Underground Economies and Illegal Imports

Underground Economies and Illegal Imports PDF Author: Donald E. DeKieffer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195394887
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 319

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Book Description
Underground Economies and Illegal Imports: Business and Legal Strategies to Address Illegal Commerce is a unique resource for lawyers and their clients facing the chaotic landscape of illegal trade in the black and gray markets, where legal remedies are often unobtainable or impracticable. Donald E. deKieffer-a practitioner who has represented more than 60 Fortune 500 companies both in the US and abroad-provides clear descriptions of how international supply and distribution chains are attacked by clever and not-so-subtle thieves around the world. This book is also a helpful source of examples and instructions on how to prepare for these attacks, and the best remedies when they do occur. Underground Economies and Illegal Imports: Business and Legal Strategies to Address Illegal Commerce is a one-of-a-kind guide to the underside of international trade for businesses, law enforcement and policy-makers. The illicit dealers in legitimate (or not-so-legitimate) merchandise are often linked with transnational criminal elements and even terrorists. This book assists international traders in avoiding these problems, or ameliorating any effects.

Underground Economies in Transition

Underground Economies in Transition PDF Author: Edgar L. Feige
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429664885
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 461

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Book Description
Published in 1999, this work examines the crucial role played by unofficial and underground activities in the transitional economies of Central and Eastern Europe and new independent states. Countries undergoing radical transformations from socialism to capitalism experience fundamental changes in institutional rules governing property rights, government regulations, taxation and the appropriate conduct of public service. Underground and unofficial activities represents non-compliant economic behaviours involving evasion, avoidance, circumvention, abuse and/or corruption of the institutional rules as well as efforts to conceal these illicit behaviours from the view of public authorities. The book employs the conceptual framework of the new institutional economics to elaborate the theoretical relationship between underground activities and overall performance of transition economies. The social, cultural and economic causes of unofficial activities are examined as well as their consequences for economic policy and performance. Policy issues include the relationship between tax evasion and corruption, the underground economy and organized crime, state and regulation, and methods and consequences of legalization of the underground economy.

Informal Trade and Underground Economy in Myanmar

Informal Trade and Underground Economy in Myanmar PDF Author: Winston Set Aung
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
ISBN: 2355960240
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 96

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Book Description
At present, collecting and analyzing data from inside Myanmar remains notoriously difficult. There is, therefore, a non-Myanmar approach towards the majority of studies on Myanmar. This is especially the case when dealing with informal or illegal trade within the country’s territory. IRASEC and the Observatory on Illicit Trafficking wanted to fill this gap by giving the floor to Professor Winston Set Aung, the founder and the director of the Asia Development Research Institute, and director of the Asia Language and Business Academy in Myanmar. He is also an MBA lecturer at the Institute of Economics in Yangon and is involved in several international and regional research programs in partnership with various research institutes including the Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand; Tokyo University, Japan; and the Institute for Security and Development Policy of Sweden, Stockholm Environmental Institute. The focus of Professor Winston Set Aung’s study is to provide a Myanmar-centric perspective on informal or illegal trade. The author offers an analysis regarding the process of informal exchanges through a pragmatic and non-contextualized critique. The causes of informal and illegal exchanges are identified and described without commenting on their origins. This intentional, measured, and calculated conservative perspective enables us to think on how to best use these flows in the current political situation in Myanmar. It seems therefore useful and relevant to make this data available to our readers.

The Underground Economy

The Underground Economy PDF Author: United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Government publications
Languages : en
Pages : 80

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Book Description


The Informal and Underground Economy of the South Texas Border

The Informal and Underground Economy of the South Texas Border PDF Author: Chad Richardson
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292739281
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 351

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Book Description
Much has been debated about the presence of undocumented workers along the South Texas border, but these debates often overlook the more complete dimension: the region's longstanding, undocumented economies as a whole. Borderlands commerce that evades government scrutiny can be categorized into informal economies (the unreported exchange of legal goods and services) or underground economies (criminal economic activities that, obviously, occur without government oversight). Examining long-term study, observation, and participation in the border region, with the assistance of hundreds of locally embedded informants, The Informal and Underground Economy of the South Texas Border presents unique insights into the causes and ramifications of these economic channels. The third volume in UT–Pan American's Borderlife Project, this eye-opening investigation draws on vivid ethnographic interviews, bolstered by decades of supplemental data, to reveal a culture where divided loyalties, paired with a lack of access to protection under the law and other forms of state-sponsored recourse, have given rise to social spectra that often defy stereotypes. A cornerstone of the authors' findings is that these economic activities increase when citizens perceive the state's intervention as illegitimate, whether in the form of fees, taxes, or regulation. From living conditions in the impoverished colonias to President Felipe Calderón's futile attempts to eradicate police corruption in Mexico, this book is a riveting portrait of benefit versus risk in the wake of a "no-man's-land" legacy.

Food Fraud Prevention

Food Fraud Prevention PDF Author: John W. Spink
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 1493996215
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 627

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Book Description
This textbook provides both the theoretical and concrete foundations needed to fully develop, implement, and manage a Food Fraud Prevention Strategy. The scope of focus includes all types of fraud (from adulterant-substances to stolen goods to counterfeits) and all types of products (from ingredients through to finished goods at retail). There are now broad, harmonized, and thorough regulatory and standard certification requirements for the food manufacturers, suppliers, and retailers. These requirements create a need for a more focused and systematic approach to understanding the root cause, conducting vulnerability assessments, and organizing and implementing a Food Fraud Prevention Strategy. A major step in the harmonizing and sharing of best practices was the 2018 industry-wide standards and certification requirements in the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) endorsed Food Safety Management Systems (e.g., BRC, FSSC, IFS, & SQF). Addressing food fraud is now NOT optional – requirements include implementing a Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment and a Food Fraud Prevention Strategy for all types of fraud and for all products. The overall prevention strategy presented in this book begins with the basic requirements and expands through the criminology root cause analysis to the final resource-allocation decision-making based on the COSO principle of Enterprise Risk Management/ ERM. The focus on the root cause expands from detection and catching bad guys to the application of foundational criminology concepts that reduce the overall vulnerability. The concepts are integrated into a fully integrated and inter-connected management system that utilizes the Food Fraud Prevention Cycle (FFPC) that starts with a pre-filter or Food Fraud Initial Screening (FFIS). This is a comprehensive and all-encompassing textbook that takes an interdisciplinary approach to the most basic and most challenging questions of how to start, what to do, how much is enough, and how to measure success.

Counterfeit Medicines: Policy, economics, and countermeasures

Counterfeit Medicines: Policy, economics, and countermeasures PDF Author: Albert I. Wertheimer
Publisher: ILM Publications
ISBN: 1906799083
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 156

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Book Description
"Discusses the economic and financial consequences of pharmaceutical product counterfeiting and describes some of the measures that can be taken to counteract their impact"--Provided by publisher.

Subterranean Or Underground Economy

Subterranean Or Underground Economy PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Commerce, Consumer, and Monetary Affairs Subcommittee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Tax evasion
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description


Non-observed Economy in National Accounts

Non-observed Economy in National Accounts PDF Author: United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 354

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Book Description
This publication presents an overview of current practices of 43 countries in measuring the non-observed economy - those activities that are illegal or hidden from authorities to avoid paying tax or social security contributions. It focuses on the description of methods used and includes quantitative examples and estimates of the share of non-observed economy in the GDP of different countries. Statisticians have developed a range of techniques to estimate the informal, illegal and underground activities, and those undertaken by households for their own final use. The publication gives an overview how countries are using these techniques in practice.

Underground Economies and Illegal Imports

Underground Economies and Illegal Imports PDF Author: Donald E. DeKieffer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195394887
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 319

View

Book Description
Underground Economies and Illegal Imports: Business and Legal Strategies to Address Illegal Commerce is a unique resource for lawyers and their clients facing the chaotic landscape of illegal trade in the black and gray markets, where legal remedies are often unobtainable or impracticable. Donald E. deKieffer-a practitioner who has represented more than 60 Fortune 500 companies both in the US and abroad-provides clear descriptions of how international supply and distribution chains are attacked by clever and not-so-subtle thieves around the world. This book is also a helpful source of examples and instructions on how to prepare for these attacks, and the best remedies when they do occur. Underground Economies and Illegal Imports: Business and Legal Strategies to Address Illegal Commerce is a one-of-a-kind guide to the underside of international trade for businesses, law enforcement and policy-makers. The illicit dealers in legitimate (or not-so-legitimate) merchandise are often linked with transnational criminal elements and even terrorists. This book assists international traders in avoiding these problems, or ameliorating any effects.

Underground Economies in Transition

Underground Economies in Transition PDF Author: Edgar L. Feige
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429664885
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 461

View

Book Description
Published in 1999, this work examines the crucial role played by unofficial and underground activities in the transitional economies of Central and Eastern Europe and new independent states. Countries undergoing radical transformations from socialism to capitalism experience fundamental changes in institutional rules governing property rights, government regulations, taxation and the appropriate conduct of public service. Underground and unofficial activities represents non-compliant economic behaviours involving evasion, avoidance, circumvention, abuse and/or corruption of the institutional rules as well as efforts to conceal these illicit behaviours from the view of public authorities. The book employs the conceptual framework of the new institutional economics to elaborate the theoretical relationship between underground activities and overall performance of transition economies. The social, cultural and economic causes of unofficial activities are examined as well as their consequences for economic policy and performance. Policy issues include the relationship between tax evasion and corruption, the underground economy and organized crime, state and regulation, and methods and consequences of legalization of the underground economy.

Informal Trade and Underground Economy in Myanmar

Informal Trade and Underground Economy in Myanmar PDF Author: Winston Set Aung
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
ISBN: 2355960240
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 96

View

Book Description
At present, collecting and analyzing data from inside Myanmar remains notoriously difficult. There is, therefore, a non-Myanmar approach towards the majority of studies on Myanmar. This is especially the case when dealing with informal or illegal trade within the country’s territory. IRASEC and the Observatory on Illicit Trafficking wanted to fill this gap by giving the floor to Professor Winston Set Aung, the founder and the director of the Asia Development Research Institute, and director of the Asia Language and Business Academy in Myanmar. He is also an MBA lecturer at the Institute of Economics in Yangon and is involved in several international and regional research programs in partnership with various research institutes including the Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand; Tokyo University, Japan; and the Institute for Security and Development Policy of Sweden, Stockholm Environmental Institute. The focus of Professor Winston Set Aung’s study is to provide a Myanmar-centric perspective on informal or illegal trade. The author offers an analysis regarding the process of informal exchanges through a pragmatic and non-contextualized critique. The causes of informal and illegal exchanges are identified and described without commenting on their origins. This intentional, measured, and calculated conservative perspective enables us to think on how to best use these flows in the current political situation in Myanmar. It seems therefore useful and relevant to make this data available to our readers.

Political Economy and Illegal Drugs in Colombia

Political Economy and Illegal Drugs in Colombia PDF Author: Francisco E. Thoumi
Publisher: United Nations University Press
ISBN: 9789280808865
Category : Colombia
Languages : en
Pages : 342

View

Book Description


The Underground Economy

The Underground Economy PDF Author: United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Government publications
Languages : en
Pages : 80

View

Book Description


The Informal and Underground Economy of the South Texas Border

The Informal and Underground Economy of the South Texas Border PDF Author: Chad Richardson
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292739281
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 351

View

Book Description
Much has been debated about the presence of undocumented workers along the South Texas border, but these debates often overlook the more complete dimension: the region's longstanding, undocumented economies as a whole. Borderlands commerce that evades government scrutiny can be categorized into informal economies (the unreported exchange of legal goods and services) or underground economies (criminal economic activities that, obviously, occur without government oversight). Examining long-term study, observation, and participation in the border region, with the assistance of hundreds of locally embedded informants, The Informal and Underground Economy of the South Texas Border presents unique insights into the causes and ramifications of these economic channels. The third volume in UT–Pan American's Borderlife Project, this eye-opening investigation draws on vivid ethnographic interviews, bolstered by decades of supplemental data, to reveal a culture where divided loyalties, paired with a lack of access to protection under the law and other forms of state-sponsored recourse, have given rise to social spectra that often defy stereotypes. A cornerstone of the authors' findings is that these economic activities increase when citizens perceive the state's intervention as illegitimate, whether in the form of fees, taxes, or regulation. From living conditions in the impoverished colonias to President Felipe Calderón's futile attempts to eradicate police corruption in Mexico, this book is a riveting portrait of benefit versus risk in the wake of a "no-man's-land" legacy.

Food Fraud Prevention

Food Fraud Prevention PDF Author: John W. Spink
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 1493996215
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 627

View

Book Description
This textbook provides both the theoretical and concrete foundations needed to fully develop, implement, and manage a Food Fraud Prevention Strategy. The scope of focus includes all types of fraud (from adulterant-substances to stolen goods to counterfeits) and all types of products (from ingredients through to finished goods at retail). There are now broad, harmonized, and thorough regulatory and standard certification requirements for the food manufacturers, suppliers, and retailers. These requirements create a need for a more focused and systematic approach to understanding the root cause, conducting vulnerability assessments, and organizing and implementing a Food Fraud Prevention Strategy. A major step in the harmonizing and sharing of best practices was the 2018 industry-wide standards and certification requirements in the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) endorsed Food Safety Management Systems (e.g., BRC, FSSC, IFS, & SQF). Addressing food fraud is now NOT optional – requirements include implementing a Food Fraud Vulnerability Assessment and a Food Fraud Prevention Strategy for all types of fraud and for all products. The overall prevention strategy presented in this book begins with the basic requirements and expands through the criminology root cause analysis to the final resource-allocation decision-making based on the COSO principle of Enterprise Risk Management/ ERM. The focus on the root cause expands from detection and catching bad guys to the application of foundational criminology concepts that reduce the overall vulnerability. The concepts are integrated into a fully integrated and inter-connected management system that utilizes the Food Fraud Prevention Cycle (FFPC) that starts with a pre-filter or Food Fraud Initial Screening (FFIS). This is a comprehensive and all-encompassing textbook that takes an interdisciplinary approach to the most basic and most challenging questions of how to start, what to do, how much is enough, and how to measure success.

Counterfeit Medicines: Policy, economics, and countermeasures

Counterfeit Medicines: Policy, economics, and countermeasures PDF Author: Albert I. Wertheimer
Publisher: ILM Publications
ISBN: 1906799083
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 156

View

Book Description
"Discusses the economic and financial consequences of pharmaceutical product counterfeiting and describes some of the measures that can be taken to counteract their impact"--Provided by publisher.

Subterranean Or Underground Economy

Subterranean Or Underground Economy PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Commerce, Consumer, and Monetary Affairs Subcommittee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Tax evasion
Languages : en
Pages : 240

View

Book Description


Non-observed Economy in National Accounts

Non-observed Economy in National Accounts PDF Author: United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 354

View

Book Description
This publication presents an overview of current practices of 43 countries in measuring the non-observed economy - those activities that are illegal or hidden from authorities to avoid paying tax or social security contributions. It focuses on the description of methods used and includes quantitative examples and estimates of the share of non-observed economy in the GDP of different countries. Statisticians have developed a range of techniques to estimate the informal, illegal and underground activities, and those undertaken by households for their own final use. The publication gives an overview how countries are using these techniques in practice.