Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft KinectTM

Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft KinectTM PDF Author: Carlo Dal Mutto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781461438069
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 108

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Book Description
Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft KinectTM closely examines the technology and general characteristics of time-of-flight range cameras, and outlines the best methods for maximizing the data captured by these devices. This book also analyzes the calibration issues that some end-users may face when using these type of cameras for research, and suggests methods for improving the real-time 3D reconstruction of dynamic and static scenes. Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft KinectTM is intended for researchers and advanced-level students as a reference guide for time-of-flight cameras. Practitioners working in a related field will also find the book valuable.

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 13

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 13 PDF Author: Emanuele Menegatti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319083384
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 1719

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Book Description
This book describes the latest research accomplishments, innovations, and visions in the field of robotics as presented at the 13th International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS), held in Padua in July 2014, by leading researchers, engineers, and practitioners from across the world. The contents amply confirm that robots, machines, and systems are rapidly achieving intelligence and autonomy, mastering more and more capabilities such as mobility and manipulation, sensing and perception, reasoning, and decision making. A wide range of research results and applications are covered, and particular attention is paid to the emerging role of autonomous robots and intelligent systems in industrial production, which reflects their maturity and robustness. The contributions have been selected through a rigorous peer-review process and contain many exciting and visionary ideas that will further galvanize the research community, spurring novel research directions. The series of biennial IAS conferences commenced in 1986 and represents a premiere event in robotics.

Tangible Modeling with Open Source GIS

Tangible Modeling with Open Source GIS PDF Author: Anna Petrasova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319893033
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 202

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Book Description
This book provides an overview of the latest developments in the fast growing field of tangible user interfaces. It presents a new type of modeling environment where the users interact with geospatial data and simulations using 3D physical landscape model coupled with 3D rendering engine. Multiple users can modify the physical model, while it is being scanned, providing input for geospatial analysis and simulations. The results are then visualized by projecting images or animations back on the physical model while photorealistic renderings of human views are displayed on a computer screen or in a virtual reality headset. New techniques and software which couple the hardware set-up with open source GRASS GIS and Blender rendering engine, make the system instantly applicable to a wide range of applications in geoscience education, landscape design, computer games, stakeholder engagement, and many others. This second edition introduces a new more powerful version of the tangible modeling environment with multiple types of interaction, including polymeric sand molding, placement of markers, and delineation of areas using colored felt patches. Chapters on coupling tangible interaction with 3D rendering engine and immersive virtual environment, and a case study integrating the tools presented throughout this book, demonstrate the second generation of the system - Immersive Tangible Landscape - that enhances the modeling and design process through interactive rendering of modeled landscape. This book explains main components of Immersive Tangible Landscape System, and provides the basic workflows for running the applications. The fundamentals of the system are followed by series of example applications in geomorphometry, hydrology, coastal and fluvial flooding, fire spread, landscape and park design, solar energy, trail planning, and others. Graduate and undergraduate students and educators in geospatial science, earth science, landscape architecture, computer graphics and games, natural resources and many others disciplines, will find this book useful as a reference or secondary textbook. Researchers who want to build and further develop the system will most likely be the core audience, but also anybody interested in geospatial modeling applications (hazard risk management, hydrology, solar energy, coastal and fluvial flooding, fire spread, landscape and park design) will want to purchase this book.

Reconstruction and Analysis of 3D Scenes

Reconstruction and Analysis of 3D Scenes PDF Author: Martin Weinmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319292463
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 233

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Book Description
This unique work presents a detailed review of the processing and analysis of 3D point clouds. A fully automated framework is introduced, incorporating each aspect of a typical end-to-end processing workflow, from raw 3D point cloud data to semantic objects in the scene. For each of these components, the book describes the theoretical background, and compares the performance of the proposed approaches to that of current state-of-the-art techniques. Topics and features: reviews techniques for the acquisition of 3D point cloud data and for point quality assessment; explains the fundamental concepts for extracting features from 2D imagery and 3D point cloud data; proposes an original approach to keypoint-based point cloud registration; discusses the enrichment of 3D point clouds by additional information acquired with a thermal camera, and describes a new method for thermal 3D mapping; presents a novel framework for 3D scene analysis.

Background Modeling and Foreground Detection for Video Surveillance

Background Modeling and Foreground Detection for Video Surveillance PDF Author: Thierry Bouwmans
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482205378
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 634

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Book Description
Background modeling and foreground detection are important steps in video processing used to detect robustly moving objects in challenging environments. This requires effective methods for dealing with dynamic backgrounds and illumination changes as well as algorithms that must meet real-time and low memory requirements. Incorporating both established and new ideas, Background Modeling and Foreground Detection for Video Surveillance provides a complete overview of the concepts, algorithms, and applications related to background modeling and foreground detection. Leaders in the field address a wide range of challenges, including camera jitter and background subtraction. The book presents the top methods and algorithms for detecting moving objects in video surveillance. It covers statistical models, clustering models, neural networks, and fuzzy models. It also addresses sensors, hardware, and implementation issues and discusses the resources and datasets required for evaluating and comparing background subtraction algorithms. The datasets and codes used in the text, along with links to software demonstrations, are available on the book’s website. A one-stop resource on up-to-date models, algorithms, implementations, and benchmarking techniques, this book helps researchers and industry developers understand how to apply background models and foreground detection methods to video surveillance and related areas, such as optical motion capture, multimedia applications, teleconferencing, video editing, and human–computer interfaces. It can also be used in graduate courses on computer vision, image processing, real-time architecture, machine learning, or data mining.

Robot 2019: Fourth Iberian Robotics Conference

Robot 2019: Fourth Iberian Robotics Conference PDF Author: Manuel F. Silva
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030359905
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 685

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Book Description
This book gathers a selection of papers presented at ROBOT 2019 – the Fourth Iberian Robotics Conference, held in Porto, Portugal, on November 20th–22nd, 2019. ROBOT 2019 is part of a series of conferences jointly organized by the SPR – Sociedade Portuguesa de Robótica (Portuguese Society for Robotics) and SEIDROB – Sociedad Española para la Investigación y Desarrollo en Robótica (Spanish Society for Research and Development in Robotics). ROBOT 2019 built upon several previous successful events, including three biannual workshops and the three previous installments of the Iberian Robotics Conference, and chiefly focused on presenting the latest findings and applications in robotics from the Iberian Peninsula, although the event was also open to research and researchers from other countries. The event featured five plenary talks on state-of-the-art topics and 16 special sessions, plus a main/general robotics track. In total, after a stringent review process, 112 high-quality papers written by authors from 24 countries were selected for publication.

A Survey on 3D Cameras: Metrological Comparison of Time-of-Flight, Structured-Light and Active Stereoscopy Technologies

A Survey on 3D Cameras: Metrological Comparison of Time-of-Flight, Structured-Light and Active Stereoscopy Technologies PDF Author: Silvio Giancola
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319917617
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 90

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Book Description
This book is a valuable resource to deeply understand the technology used in 3D cameras. In this book, the authors summarize and compare the specifications of the main 3D cameras available in the mass market. The authors present a deep metrological analysis of the main camera based on the three main technologies: Time-of-Flight, Structured-Light and Active Stereoscopy, and provide qualitative results for any user to understand the underlying technology within 3D camera, as well as practical guidance on how to get the most of them for a given application.

Advances in Embedded Computer Vision

Advances in Embedded Computer Vision PDF Author: Branislav Kisačanin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319093878
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 287

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Book Description
This illuminating collection offers a fresh look at the very latest advances in the field of embedded computer vision. Emerging areas covered by this comprehensive text/reference include the embedded realization of 3D vision technologies for a variety of applications, such as stereo cameras on mobile devices. Recent trends towards the development of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with embedded image and video processing algorithms are also examined. Topics and features: discusses in detail three major success stories – the development of the optical mouse, vision for consumer robotics, and vision for automotive safety; reviews state-of-the-art research on embedded 3D vision, UAVs, automotive vision, mobile vision apps, and augmented reality; examines the potential of embedded computer vision in such cutting-edge areas as the Internet of Things, the mining of large data streams, and in computational sensing; describes historical successes, current implementations, and future challenges.

Optical Methods in Sensing and Imaging for Medical and Biological Applications

Optical Methods in Sensing and Imaging for Medical and Biological Applications PDF Author: Dragan Indjin
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 303897370X
Category : Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Languages : en
Pages : 289

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Book Description
This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Optical Methods in Sensing and Imaging for Medical and Biological Applications" that was published in Sensors

Consumer Depth Cameras for Computer Vision

Consumer Depth Cameras for Computer Vision PDF Author: Andrea Fossati
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447146395
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 220

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Book Description
The potential of consumer depth cameras extends well beyond entertainment and gaming, to real-world commercial applications. This authoritative text reviews the scope and impact of this rapidly growing field, describing the most promising Kinect-based research activities, discussing significant current challenges, and showcasing exciting applications. Features: presents contributions from an international selection of preeminent authorities in their fields, from both academic and corporate research; addresses the classic problem of multi-view geometry of how to correlate images from different viewpoints to simultaneously estimate camera poses and world points; examines human pose estimation using video-rate depth images for gaming, motion capture, 3D human body scans, and hand pose recognition for sign language parsing; provides a review of approaches to various recognition problems, including category and instance learning of objects, and human activity recognition; with a Foreword by Dr. Jamie Shotton.