The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food

The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230598196
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 265

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Book Description
Genetically modified food is at the heart of a new global conflict over how to govern risky technologies in an era of globalization. This timely collection brings together experts from the fields of IR, environmental studies, trade and law to examine the sources of international friction and to explore the prospects for international co-operation.

When Cooperation Fails

When Cooperation Fails PDF Author: Mark A. Pollack
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191568902
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 464

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Book Description
The transatlantic dispute over genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has brought into conflict the United States and the European Union, two long-time allies and economically interdependent democracies with a long record of successful cooperation. Yet the dispute - pitting a largely acceptant US against an EU deeply suspicious of GMOs - has developed into one of the most bitter and intractable transatlantic and global conflicts, resisting efforts at negotiated resolution and resulting in a bitterly contested legal battle before the World Trade Organization. Professors Pollack and Shaffer investigate the obstacles to reconciling regulatory differences among nations through international cooperation, using the lens of the GMO dispute. The book addresses the dynamic interactions of domestic law and politics, transnational networks, international regimes, and global markets, through a theoretically grounded and empirically comprehensive analysis of the governance of GM foods and crops. They demonstrate that the deeply politicized, entrenched and path-dependent nature of the regulation of GMOs in the US and the EU has fundamentally shaped negotiations and decision-making at the international level, limiting the prospects for deliberation and providing incentives for both sides to engage in hard bargaining and to "shop" for favorable international forums. They then assess the impacts, and the limits, of international pressures on domestic US and European law, politics and business practice, which have remained strikingly resistant to change. International cooperation in areas like GMO regulation, the authors conclude, must overcome multiple obstacles, legal and political, domestic and international. Any effective response to this persistent dispute, they argue, must recognize both the obstacles to successful cooperation, and the options that remain for each side when cooperation fails.

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe PDF Author: Kelly A. Clancy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319339842
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 173

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Book Description
This book examines the puzzle of why genetically modified organisms continue to be controversial despite scientific evidence declaring them safe for humans and the environment. What explains the sustained levels of resistance? Clancy analyzes the trans-Atlantic controversy by comparing opposition to GMOs in the United Kingdom, Germany, Poland, Spain, and the United States, examining the way in which science is politicized on both sides of the debate. Ultimately, the author argues that the lack of labeling GMO products in the United States allows opponents to create far-fetched images of GMOs that work their ways in to the minds of the public. The way forward out of this seemingly intractable debate is to allow GMOs, once tested, to enter the market without penalty—and then to label them.

GMOs, Consumerism and the Global Politics of Biotechnology

GMOs, Consumerism and the Global Politics of Biotechnology PDF Author: Munyaradzi Mawere
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9956763217
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
Despite sustained continental and national struggles for autonomy, sovereignty and independence in postcolonial Africa, the continent is increasingly embattled by the forces of globalisation which threaten African identity that is at the core of African struggles for continental and national unity. Situating the debates in the contemporary discourses on decoloniality, global consumerism, global food apartheid and the challenges and prospects of the emergent sharing economies, this book critically examines the importation, use and implications of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and other such non-food products on African bodies, institutions and cultures. The book poses questions about how Africa can be decolonised both politically and in terms of global food apartheid and the dehumanising importation and use of 'foreign' non-food products, some of which militate against the ethos of [African] identity, Renaissance and indigeneity. On note, the book urges the African continent to ensure the safety of imports ensuing from the global flows and circulations that are mired in the resilient invisible global matrices of power.

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230277896
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 242

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Book Description
This book puts forward a distinctive theoretical approach and analytical framework for studying business as an international actor in the environmental field, and provides detailed case studies of the most important environmental challenges in recent years.

Dinner at the New Gene Café

Dinner at the New Gene Café PDF Author: Bill Lambrecht
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429976594
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
Biotech companies are racing to alter the genetic building blocks of the world's food. In the United States, the primary venue for this quiet revolution, the acreage of genetically modified crops has soared from zero to 70 million acres since 1996. More than half of America's processed grocery products-from cornflakes to granola bars to diet drinks-contain gene-altered ingredients. But the U.S., unlike Europe and other democratic nations, does not require labeling of modified food. Dinner at the New Gene Café expertly lays out the battle lines of the impending collision between a powerful but unproved technology and a gathering resistance from people worried about the safety of genetic change.

Genetically Modified Diplomacy

Genetically Modified Diplomacy PDF Author: Peter Andrée
Publisher: University of British Columbia Press
ISBN: 9780774812696
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 324

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Book Description
When genetically engineered seeds were first deployed in theAmericas in the mid-1990s, the biotechnology industry and its partnersenvisaged a world in which their crops would be widely accepted as thefood of the future. Critics, however, raised a variety of social,environmental, economic, and health concerns. This book traces theemergence of the 2000 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety - andthe discourse of precaution toward GEOs that the protocolinstitutionalized internationally. Peter Andr�e explains this reversalin the "common-sense" understanding of genetic engineering,and discusses the new debates it has engendered.

The Politics of Precaution

The Politics of Precaution PDF Author: Robert L. Paarlberg
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0801868238
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have inspired increasing controversy over the past decade. By the mid-1990s they were widely grown in the U.S., Canada, and Argentina, but precautionary regulations continue to limit their use elsewhere. The restrictive policies of Europe and Japan toward GM crops have been much discussed. Less attention has been paid to the policies affecting the adoption of GM crops in the developing world, where their potential impact on the availability and quality of food is even greater. In this book Robert Paarlberg looks at the policy choices regarding GM food made by four important developing countries: Kenya, Brazil, India, and China. Of these, so far only China has approved the planting of GM crops. Paarlberg identifies five policy areas in which governments of developing countries can either support or discourage GM crops: intellectual property rights, biosafety, trade, food safety, and public research and investment. He notes that highly cautious biosafety policies have so far been the key reason that Kenya, Brazil, and India have hesitated to plant GM crops. These cautious policies have been strongly reinforced by international market forces and international diplomatic and NGO pressures. China has been less cautious toward GM crops, in part because there is less opportunity in China for international organizations or independent critics of GM crops to challenge official policy.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture PDF Author: Gerald C. Nelson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080488862
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 344

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Book Description
Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians. Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world. Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the costs and benefits of GMO products. Part I reviews the scientific, economic, and political issues relating to the use of agricultural GMOs. Chapters cover specific applications, regulatory concerns, import/export patterns, international trade issues, and a discussion of future trends. Part II offers a unique look at all sides of the GMO controversies, with short chapters contributed by leading individuals with widely different perspectives. Part III presents a more in-depth look at selected issues plus helpful reference materials. This book makes the latest information on GMOs accessible to all interested parties, including students, laypeople, scientists, activists, and professionals working in related fields. * Additional detailed footnotes and references for the academic * International contributions from the US, Europe and India * Covers the perspectives of different groups involved in the controversies: governments, environmental agencies, consumers, industrial agencies and the developing world

The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food

The International Politics of Genetically Modified Food PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230598196
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 265

View

Book Description
Genetically modified food is at the heart of a new global conflict over how to govern risky technologies in an era of globalization. This timely collection brings together experts from the fields of IR, environmental studies, trade and law to examine the sources of international friction and to explore the prospects for international co-operation.

When Cooperation Fails

When Cooperation Fails PDF Author: Mark A. Pollack
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191568902
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 464

View

Book Description
The transatlantic dispute over genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has brought into conflict the United States and the European Union, two long-time allies and economically interdependent democracies with a long record of successful cooperation. Yet the dispute - pitting a largely acceptant US against an EU deeply suspicious of GMOs - has developed into one of the most bitter and intractable transatlantic and global conflicts, resisting efforts at negotiated resolution and resulting in a bitterly contested legal battle before the World Trade Organization. Professors Pollack and Shaffer investigate the obstacles to reconciling regulatory differences among nations through international cooperation, using the lens of the GMO dispute. The book addresses the dynamic interactions of domestic law and politics, transnational networks, international regimes, and global markets, through a theoretically grounded and empirically comprehensive analysis of the governance of GM foods and crops. They demonstrate that the deeply politicized, entrenched and path-dependent nature of the regulation of GMOs in the US and the EU has fundamentally shaped negotiations and decision-making at the international level, limiting the prospects for deliberation and providing incentives for both sides to engage in hard bargaining and to "shop" for favorable international forums. They then assess the impacts, and the limits, of international pressures on domestic US and European law, politics and business practice, which have remained strikingly resistant to change. International cooperation in areas like GMO regulation, the authors conclude, must overcome multiple obstacles, legal and political, domestic and international. Any effective response to this persistent dispute, they argue, must recognize both the obstacles to successful cooperation, and the options that remain for each side when cooperation fails.

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe

The Politics of Genetically Modified Organisms in the United States and Europe PDF Author: Kelly A. Clancy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319339842
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 173

View

Book Description
This book examines the puzzle of why genetically modified organisms continue to be controversial despite scientific evidence declaring them safe for humans and the environment. What explains the sustained levels of resistance? Clancy analyzes the trans-Atlantic controversy by comparing opposition to GMOs in the United Kingdom, Germany, Poland, Spain, and the United States, examining the way in which science is politicized on both sides of the debate. Ultimately, the author argues that the lack of labeling GMO products in the United States allows opponents to create far-fetched images of GMOs that work their ways in to the minds of the public. The way forward out of this seemingly intractable debate is to allow GMOs, once tested, to enter the market without penalty—and then to label them.

GMOs, Consumerism and the Global Politics of Biotechnology

GMOs, Consumerism and the Global Politics of Biotechnology PDF Author: Munyaradzi Mawere
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9956763217
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264

View

Book Description
Despite sustained continental and national struggles for autonomy, sovereignty and independence in postcolonial Africa, the continent is increasingly embattled by the forces of globalisation which threaten African identity that is at the core of African struggles for continental and national unity. Situating the debates in the contemporary discourses on decoloniality, global consumerism, global food apartheid and the challenges and prospects of the emergent sharing economies, this book critically examines the importation, use and implications of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and other such non-food products on African bodies, institutions and cultures. The book poses questions about how Africa can be decolonised both politically and in terms of global food apartheid and the dehumanising importation and use of 'foreign' non-food products, some of which militate against the ethos of [African] identity, Renaissance and indigeneity. On note, the book urges the African continent to ensure the safety of imports ensuing from the global flows and circulations that are mired in the resilient invisible global matrices of power.

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics

Business Power and Conflict in International Environmental Politics PDF Author: R. Falkner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230277896
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 242

View

Book Description
This book puts forward a distinctive theoretical approach and analytical framework for studying business as an international actor in the environmental field, and provides detailed case studies of the most important environmental challenges in recent years.

Dinner at the New Gene Café

Dinner at the New Gene Café PDF Author: Bill Lambrecht
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429976594
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400

View

Book Description
Biotech companies are racing to alter the genetic building blocks of the world's food. In the United States, the primary venue for this quiet revolution, the acreage of genetically modified crops has soared from zero to 70 million acres since 1996. More than half of America's processed grocery products-from cornflakes to granola bars to diet drinks-contain gene-altered ingredients. But the U.S., unlike Europe and other democratic nations, does not require labeling of modified food. Dinner at the New Gene Café expertly lays out the battle lines of the impending collision between a powerful but unproved technology and a gathering resistance from people worried about the safety of genetic change.

Genetically Modified Diplomacy

Genetically Modified Diplomacy PDF Author: Peter Andrée
Publisher: University of British Columbia Press
ISBN: 9780774812696
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 324

View

Book Description
When genetically engineered seeds were first deployed in theAmericas in the mid-1990s, the biotechnology industry and its partnersenvisaged a world in which their crops would be widely accepted as thefood of the future. Critics, however, raised a variety of social,environmental, economic, and health concerns. This book traces theemergence of the 2000 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety - andthe discourse of precaution toward GEOs that the protocolinstitutionalized internationally. Peter Andr�e explains this reversalin the "common-sense" understanding of genetic engineering,and discusses the new debates it has engendered.

The Politics of Precaution

The Politics of Precaution PDF Author: Robert L. Paarlberg
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0801868238
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

View

Book Description
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have inspired increasing controversy over the past decade. By the mid-1990s they were widely grown in the U.S., Canada, and Argentina, but precautionary regulations continue to limit their use elsewhere. The restrictive policies of Europe and Japan toward GM crops have been much discussed. Less attention has been paid to the policies affecting the adoption of GM crops in the developing world, where their potential impact on the availability and quality of food is even greater. In this book Robert Paarlberg looks at the policy choices regarding GM food made by four important developing countries: Kenya, Brazil, India, and China. Of these, so far only China has approved the planting of GM crops. Paarlberg identifies five policy areas in which governments of developing countries can either support or discourage GM crops: intellectual property rights, biosafety, trade, food safety, and public research and investment. He notes that highly cautious biosafety policies have so far been the key reason that Kenya, Brazil, and India have hesitated to plant GM crops. These cautious policies have been strongly reinforced by international market forces and international diplomatic and NGO pressures. China has been less cautious toward GM crops, in part because there is less opportunity in China for international organizations or independent critics of GM crops to challenge official policy.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture PDF Author: Gerald C. Nelson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080488862
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 344

View

Book Description
Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians. Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world. Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the costs and benefits of GMO products. Part I reviews the scientific, economic, and political issues relating to the use of agricultural GMOs. Chapters cover specific applications, regulatory concerns, import/export patterns, international trade issues, and a discussion of future trends. Part II offers a unique look at all sides of the GMO controversies, with short chapters contributed by leading individuals with widely different perspectives. Part III presents a more in-depth look at selected issues plus helpful reference materials. This book makes the latest information on GMOs accessible to all interested parties, including students, laypeople, scientists, activists, and professionals working in related fields. * Additional detailed footnotes and references for the academic * International contributions from the US, Europe and India * Covers the perspectives of different groups involved in the controversies: governments, environmental agencies, consumers, industrial agencies and the developing world

Trading Up Or Trading Blows?

Trading Up Or Trading Blows? PDF Author: Alasdair R. Young
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Agricultural biotechnology
Languages : en
Pages : 46

View

Book Description