The Myth of Luck

The Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350149314
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
Humanity has thrown everything we have at implacable luck-novel theologies, entire philosophical movements, fresh branches of mathematics-and yet we seem to have gained only the smallest edge on the power of fortune. The Myth of Luck tells us why we have been fighting an unconquerable foe. Taking us on a guided tour of one of our oldest concepts, we begin in ancient Greece and Rome, considering how Plato, Plutarch, and the Stoics understood luck, before entering the theoretical world of probability and exploring how luck relates to theology, sports, ethics, gambling, knowledge, and present-day psychology. As we travel across traditions, times and cultures, we come to realize that it's not that as soon as we solve one philosophical problem with luck that two more appear, like heads on a hydra, but rather that the monster is altogether mythological. We cannot master luck because there is nothing to defeat: luck is no more than a persistent and troubling illusion. By introducing us to compelling arguments and convincing reasons that explain why there is no such thing as luck, we finally see why in a very real sense we make our own luck, that luck is our own doing. The Myth of Luck helps us to regain our own agency in the world - telling the entertaining story of the philosophy and history of luck along the way.

The Myth of Luck

The Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350149306
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240

Get Book

Book Description
Humanity has thrown everything we have at implacable luck-novel theologies, entire philosophical movements, fresh branches of mathematics-and yet we seem to have gained only the smallest edge on the power of fortune. The Myth of Luck tells us why we have been fighting an unconquerable foe. Taking us on a guided tour of one of our oldest concepts, we begin in ancient Greece and Rome, considering how Plato, Plutarch, and the Stoics understood luck, before entering the theoretical world of probability and exploring how luck relates to theology, sports, ethics, gambling, knowledge, and present-day psychology. As we travel across traditions, times and cultures, we come to realize that it's not that as soon as we solve one philosophical problem with luck that two more appear, like heads on a hydra, but rather that the monster is altogether mythological. We cannot master luck because there is nothing to defeat: luck is no more than a persistent and troubling illusion. By introducing us to compelling arguments and convincing reasons that explain why there is no such thing as luck, we finally see why in a very real sense we make our own luck, that luck is our own doing. The Myth of Luck helps us to regain our own agency in the world - telling the entertaining story of the philosophy and history of luck along the way.

Myth of Luck

Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781350149328
Category : Chance
Languages : en
Pages : 240

Get Book

Book Description
Acknowledgements -- 1. Lachesis's Lottery and the History of Luck -- The Myth of Er -- Tuche and Fortuna -- Submission to luck: lucky charms -- Rebellion against luck: Stoicism -- Denial of luck: all is fated -- Luck and gambling -- 2.Luck and Skill -- Slaying Laplace's Demon -- A probability theory of luck -- Winners and losers -- Buying hope on credit -- A skill equation? -- Problems with probability -- 3. Fragility and Control -- Invisible cities of the possible -- The garden of (logically) forking paths -- A modal theory of luck -- Transworld 2000 -- Lucky necessities -- A control theory of luck -- Séances and rubber hands -- Wimbledon 2012 -- Synchronic and diachronic luck -- 4. Moral Luck -- The Kantian puzzle -- The Egg of Columbus -- The accidental Nazi and the museum of medical oddities -- Equalizing fortune -- Privilege -- Essential origins -- 5. Knowledge and Serendipity -- Finding Meno -- Discover " forget -- The man who sold the Eiffel Tower and other skeptical threats -- The Overton Window -- Serendipity -- Divide and conquer -- 6. The Irrational Biases of Luck -- The frame shop -- Dueling vignettes -- Optimism vs. pessimism -- Sailing stones and flying witches -- Machine gambling -- Against luck -- Go luck yourself -- Notes -- Bibliography Index.

Success and Luck

Success and Luck PDF Author: Robert H. Frank
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691178305
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
From New York Times bestselling author and economics columnist Robert Frank, a compelling book that explains why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in their success, why that hurts everyone, and what we can do about it How important is luck in economic success? No question more reliably divides conservatives from liberals. As conservatives correctly observe, people who amass great fortunes are almost always talented and hardworking. But liberals are also correct to note that countless others have those same qualities yet never earn much. In recent years, social scientists have discovered that chance plays a much larger role in important life outcomes than most people imagine. In Success and Luck, bestselling author and New York Times economics columnist Robert Frank explores the surprising implications of those findings to show why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in success—and why that hurts everyone, even the wealthy. Frank describes how, in a world increasingly dominated by winner-take-all markets, chance opportunities and trivial initial advantages often translate into much larger ones—and enormous income differences—over time; how false beliefs about luck persist, despite compelling evidence against them; and how myths about personal success and luck shape individual and political choices in harmful ways. But, Frank argues, we could decrease the inequality driven by sheer luck by adopting simple, unintrusive policies that would free up trillions of dollars each year—more than enough to fix our crumbling infrastructure, expand healthcare coverage, fight global warming, and reduce poverty, all without requiring painful sacrifices from anyone. If this sounds implausible, you'll be surprised to discover that the solution requires only a few, noncontroversial steps. Compellingly readable, Success and Luck shows how a more accurate understanding of the role of chance in life could lead to better, richer, and fairer economies and societies.

Stupid, Ugly, Unlucky and RICH

Stupid, Ugly, Unlucky and RICH PDF Author: Richard St. John
Publisher: Train of Thought Arts Publishing
ISBN: 0973900903
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages : 351

Get Book

Book Description
Have you ever wondered what leads to success. Do you just need to be smart, great looking, or lucky? Richard St. John says those things dont lead to success. And he should know. He spent 10 years interviewing over 500 successful people, from Martha Stewart, to actor Russell Crowe, to DNA discoverer James Watson, to the top people in many fields. After analyzing and sorting all the information, Richard discovered the top 8 factors that are the foundation for success in any field. He also discovered that many successful people aren't especially smart, good-looking, or lucky. They're ordinary people, without special gifts, who achieve success by following the8 factors. Richard himself is a good example. He says, "I could never figure o ut how an ordinary guy like me succeeded in business, won top awards and became a millionaire. So I started a project to ask other people what led to their success, and it grew into a 10-year journey of discovery." The story is in Richards new book, Stupid, Ugly, Unlucky and RICH Spikes Guide to Success, an easy-to-read analysis that gets beyond the clichés to distill what the worlds most successful people really do have in common.

Wallace D. Wattles' The Science of Getting Rich

Wallace D. Wattles' The Science of Getting Rich PDF Author: James Robinson
Publisher: Infinite Ideas
ISBN: 1908474777
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages : 117

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Book Description
The Science of Getting Rich was written by New Thought Movement author Wallace D. Wattles in 1910.It is his best known work and is based on his concept of the ‘Certain (positive) Way of Thinking’. This new trend for using mind over matter was made even more unusual, yet popular, by Wattles’ application of it to business prosperity, mind training, and success in the material world. Here, James Robinson illustrates the timeless nature of Wattles’ insights by bringing them to life through modern case studies. His brilliant interpretation of The Science of Getting Rich is an entertaining accompaniment to one of the most popular self-help books ever written.

The Myth of ''The Leader''

The Myth of ''The Leader'' PDF Author: Lee Thayer
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781456812904
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 165

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Book Description
"People create and sustain myths to explain what they cannot or do not comprehend. They sometimes create myths to make simple what would otherwise strike them as being too complex to bear in mind. Thus we have our ancient gods and our contemporary celebrities, and the fairy tales that explain them. But there is never one cause for what happens no matter how much we might treasure our formulaic myths. Anything that happens has many seen and unseen causes. Leadership is an ideal example. We conceive of our leaders as the cause of how things turn out. If things turn out badly, we blame them. If they turn out well, we elevate them to celebrity-hood. This is fairy-tale thinking. The hard truth is that our leaders cannot be any more competent in their role than we are in ours. Even then our leaders do not control the outcomes. We are following a dangerous path in the way we think about our leaders in this culture. We need to be able to distinguish between real leaders and counterfeit leaders. This book reveals how to do that. This book powerfully and insightfully unveils the myth of the leader."

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream PDF Author: Aaron M. Duncan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317512464
Category : Sports & Recreation
Languages : en
Pages : 178

Get Book

Book Description
This book explores the rise and increased acceptance of gambling in America, particularly the growth of the game of poker, as a means for examining changes to the American Dream and the risk society. Poker both critiques and reinterprets the myth of the American Dream, putting greater emphasis on the importance of luck and risk management while deemphasizing the importance of honesty and hard work. Duncan discusses the history of gambling in America, changes to the rhetoric surrounding gambling, the depiction of poker in the Wild West as portrayed in film, its recent rise in popularity on television, its current place in post-modern America on the internet, and future implications.

Literature and Contingency

Literature and Contingency PDF Author: Christina Lupton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429575122
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 176

Get Book

Book Description
This collection features leading literary critics and explores the role of language in thinking about the ways in which the world might be otherwise, and the history of contingency as a longstanding literary concept. The defining feature of contingency lies in the suggestion that things that have already happened might have been otherwise. Central to late twentieth century European critical and sociological thinking, that argument is at the centre of this volume. The contributors to this volume explore subjects including how literature, philosophy and history all cope with contingency; the existence of contingency in genres as diverse as enlightenment fables, Aristotle, Hardy, Jane Austen, and post-war American literature; the contingency of old age and the poetics of contingency. As the chapters here illustrate, our efforts to understand each other involve a constant opening onto being otherwise; an enterprise in which the role of the literary critic remains key. Of interest to scholars across a range of literary genres, this volume would also have applications for philosophy researchers exploring the metaphysics of contingency. This book was originally published as a special issue of Textual Practice.

Unrelenting Innovation

Unrelenting Innovation PDF Author: Gerard J. Tellis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118416902
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 352

Get Book

Book Description
The hands-on guide for fostering relentless innovation within your company Gerard Tellis, a noted expert on innovation, advertising, and global markets, makes the compelling case that the culture of a firm is the crucial driver of an organization's innovativeness. In this groundbreaking book he describes the three traits and three practices necessary to create a culture of relentless innovation. Organizations must be willing to cannibalize successful products, embrace risk, and focus on the future. Organizations build these traits by providing incentives for enterprise, empowering product champions, and encouraging internal markets. Spelling out the critical role of culture, the author provides illustrative examples of organizations with winning cultures and explores the theory and evidence for each of the six components of culture. The book concludes with a discussion of why culture is superior to alternate theories for fostering innovation. Offers a groundbreaking take on innovation that is driven by a company's culture Shows what it takes to create a culture of innovation within any organization Based on a study of 770 companies across 15 countries, the origin of 90 radical innovations spanning over 100 years, and the evolution of 66 markets spanning over a 100 years Provides numerous mini cases to illustrate the workings of culture Written by Gerard Tellis director of the Center for Global Innovation This must-have resource clearly shows the role of culture in driving relentless innovation and how to foster it within any organization.

The Myth of Luck

The Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350149314
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240

View

Book Description
Humanity has thrown everything we have at implacable luck-novel theologies, entire philosophical movements, fresh branches of mathematics-and yet we seem to have gained only the smallest edge on the power of fortune. The Myth of Luck tells us why we have been fighting an unconquerable foe. Taking us on a guided tour of one of our oldest concepts, we begin in ancient Greece and Rome, considering how Plato, Plutarch, and the Stoics understood luck, before entering the theoretical world of probability and exploring how luck relates to theology, sports, ethics, gambling, knowledge, and present-day psychology. As we travel across traditions, times and cultures, we come to realize that it's not that as soon as we solve one philosophical problem with luck that two more appear, like heads on a hydra, but rather that the monster is altogether mythological. We cannot master luck because there is nothing to defeat: luck is no more than a persistent and troubling illusion. By introducing us to compelling arguments and convincing reasons that explain why there is no such thing as luck, we finally see why in a very real sense we make our own luck, that luck is our own doing. The Myth of Luck helps us to regain our own agency in the world - telling the entertaining story of the philosophy and history of luck along the way.

The Myth of Luck

The Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350149306
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240

View

Book Description
Humanity has thrown everything we have at implacable luck-novel theologies, entire philosophical movements, fresh branches of mathematics-and yet we seem to have gained only the smallest edge on the power of fortune. The Myth of Luck tells us why we have been fighting an unconquerable foe. Taking us on a guided tour of one of our oldest concepts, we begin in ancient Greece and Rome, considering how Plato, Plutarch, and the Stoics understood luck, before entering the theoretical world of probability and exploring how luck relates to theology, sports, ethics, gambling, knowledge, and present-day psychology. As we travel across traditions, times and cultures, we come to realize that it's not that as soon as we solve one philosophical problem with luck that two more appear, like heads on a hydra, but rather that the monster is altogether mythological. We cannot master luck because there is nothing to defeat: luck is no more than a persistent and troubling illusion. By introducing us to compelling arguments and convincing reasons that explain why there is no such thing as luck, we finally see why in a very real sense we make our own luck, that luck is our own doing. The Myth of Luck helps us to regain our own agency in the world - telling the entertaining story of the philosophy and history of luck along the way.

Myth of Luck

Myth of Luck PDF Author: Steven D. Hales
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781350149328
Category : Chance
Languages : en
Pages : 240

View

Book Description
Acknowledgements -- 1. Lachesis's Lottery and the History of Luck -- The Myth of Er -- Tuche and Fortuna -- Submission to luck: lucky charms -- Rebellion against luck: Stoicism -- Denial of luck: all is fated -- Luck and gambling -- 2.Luck and Skill -- Slaying Laplace's Demon -- A probability theory of luck -- Winners and losers -- Buying hope on credit -- A skill equation? -- Problems with probability -- 3. Fragility and Control -- Invisible cities of the possible -- The garden of (logically) forking paths -- A modal theory of luck -- Transworld 2000 -- Lucky necessities -- A control theory of luck -- Séances and rubber hands -- Wimbledon 2012 -- Synchronic and diachronic luck -- 4. Moral Luck -- The Kantian puzzle -- The Egg of Columbus -- The accidental Nazi and the museum of medical oddities -- Equalizing fortune -- Privilege -- Essential origins -- 5. Knowledge and Serendipity -- Finding Meno -- Discover " forget -- The man who sold the Eiffel Tower and other skeptical threats -- The Overton Window -- Serendipity -- Divide and conquer -- 6. The Irrational Biases of Luck -- The frame shop -- Dueling vignettes -- Optimism vs. pessimism -- Sailing stones and flying witches -- Machine gambling -- Against luck -- Go luck yourself -- Notes -- Bibliography Index.

Success and Luck

Success and Luck PDF Author: Robert H. Frank
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691178305
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 208

View

Book Description
From New York Times bestselling author and economics columnist Robert Frank, a compelling book that explains why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in their success, why that hurts everyone, and what we can do about it How important is luck in economic success? No question more reliably divides conservatives from liberals. As conservatives correctly observe, people who amass great fortunes are almost always talented and hardworking. But liberals are also correct to note that countless others have those same qualities yet never earn much. In recent years, social scientists have discovered that chance plays a much larger role in important life outcomes than most people imagine. In Success and Luck, bestselling author and New York Times economics columnist Robert Frank explores the surprising implications of those findings to show why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in success—and why that hurts everyone, even the wealthy. Frank describes how, in a world increasingly dominated by winner-take-all markets, chance opportunities and trivial initial advantages often translate into much larger ones—and enormous income differences—over time; how false beliefs about luck persist, despite compelling evidence against them; and how myths about personal success and luck shape individual and political choices in harmful ways. But, Frank argues, we could decrease the inequality driven by sheer luck by adopting simple, unintrusive policies that would free up trillions of dollars each year—more than enough to fix our crumbling infrastructure, expand healthcare coverage, fight global warming, and reduce poverty, all without requiring painful sacrifices from anyone. If this sounds implausible, you'll be surprised to discover that the solution requires only a few, noncontroversial steps. Compellingly readable, Success and Luck shows how a more accurate understanding of the role of chance in life could lead to better, richer, and fairer economies and societies.

Stupid, Ugly, Unlucky and RICH

Stupid, Ugly, Unlucky and RICH PDF Author: Richard St. John
Publisher: Train of Thought Arts Publishing
ISBN: 0973900903
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages : 351

View

Book Description
Have you ever wondered what leads to success. Do you just need to be smart, great looking, or lucky? Richard St. John says those things dont lead to success. And he should know. He spent 10 years interviewing over 500 successful people, from Martha Stewart, to actor Russell Crowe, to DNA discoverer James Watson, to the top people in many fields. After analyzing and sorting all the information, Richard discovered the top 8 factors that are the foundation for success in any field. He also discovered that many successful people aren't especially smart, good-looking, or lucky. They're ordinary people, without special gifts, who achieve success by following the8 factors. Richard himself is a good example. He says, "I could never figure o ut how an ordinary guy like me succeeded in business, won top awards and became a millionaire. So I started a project to ask other people what led to their success, and it grew into a 10-year journey of discovery." The story is in Richards new book, Stupid, Ugly, Unlucky and RICH Spikes Guide to Success, an easy-to-read analysis that gets beyond the clichés to distill what the worlds most successful people really do have in common.

Wallace D. Wattles' The Science of Getting Rich

Wallace D. Wattles' The Science of Getting Rich PDF Author: James Robinson
Publisher: Infinite Ideas
ISBN: 1908474777
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages : 117

View

Book Description
The Science of Getting Rich was written by New Thought Movement author Wallace D. Wattles in 1910.It is his best known work and is based on his concept of the ‘Certain (positive) Way of Thinking’. This new trend for using mind over matter was made even more unusual, yet popular, by Wattles’ application of it to business prosperity, mind training, and success in the material world. Here, James Robinson illustrates the timeless nature of Wattles’ insights by bringing them to life through modern case studies. His brilliant interpretation of The Science of Getting Rich is an entertaining accompaniment to one of the most popular self-help books ever written.

The Myth of ''The Leader''

The Myth of ''The Leader'' PDF Author: Lee Thayer
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781456812904
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 165

View

Book Description
"People create and sustain myths to explain what they cannot or do not comprehend. They sometimes create myths to make simple what would otherwise strike them as being too complex to bear in mind. Thus we have our ancient gods and our contemporary celebrities, and the fairy tales that explain them. But there is never one cause for what happens no matter how much we might treasure our formulaic myths. Anything that happens has many seen and unseen causes. Leadership is an ideal example. We conceive of our leaders as the cause of how things turn out. If things turn out badly, we blame them. If they turn out well, we elevate them to celebrity-hood. This is fairy-tale thinking. The hard truth is that our leaders cannot be any more competent in their role than we are in ours. Even then our leaders do not control the outcomes. We are following a dangerous path in the way we think about our leaders in this culture. We need to be able to distinguish between real leaders and counterfeit leaders. This book reveals how to do that. This book powerfully and insightfully unveils the myth of the leader."

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream

Gambling with the Myth of the American Dream PDF Author: Aaron M. Duncan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317512464
Category : Sports & Recreation
Languages : en
Pages : 178

View

Book Description
This book explores the rise and increased acceptance of gambling in America, particularly the growth of the game of poker, as a means for examining changes to the American Dream and the risk society. Poker both critiques and reinterprets the myth of the American Dream, putting greater emphasis on the importance of luck and risk management while deemphasizing the importance of honesty and hard work. Duncan discusses the history of gambling in America, changes to the rhetoric surrounding gambling, the depiction of poker in the Wild West as portrayed in film, its recent rise in popularity on television, its current place in post-modern America on the internet, and future implications.

Literature and Contingency

Literature and Contingency PDF Author: Christina Lupton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429575122
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 176

View

Book Description
This collection features leading literary critics and explores the role of language in thinking about the ways in which the world might be otherwise, and the history of contingency as a longstanding literary concept. The defining feature of contingency lies in the suggestion that things that have already happened might have been otherwise. Central to late twentieth century European critical and sociological thinking, that argument is at the centre of this volume. The contributors to this volume explore subjects including how literature, philosophy and history all cope with contingency; the existence of contingency in genres as diverse as enlightenment fables, Aristotle, Hardy, Jane Austen, and post-war American literature; the contingency of old age and the poetics of contingency. As the chapters here illustrate, our efforts to understand each other involve a constant opening onto being otherwise; an enterprise in which the role of the literary critic remains key. Of interest to scholars across a range of literary genres, this volume would also have applications for philosophy researchers exploring the metaphysics of contingency. This book was originally published as a special issue of Textual Practice.

Unrelenting Innovation

Unrelenting Innovation PDF Author: Gerard J. Tellis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118416902
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 352

View

Book Description
The hands-on guide for fostering relentless innovation within your company Gerard Tellis, a noted expert on innovation, advertising, and global markets, makes the compelling case that the culture of a firm is the crucial driver of an organization's innovativeness. In this groundbreaking book he describes the three traits and three practices necessary to create a culture of relentless innovation. Organizations must be willing to cannibalize successful products, embrace risk, and focus on the future. Organizations build these traits by providing incentives for enterprise, empowering product champions, and encouraging internal markets. Spelling out the critical role of culture, the author provides illustrative examples of organizations with winning cultures and explores the theory and evidence for each of the six components of culture. The book concludes with a discussion of why culture is superior to alternate theories for fostering innovation. Offers a groundbreaking take on innovation that is driven by a company's culture Shows what it takes to create a culture of innovation within any organization Based on a study of 770 companies across 15 countries, the origin of 90 radical innovations spanning over 100 years, and the evolution of 66 markets spanning over a 100 years Provides numerous mini cases to illustrate the workings of culture Written by Gerard Tellis director of the Center for Global Innovation This must-have resource clearly shows the role of culture in driving relentless innovation and how to foster it within any organization.