF Author: Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199542666
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 254

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Book Description
This volume offers a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in this longstanding area of philosophy, which has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century. The essays are broad-ranging, and as a whole are not specific to any particular creed.

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Theistic modal realism?

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Theistic modal realism? PDF Author: Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
'Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion' is an annual volume offering a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this longstanding area of philosophy that has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century.

Scepticism and Animal Faith

Scepticism and Animal Faith PDF Author: George Santayana
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486202365
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 314

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Book Description
In this work, Santayana analyzes the nature of the knowing process and demonstrates by means of clear, powerful arguments how we know and what validates our knowledge. The central concept of his philosophy is found in a careful discrimination between the awareness of objects independent of our perception and the awareness of essences attributed to objects by our mind, or between what Santayana calls the realm of existents and the realm of subsistents. Since we can never be certain that these attributes actually inhere in a substratum of existents, skepticism is established as a form of belief, but animal faith is shown to be a necessary quality of the human mind. Without this faith there could be no rational approach to the necessary problem of understanding and surviving in this world. Santayana derives this practical philosophy from a wide and fascinating variety of sources. He considers critically the positions of such philosophers as Descartes, Euclid, Hume, Kant, Parmenides, Plato, Pythagoras, Schopenhauer, and the Buddhist school as well as the assumptions made by the ordinary man in everyday situations. Such matters as the nature of belief, the rejection of classical idealism, the nature of intuition and memory, symbols and myth, mathematical reality, literary psychology, the discovery of essence, sublimation of animal faith, the implied being of truth, and many others are given detailed analyses in individual chapters.

Scepticism Comes Alive

Scepticism Comes Alive PDF Author: Bryan Frances
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191536024
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 224

View

Book Description
In epistemology the nagging voice of the sceptic has always been present. Over the last thirty years or so philosophers have thought of several promising ways to counter the radical sceptic: for instance, facts about the reliability of our cognitive processes, principles determining which possibilities must be ruled out in order to have knowledge, and principles regarding the context-sensitivity of knowledge attributions. In this entertaining and provocative book, Bryan Frances presents a new argument template for generating new kinds of radical scepticism, ones that hold even if all the clever anti-sceptical fixes defeat the traditional sceptic. Not only is the argument schema novel, but the sceptical consequences are entirely unexpected. Although the new sceptic concludes that we don't know that fire engines are red, that we sometimes have pains in our knees, or even that we believe that fire engines are red or that knees sometimes throb, she admits that we know millions of exotic truths such as the fact that black holes exist. You can know about the existence of black holes, but not about the colour of your shirt or even about what you believe regarding the colour of your shirt. The new sceptical arguments proceed in the usual way (here's a sceptical hypothesis; you can't neutralize it, you have to be able to neutralize it to know P; so you don't know P), but the sceptical hypotheses plugged into it are 'real live' scientific-philosophical hypotheses often thought to be actually true, such as error theories about belief, colour, pain location, and character traits. Frances investigates the questions, 'Under what conditions do we need to rule out these error theories in order to know things inconsistent with them?' and 'Can we rule them out?' Particular attention is paid to recent methods used to counter the traditional sceptic. Sharp, witty, and fun to read, Scepticism Comes Alive will be highly provocative for anyone interested in knowledge and its limits.

Scepticism Comes Alive

Scepticism Comes Alive PDF Author: Bryan Frances
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780199283125
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 209

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Book Description


The Philosopher's Index

The Philosopher's Index PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.

Aspects of Scepticism

Aspects of Scepticism PDF Author: John Fordyce
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Faith
Languages : en
Pages : 274

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Christianity and Scepticism

Christianity and Scepticism PDF Author: BOSTON LECTURES.
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Apologetics
Languages : en
Pages : 291

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Problems of Christianity and Scepticism

Problems of Christianity and Scepticism PDF Author: Alexander James Harrison
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Apologetics
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Boston Lectures, Christianity and Scepticism. 1871-1872

Boston Lectures, Christianity and Scepticism. 1871-1872 PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Apologetics
Languages : en
Pages :

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Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion PDF Author: Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199542666
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 254

View

Book Description
This volume offers a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in this longstanding area of philosophy, which has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century. The essays are broad-ranging, and as a whole are not specific to any particular creed.

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Theistic modal realism?

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Theistic modal realism? PDF Author: Jonathan L. Kvanvig
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
'Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion' is an annual volume offering a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this longstanding area of philosophy that has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century.

Scepticism and Animal Faith

Scepticism and Animal Faith PDF Author: George Santayana
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486202365
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 314

View

Book Description
In this work, Santayana analyzes the nature of the knowing process and demonstrates by means of clear, powerful arguments how we know and what validates our knowledge. The central concept of his philosophy is found in a careful discrimination between the awareness of objects independent of our perception and the awareness of essences attributed to objects by our mind, or between what Santayana calls the realm of existents and the realm of subsistents. Since we can never be certain that these attributes actually inhere in a substratum of existents, skepticism is established as a form of belief, but animal faith is shown to be a necessary quality of the human mind. Without this faith there could be no rational approach to the necessary problem of understanding and surviving in this world. Santayana derives this practical philosophy from a wide and fascinating variety of sources. He considers critically the positions of such philosophers as Descartes, Euclid, Hume, Kant, Parmenides, Plato, Pythagoras, Schopenhauer, and the Buddhist school as well as the assumptions made by the ordinary man in everyday situations. Such matters as the nature of belief, the rejection of classical idealism, the nature of intuition and memory, symbols and myth, mathematical reality, literary psychology, the discovery of essence, sublimation of animal faith, the implied being of truth, and many others are given detailed analyses in individual chapters.