The Science of Conjecture

The Science of Conjecture PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421418819
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520

Get Book

Book Description
How did we make reliable predictions before Pascal and Fermat's discovery of the mathematics of probability in 1654? What methods in law, science, commerce, philosophy, and logic helped us to get at the truth in cases where certainty was not attainable? In The Science of Conjecture, James Franklin examines how judges, witch inquisitors, and juries evaluated evidence; how scientists weighed reasons for and against scientific theories; and how merchants counted shipwrecks to determine insurance rates. The Science of Conjecture provides a history of rational methods of dealing with uncertainty and explores the coming to consciousness of the human understanding of risk.

What Science Knows

What Science Knows PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781594032073
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283

Get Book

Book Description
Franklin begins with an account of the nature of evidence, where science imitates but extends commonsense and legal reasoning in basing conclusions solidly on inductive reasoning from facts. After a brief survey of the furniture of the world as science sees it Franklin reveals colorful examples of discoveries in the natural, mathematical, and social sciences and the reasons for believing them. He examines the limits of science, giving special attention both to mysteries that may be solved by science, such as the origin of life, and those that may in principle be beyond the reach of science, such as the meaning of ethics. --from publisher description

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics PDF Author: J. Franklin
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781349486182
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 308

Get Book

Book Description
Mathematics is as much a science of the real world as biology is. It is the science of the world's quantitative aspects (such as ratio) and structural or patterned aspects (such as symmetry). The book develops a complete philosophy of mathematics that contrasts with the usual Platonist and nominalist options.

The Science of False Memory

The Science of False Memory PDF Author: C. J. Brainerd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195154053
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 574

Get Book

Book Description
Publisher Description

Arguing about Science

Arguing about Science PDF Author: Alexander Bird
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415492297
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 793

Get Book

Book Description
This title offers a selection of thought-provoking articles that examine a broad range of issues, from the demarcation problem, induction and explanation to contemporary issues such as the relationship between science and race and gender, and science and religion

The Worth of Persons

The Worth of Persons PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1641772794
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288

Get Book

Book Description
The death of a person is a tragedy while the explosion of a lifeless galaxy is a mere firework. The moral difference is grounded in the nature of humans: humans have intrinsic worth, a worth that makes their fate really matter. This is the worth that the Australian philosopher James Franklin proposes as the foundation of ethics. In The Worth of Persons he explains that ethics in the usual sense of right and wrong actions, rights and virtues, and how to live a good life, is founded on something more basic that is not itself about actions, namely the worth of persons. Human moral worth arises from certain properties that distinguish humans from the rest of creation (though some animals share a lesser degree of those properties): rationality, consciousness, the ability to act for reasons, emotional structure and love, individuality. This complex package makes humans the "piece of work" of which Hamlet says, “How noble in reason, how infinite in faculty." In clear prose and deeply informed philosophical argument, The Worth of Persons establishes a foundation for ethics in the equal worth of persons, which makes ethics absolutely objective and immune to relativist attacks because it is based on the metaphysical truth about humans. The Worth of Persons will appeal to all those who feel that endless debate about ethical dilemmas, rules, and principles fails to connect with what is really important ethically, that is, what makes humans matter.

The Poincaré Conjecture

The Poincaré Conjecture PDF Author: Donal O'Shea
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141900342
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 284

Get Book

Book Description
The Poincaré Conjecture tells the story behind one of the world’s most confounding mathematical theories. Formulated in 1904 by Henri Poincaré, his Conjecture promised to describe the very shape of the universe, but remained unproved until a huge prize was offered for its solution in 2000. Six years later, an eccentric Russian mathematician had the answer. Here, Donal O’Shea explains the maths behind the Conjecture and its proof, and illuminates the curious personalities surrounding this perplexing conundrum, along the way taking in a grand sweep of scientific history from the ancient Greeks to Christopher Columbus. This is an enthralling tale of human endeavour, intellectual brilliance and the thrill of discovery.

The Science of Conjecture

The Science of Conjecture PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421418819
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520

View

Book Description
How did we make reliable predictions before Pascal and Fermat's discovery of the mathematics of probability in 1654? What methods in law, science, commerce, philosophy, and logic helped us to get at the truth in cases where certainty was not attainable? In The Science of Conjecture, James Franklin examines how judges, witch inquisitors, and juries evaluated evidence; how scientists weighed reasons for and against scientific theories; and how merchants counted shipwrecks to determine insurance rates. The Science of Conjecture provides a history of rational methods of dealing with uncertainty and explores the coming to consciousness of the human understanding of risk.

What Science Knows

What Science Knows PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781594032073
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283

View

Book Description
Franklin begins with an account of the nature of evidence, where science imitates but extends commonsense and legal reasoning in basing conclusions solidly on inductive reasoning from facts. After a brief survey of the furniture of the world as science sees it Franklin reveals colorful examples of discoveries in the natural, mathematical, and social sciences and the reasons for believing them. He examines the limits of science, giving special attention both to mysteries that may be solved by science, such as the origin of life, and those that may in principle be beyond the reach of science, such as the meaning of ethics. --from publisher description

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics

An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics PDF Author: J. Franklin
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781349486182
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 308

View

Book Description
Mathematics is as much a science of the real world as biology is. It is the science of the world's quantitative aspects (such as ratio) and structural or patterned aspects (such as symmetry). The book develops a complete philosophy of mathematics that contrasts with the usual Platonist and nominalist options.

The Science of False Memory

The Science of False Memory PDF Author: C. J. Brainerd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195154053
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 574

View

Book Description
Publisher Description

Historical Surgery, Or The Progress of the Science of Medicine; on Inflammation, Mortification, and Gun-shot Wounds

Historical Surgery, Or The Progress of the Science of Medicine; on Inflammation, Mortification, and Gun-shot Wounds PDF Author: John Hunt (Surgeon.)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 438

View

Book Description


A Systematic View of the Science of Jurisprudence

A Systematic View of the Science of Jurisprudence PDF Author: Sheldon Amos
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Jurisprudence
Languages : en
Pages : 545

View

Book Description


Outlines of the Mineralogy and Geology of Boston and Its Vicinity, with a Geological Map

Outlines of the Mineralogy and Geology of Boston and Its Vicinity, with a Geological Map PDF Author: James Freeman Dana
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Geology
Languages : en
Pages : 124

View

Book Description


Arguing about Science

Arguing about Science PDF Author: Alexander Bird
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415492297
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 793

View

Book Description
This title offers a selection of thought-provoking articles that examine a broad range of issues, from the demarcation problem, induction and explanation to contemporary issues such as the relationship between science and race and gender, and science and religion

The Worth of Persons

The Worth of Persons PDF Author: James Franklin
Publisher: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1641772794
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288

View

Book Description
The death of a person is a tragedy while the explosion of a lifeless galaxy is a mere firework. The moral difference is grounded in the nature of humans: humans have intrinsic worth, a worth that makes their fate really matter. This is the worth that the Australian philosopher James Franklin proposes as the foundation of ethics. In The Worth of Persons he explains that ethics in the usual sense of right and wrong actions, rights and virtues, and how to live a good life, is founded on something more basic that is not itself about actions, namely the worth of persons. Human moral worth arises from certain properties that distinguish humans from the rest of creation (though some animals share a lesser degree of those properties): rationality, consciousness, the ability to act for reasons, emotional structure and love, individuality. This complex package makes humans the "piece of work" of which Hamlet says, “How noble in reason, how infinite in faculty." In clear prose and deeply informed philosophical argument, The Worth of Persons establishes a foundation for ethics in the equal worth of persons, which makes ethics absolutely objective and immune to relativist attacks because it is based on the metaphysical truth about humans. The Worth of Persons will appeal to all those who feel that endless debate about ethical dilemmas, rules, and principles fails to connect with what is really important ethically, that is, what makes humans matter.

The Poincaré Conjecture

The Poincaré Conjecture PDF Author: Donal O'Shea
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141900342
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 284

View

Book Description
The Poincaré Conjecture tells the story behind one of the world’s most confounding mathematical theories. Formulated in 1904 by Henri Poincaré, his Conjecture promised to describe the very shape of the universe, but remained unproved until a huge prize was offered for its solution in 2000. Six years later, an eccentric Russian mathematician had the answer. Here, Donal O’Shea explains the maths behind the Conjecture and its proof, and illuminates the curious personalities surrounding this perplexing conundrum, along the way taking in a grand sweep of scientific history from the ancient Greeks to Christopher Columbus. This is an enthralling tale of human endeavour, intellectual brilliance and the thrill of discovery.