The Science of Conjecture

The Science of Conjecture PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421418800
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 520

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Book Description
How did we make reliable predictions before Pascal and Fermat's discovery of the mathematics of probability in 1654? What methods in law, science, commerce, philosophy, and logic helped us to get at the truth in cases where certainty was not attainable? In The Science of Conjecture, James Franklin examines how judges, witch inquisitors, and juries evaluated evidence; how scientists weighed reasons for and against scientific theories; and how merchants counted shipwrecks to determine insurance rates. The Science of Conjecture provides a history of rational methods of dealing with uncertainty and explores the coming to consciousness of the human understanding of risk. "A remarkable book. Mr. Franklin writes clearly and exhibits a wry wit. But he also ranges knowledgeably across many disciplines and over many centuries."— Wall Street Journal " The Science of Conjecture opens an old chest of human attempts to draw order from havoc and wipes clean the rust from some cast-off classical tools that can now be reused to help build a framework for the unpredictable future."— Science "Franklin's style is clear and fluent, with an occasional sly Gibbonian aside to make the reader chuckle."— New Criterion James Franklin is a professor in the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of New South Wales.

The Science of Conjecture

The Science of Conjecture PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780801871092
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 520

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Book Description
"A magisterial acount of matters as diverse as the Talmud, Justinian's Digest, torture, witch hunts, Tudor treason trials, ancient and medieval astronomy and physics, humanist historiography, scholastic philosophy, speculations in public debt, and 17th century mathematics." -- International Journal of Evidence and Proof

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics PDF Author: J. Franklin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137400730
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 308

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Book Description
Mathematics is as much a science of the real world as biology is. It is the science of the world's quantitative aspects (such as ratio) and structural or patterned aspects (such as symmetry). The book develops a complete philosophy of mathematics that contrasts with the usual Platonist and nominalist options.

The Science of False Memory

The Science of False Memory PDF Author: C. J. Brainerd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195154053
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 559

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Book Description
Four main topics comprise the core of false memory research : theories of false memory; adult experimental psychology of false memory; false memory in legal contexts; false memory in psychotherapy. This book integrates these different strands to offer a comprehensive overview of human false memory.

What Science Knows

What Science Knows PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781594032073
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283

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Book Description
Franklin begins with an account of the nature of evidence, where science imitates but extends commonsense and legal reasoning in basing conclusions solidly on inductive reasoning from facts. After a brief survey of the furniture of the world as science sees it Franklin reveals colorful examples of discoveries in the natural, mathematical, and social sciences and the reasons for believing them. He examines the limits of science, giving special attention both to mysteries that may be solved by science, such as the origin of life, and those that may in principle be beyond the reach of science, such as the meaning of ethics. --from publisher description

Arguing about Science

Arguing about Science PDF Author: Alexander Bird
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415492297
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 795

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Book Description
Arguing About Science is an outstanding, engaging introduction to the essential topics in philosophy of science, edited by two leading experts in the field. This exciting and innovative anthology contains a selection of classic and contemporary readings that examine a broad range of issues, from classic problems such as scientific reasoning; causation; and scientific realism, to more recent topics such as science and race; forensic science; and the scientific status of medicine. The editors bring together some of the most influential contributions of famous philosophers in the field, including John Stuart Mill and Karl Popper, as well as more recent extracts from philosophers and scientists such as Ian Hacking, Stephen Jay Gould, Bas van Fraassen, Nancy Cartwright, and John Worrall. The anthology is organised into nine clear sections: science, non science and pseudo-science race, gender and science scientific reasoning scientific explanation laws and causation science and medicine probability and forensic science risk, uncertainty and science policy scientific realism and anti-realism. The articles chosen are clear, interesting, and free from unnecessary jargon. The editors provide lucid introductions to each section in which they provide an overview of the debate, as well as suggestions for further reading.

Lectures on Moral Science

Lectures on Moral Science PDF Author: Mark Hopkins
Publisher: Boston : Gould and Lincoln ; New York : Sheldon
ISBN:
Category : Ethics
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description


Origin of Life

Origin of Life PDF Author: David W. Deamer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190099011
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160

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Book Description
It seems likely that scientists will someday discover how life can emerge on habitable planets like the early Earth and Mars. In Origin of Life: What Everyone Needs to Know®, David W. Deamer has written a comprehensive guide to the origin of life that is organized in three sections. The first section addresses questions such as: Where do the atoms of life come from? How old is Earth? What was the Earth like before life began? Where does water come from? After each question is answered, there is a follow-up: How do we know? This expands the horizon of the book, explaining how scientists reach conclusions and why we can trust these answers. The second section describes how certain organic molecules can spontaneously assemble into populations of protocells that can undergo selection and evolve toward primitive living systems. Here Deamer proposes a truly novel concept that life did not begin in the ocean but instead in fresh water hot springs on volcanic land masses resembling Hawaii today. True knowledge is not just what we know, but equally important is what we don't yet know. In the third section Deamer lists the outstanding questions that must be addressed before we can finally answer a fundamental question of biology: How can life begin?

The Science of Conjecture

The Science of Conjecture PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421418800
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 520

View

Book Description
How did we make reliable predictions before Pascal and Fermat's discovery of the mathematics of probability in 1654? What methods in law, science, commerce, philosophy, and logic helped us to get at the truth in cases where certainty was not attainable? In The Science of Conjecture, James Franklin examines how judges, witch inquisitors, and juries evaluated evidence; how scientists weighed reasons for and against scientific theories; and how merchants counted shipwrecks to determine insurance rates. The Science of Conjecture provides a history of rational methods of dealing with uncertainty and explores the coming to consciousness of the human understanding of risk. "A remarkable book. Mr. Franklin writes clearly and exhibits a wry wit. But he also ranges knowledgeably across many disciplines and over many centuries."— Wall Street Journal " The Science of Conjecture opens an old chest of human attempts to draw order from havoc and wipes clean the rust from some cast-off classical tools that can now be reused to help build a framework for the unpredictable future."— Science "Franklin's style is clear and fluent, with an occasional sly Gibbonian aside to make the reader chuckle."— New Criterion James Franklin is a professor in the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of New South Wales.

The Science of Conjecture

The Science of Conjecture PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780801871092
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 520

View

Book Description
"A magisterial acount of matters as diverse as the Talmud, Justinian's Digest, torture, witch hunts, Tudor treason trials, ancient and medieval astronomy and physics, humanist historiography, scholastic philosophy, speculations in public debt, and 17th century mathematics." -- International Journal of Evidence and Proof

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics PDF Author: J. Franklin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137400730
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 308

View

Book Description
Mathematics is as much a science of the real world as biology is. It is the science of the world's quantitative aspects (such as ratio) and structural or patterned aspects (such as symmetry). The book develops a complete philosophy of mathematics that contrasts with the usual Platonist and nominalist options.

The Science of False Memory

The Science of False Memory PDF Author: C. J. Brainerd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195154053
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 559

View

Book Description
Four main topics comprise the core of false memory research : theories of false memory; adult experimental psychology of false memory; false memory in legal contexts; false memory in psychotherapy. This book integrates these different strands to offer a comprehensive overview of human false memory.

What Science Knows

What Science Knows PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781594032073
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283

View

Book Description
Franklin begins with an account of the nature of evidence, where science imitates but extends commonsense and legal reasoning in basing conclusions solidly on inductive reasoning from facts. After a brief survey of the furniture of the world as science sees it Franklin reveals colorful examples of discoveries in the natural, mathematical, and social sciences and the reasons for believing them. He examines the limits of science, giving special attention both to mysteries that may be solved by science, such as the origin of life, and those that may in principle be beyond the reach of science, such as the meaning of ethics. --from publisher description

Outlines of the Mineralogy and Geology of Boston and Its Vicinity, with a Geological Map

Outlines of the Mineralogy and Geology of Boston and Its Vicinity, with a Geological Map PDF Author: James Freeman Dana
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Geology
Languages : en
Pages : 124

View

Book Description


A Systematic View of the Science of Jurisprudence

A Systematic View of the Science of Jurisprudence PDF Author: Sheldon Amos
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Jurisprudence
Languages : en
Pages : 545

View

Book Description


Arguing about Science

Arguing about Science PDF Author: Alexander Bird
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415492297
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 795

View

Book Description
Arguing About Science is an outstanding, engaging introduction to the essential topics in philosophy of science, edited by two leading experts in the field. This exciting and innovative anthology contains a selection of classic and contemporary readings that examine a broad range of issues, from classic problems such as scientific reasoning; causation; and scientific realism, to more recent topics such as science and race; forensic science; and the scientific status of medicine. The editors bring together some of the most influential contributions of famous philosophers in the field, including John Stuart Mill and Karl Popper, as well as more recent extracts from philosophers and scientists such as Ian Hacking, Stephen Jay Gould, Bas van Fraassen, Nancy Cartwright, and John Worrall. The anthology is organised into nine clear sections: science, non science and pseudo-science race, gender and science scientific reasoning scientific explanation laws and causation science and medicine probability and forensic science risk, uncertainty and science policy scientific realism and anti-realism. The articles chosen are clear, interesting, and free from unnecessary jargon. The editors provide lucid introductions to each section in which they provide an overview of the debate, as well as suggestions for further reading.

Lectures on Moral Science

Lectures on Moral Science PDF Author: Mark Hopkins
Publisher: Boston : Gould and Lincoln ; New York : Sheldon
ISBN:
Category : Ethics
Languages : en
Pages : 320

View

Book Description


Origin of Life

Origin of Life PDF Author: David W. Deamer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190099011
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160

View

Book Description
It seems likely that scientists will someday discover how life can emerge on habitable planets like the early Earth and Mars. In Origin of Life: What Everyone Needs to Know®, David W. Deamer has written a comprehensive guide to the origin of life that is organized in three sections. The first section addresses questions such as: Where do the atoms of life come from? How old is Earth? What was the Earth like before life began? Where does water come from? After each question is answered, there is a follow-up: How do we know? This expands the horizon of the book, explaining how scientists reach conclusions and why we can trust these answers. The second section describes how certain organic molecules can spontaneously assemble into populations of protocells that can undergo selection and evolve toward primitive living systems. Here Deamer proposes a truly novel concept that life did not begin in the ocean but instead in fresh water hot springs on volcanic land masses resembling Hawaii today. True knowledge is not just what we know, but equally important is what we don't yet know. In the third section Deamer lists the outstanding questions that must be addressed before we can finally answer a fundamental question of biology: How can life begin?