Social Mendelism

Social Mendelism PDF Author: Amir Teicher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110849949X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 284

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Book Description
Will revolutionize reader's understanding of the principles of modern genetics, Nazi racial policies and the relationship between them.

Social Mendelism

Social Mendelism PDF Author: Amir Teicher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108603009
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Who was the scientific progenitor of eugenic thought? Amir Teicher challenges the preoccupation with Darwin's eugenic legacy by uncovering the extent to which Gregor Mendel's theory of heredity became crucial in the formation - and radicalization - of eugenic ideas. Through a compelling analysis of the entrenchment of genetic thinking in the social and political policies in Germany between 1900 and 1948, Teicher exposes how Mendelian heredity became saturated with cultural meaning, fed racial anxieties, reshaped the ideal of the purification of the German national body and ultimately defined eugenic programs. Drawing on scientific manuscripts and memoirs, bureaucratic correspondence, court records, school notebooks and Hitler's table talk as well as popular plays and films, Social Mendelism presents a new paradigm for understanding links between genetics and racism, and between biological and social thought.

The Hour of Eugenics"

The Hour of Eugenics Author: Nancy Leys Stepan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501702254
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description
Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany.

Genetics in the Madhouse

Genetics in the Madhouse PDF Author: Theodore M. Porter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691203237
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 464

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Book Description
The untold story of how hereditary data in mental hospitals gave rise to the science of human heredity In the early 1800s, a century before there was any concept of the gene, physicians in insane asylums began to record causes of madness in their admission books. Almost from the beginning, they pointed to heredity as the most important of these causes. Genetics in the Madhouse is the untold story of how the collection of hereditary data in asylums and prisons gave rise to a new science of human heredity. Theodore Porter looks at the institutional use of innovative quantitative practices—such as pedigree charts and censuses of mental illness—that were worked out in the madhouse long before the manipulation of DNA became possible in the lab. Genetics in the Madhouse brings to light the hidden history behind modern genetics and deepens our appreciation of the moral issues at stake in data work conducted at the border of subjectivity and science.

Jewish Families and Kinship in the Early Modern and Modern Eras

Jewish Families and Kinship in the Early Modern and Modern Eras PDF Author: Mirjam Thulin
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam
ISBN: 3869564938
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 180

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Book Description
The Jewish family has been the subject of much admiration and analysis, criticism and myth-making, not just but especially in modern times. As a field of inquiry, its place is at the intersection – or in the shadow – of the great topics in Jewish Studies and its contributing disciplines. Among them are the modernization and privatization of Judaism and Jewish life;integration and distinctiveness of Jews as individuals and as a group;gender roles and education. These and related questions have been the focus of modern Jewish family research, which took shape as a discipline in the 1910s. This issue of PaRDeS traces the origins of academic Jewish family research and takes stock of its development over a century, with its ruptures that have added to the importance of familial roots and continuities. A special section retrieves the founder of the field, Arthur Czellitzer (1871–1943), his biography and work from oblivion and places him in the context of early 20th-century science and Jewish life. The articles on current questions of Jewish family history reflect the topic’s potential for shedding new light on key questions in Jewish Studies past and present. Their thematic range – from 13th-century Yiddish Arthurian romances via family-based business practices in 19th-century Hungary and Germany, to concepts of Jewish parenthood in Imperial Russia – illustrates the broad interest in Jewish family research as a paradigm for early modern and modern Jewish Studies.

Saving the Prairies

Saving the Prairies PDF Author: Ronald C. Tobey
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520334191
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 326

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Book Description
This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1981.

Cognition and Fact

Cognition and Fact PDF Author: Robert S. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400944985
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 468

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Book Description
Within the last ten years, the interest of historians and philosophers of science in the epistemological writings of the Polish medical microbiologist Ludwik Fleck (1896-1961), who had up to then been almost completely unknown, has advanced with great strides. His main writings on epistemological questions were published in the mid-1930's, but they remained almost unnoticed. Today, however, one may rightly call Fleck a 'classical' figure both of episte mology and of the historical sociology of science, one whose works are comparable with Popper's Logic of Scientific Discovery or Merton's pioneer ing study of the relations among economics, Puritanism, and natural science, both also originally published in the mid-1930's. The story of this book of 'materials on Ludwik Fleck' is also the story of the reception of Ludwik Fleck. In this volume, some essential materials which have been produced by that reception have been gathered together. We will sketch both the reception and the materials.

Interests and the Growth of Knowledge (RLE Social Theory)

Interests and the Growth of Knowledge (RLE Social Theory) PDF Author: Barry Barnes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651693
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 122

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Book Description
Intriguingly different in approach from conventional works in the same area of inquiry, this study deals with the central problems and concerns of the sociology of knowledge as it has traditionally been conceived of. In other words, it is concerned with the relationship of knowledge, social interests and social structure, and with the various attempts which have been made to analyse the relationship. Barry Barnes takes the classic writings in the sociology of knowledge – by Marx, Lukács, Weber, Mannheim, Goldmann, Habermas and others – and uses them as resources in coming to grips with what he regards as the currently most interesting and significant questions in this area. This approach reflects one of the principal themes of the book itself. Knowledge, it is argued, is best treated as a resource available to those possessing it. This is the best perspective from which to understand its relationship to action and its historical significance; it is a perspective which avoids the problems of holding that knowledge is derivative, as well as those generated by the view that knowledge is a strong determinant of consciousness. the result is an unusual textbook, particularly valuable when read in conjunction with the original works it discusses.

Eugenics, Human Genetics and Human Failings

Eugenics, Human Genetics and Human Failings PDF Author: Pauline Mazumdar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134950217
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
This scholarly and penetrating study of eugenics is a major contribution to our understanding of the complex relation between science, ideology and class.

The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice

The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice PDF Author: Martin Carrier
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 9780822971139
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
Philosophers, sociologists, and historians of science offer a multidisciplinary view of the complex interrelationships of values in science and society, in both contemporary and historic contexts. They analyze the impact of commercialization and politicization on epistemic aspirations, and conversely, the ethical dilemmas raised by “practically relevant” science in today's society.

Social Mendelism

Social Mendelism PDF Author: Amir Teicher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110849949X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 284

View

Book Description
Will revolutionize reader's understanding of the principles of modern genetics, Nazi racial policies and the relationship between them.

Social Mendelism

Social Mendelism PDF Author: Amir Teicher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108603009
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Who was the scientific progenitor of eugenic thought? Amir Teicher challenges the preoccupation with Darwin's eugenic legacy by uncovering the extent to which Gregor Mendel's theory of heredity became crucial in the formation - and radicalization - of eugenic ideas. Through a compelling analysis of the entrenchment of genetic thinking in the social and political policies in Germany between 1900 and 1948, Teicher exposes how Mendelian heredity became saturated with cultural meaning, fed racial anxieties, reshaped the ideal of the purification of the German national body and ultimately defined eugenic programs. Drawing on scientific manuscripts and memoirs, bureaucratic correspondence, court records, school notebooks and Hitler's table talk as well as popular plays and films, Social Mendelism presents a new paradigm for understanding links between genetics and racism, and between biological and social thought.

The Hour of Eugenics"

The Hour of Eugenics Author: Nancy Leys Stepan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501702254
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224

View

Book Description
Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany.

Genetics in the Madhouse

Genetics in the Madhouse PDF Author: Theodore M. Porter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691203237
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 464

View

Book Description
The untold story of how hereditary data in mental hospitals gave rise to the science of human heredity In the early 1800s, a century before there was any concept of the gene, physicians in insane asylums began to record causes of madness in their admission books. Almost from the beginning, they pointed to heredity as the most important of these causes. Genetics in the Madhouse is the untold story of how the collection of hereditary data in asylums and prisons gave rise to a new science of human heredity. Theodore Porter looks at the institutional use of innovative quantitative practices—such as pedigree charts and censuses of mental illness—that were worked out in the madhouse long before the manipulation of DNA became possible in the lab. Genetics in the Madhouse brings to light the hidden history behind modern genetics and deepens our appreciation of the moral issues at stake in data work conducted at the border of subjectivity and science.

Jewish Families and Kinship in the Early Modern and Modern Eras

Jewish Families and Kinship in the Early Modern and Modern Eras PDF Author: Mirjam Thulin
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam
ISBN: 3869564938
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 180

View

Book Description
The Jewish family has been the subject of much admiration and analysis, criticism and myth-making, not just but especially in modern times. As a field of inquiry, its place is at the intersection – or in the shadow – of the great topics in Jewish Studies and its contributing disciplines. Among them are the modernization and privatization of Judaism and Jewish life;integration and distinctiveness of Jews as individuals and as a group;gender roles and education. These and related questions have been the focus of modern Jewish family research, which took shape as a discipline in the 1910s. This issue of PaRDeS traces the origins of academic Jewish family research and takes stock of its development over a century, with its ruptures that have added to the importance of familial roots and continuities. A special section retrieves the founder of the field, Arthur Czellitzer (1871–1943), his biography and work from oblivion and places him in the context of early 20th-century science and Jewish life. The articles on current questions of Jewish family history reflect the topic’s potential for shedding new light on key questions in Jewish Studies past and present. Their thematic range – from 13th-century Yiddish Arthurian romances via family-based business practices in 19th-century Hungary and Germany, to concepts of Jewish parenthood in Imperial Russia – illustrates the broad interest in Jewish family research as a paradigm for early modern and modern Jewish Studies.

Saving the Prairies

Saving the Prairies PDF Author: Ronald C. Tobey
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520334191
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 326

View

Book Description
This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1981.

Cognition and Fact

Cognition and Fact PDF Author: Robert S. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400944985
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 468

View

Book Description
Within the last ten years, the interest of historians and philosophers of science in the epistemological writings of the Polish medical microbiologist Ludwik Fleck (1896-1961), who had up to then been almost completely unknown, has advanced with great strides. His main writings on epistemological questions were published in the mid-1930's, but they remained almost unnoticed. Today, however, one may rightly call Fleck a 'classical' figure both of episte mology and of the historical sociology of science, one whose works are comparable with Popper's Logic of Scientific Discovery or Merton's pioneer ing study of the relations among economics, Puritanism, and natural science, both also originally published in the mid-1930's. The story of this book of 'materials on Ludwik Fleck' is also the story of the reception of Ludwik Fleck. In this volume, some essential materials which have been produced by that reception have been gathered together. We will sketch both the reception and the materials.

Interests and the Growth of Knowledge (RLE Social Theory)

Interests and the Growth of Knowledge (RLE Social Theory) PDF Author: Barry Barnes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317651693
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 122

View

Book Description
Intriguingly different in approach from conventional works in the same area of inquiry, this study deals with the central problems and concerns of the sociology of knowledge as it has traditionally been conceived of. In other words, it is concerned with the relationship of knowledge, social interests and social structure, and with the various attempts which have been made to analyse the relationship. Barry Barnes takes the classic writings in the sociology of knowledge – by Marx, Lukács, Weber, Mannheim, Goldmann, Habermas and others – and uses them as resources in coming to grips with what he regards as the currently most interesting and significant questions in this area. This approach reflects one of the principal themes of the book itself. Knowledge, it is argued, is best treated as a resource available to those possessing it. This is the best perspective from which to understand its relationship to action and its historical significance; it is a perspective which avoids the problems of holding that knowledge is derivative, as well as those generated by the view that knowledge is a strong determinant of consciousness. the result is an unusual textbook, particularly valuable when read in conjunction with the original works it discusses.

Eugenics, Human Genetics and Human Failings

Eugenics, Human Genetics and Human Failings PDF Author: Pauline Mazumdar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134950217
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 384

View

Book Description
This scholarly and penetrating study of eugenics is a major contribution to our understanding of the complex relation between science, ideology and class.

The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice

The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice PDF Author: Martin Carrier
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 9780822971139
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 262

View

Book Description
Philosophers, sociologists, and historians of science offer a multidisciplinary view of the complex interrelationships of values in science and society, in both contemporary and historic contexts. They analyze the impact of commercialization and politicization on epistemic aspirations, and conversely, the ethical dilemmas raised by “practically relevant” science in today's society.