World-maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca

World-maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca PDF Author: David King
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004450734
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The author describes how Muslims over the centuries have determined the sacred direction (qibla) towards Mecca and presents two highly sophisticated Mecca-centred world-maps for finding the qibla. These recently-discovered world-maps have forced a reevaluation of Muslim achievements in mathematics and cartography.

World Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance of Mecca

World Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance of Mecca PDF Author: David A. King
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004113671
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 638

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Book Description
The author describes how Muslims over the centuries have determined the sacred direction ("qibla") towards Mecca and presents two highly sophisticated Mecca-centred world-maps for finding the "qibla." These recently-discovered world-maps have forced a reevaluation of Muslim achievements in mathematics and cartography.

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures PDF Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140204559X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 2415

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Book Description
Here, at last, is the massively updated and augmented second edition of this landmark encyclopedia. It contains approximately 1000 entries dealing in depth with the history of the scientific, technological and medical accomplishments of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. The entries consist of fully updated articles together with hundreds of entirely new topics. This unique reference work includes intercultural articles on broad topics such as mathematics and astronomy as well as thoughtful philosophical articles on concepts and ideas related to the study of non-Western Science, such as rationality, objectivity, and method. You’ll also find material on religion and science, East and West, and magic and science.

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures PDF Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792340669
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1117

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Book Description
The Encyclopaedia fills a gap in both the history of science and in cultural stud ies. Reference works on other cultures tend either to omit science completely or pay little attention to it, and those on the history of science almost always start with the Greeks, with perhaps a mention of the Islamic world as a trans lator of Greek scientific works. The purpose of the Encyclopaedia is to bring together knowledge of many disparate fields in one place and to legitimize the study of other cultures' science. Our aim is not to claim the superiority of other cultures, but to engage in a mutual exchange of ideas. The Western aca demic divisions of science, technology, and medicine have been united in the Encyclopaedia because in ancient cultures these disciplines were connected. This work contributes to redressing the balance in the number of reference works devoted to the study of Western science, and encourages awareness of cultural diversity. The Encyclopaedia is the first compilation of this sort, and it is testimony both to the earlier Eurocentric view of academia as well as to the widened vision of today. There is nothing that crosses disciplinary and geographic boundaries, dealing with both scientific and philosophical issues, to the extent that this work does. xi PERSONAL NOTE FROM THE EDITOR Many years ago I taught African history at a secondary school in Central Africa.

Geography and Religious Knowledge in the Medieval World

Geography and Religious Knowledge in the Medieval World PDF Author: Christoph Mauntel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110686155
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 318

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Book Description
In the medieval world, geographical knowledge was influenced by religious ideas and beliefs. Whereas this point is well analysed for the Latin-Christian world, the religious character of the Arabic-Islamic geographic tradition has not yet been scrutinised in detail. This volume addresses this desideratum and combines case studies from both traditions of geographic thinking. The contributions comprise in-depth analyses of individual geographical works as for example those of al-Idrisi or Lambert of Saint-Omer, different forms of presenting geographical knowledge such as TO-diagrams or globes as well as performative aspects of studying and meditating geographical knowledge. Focussing on texts as well as on maps, the contributions open up a comparative perspective on how religious knowledge influenced the way the world and its geography were perceived and described int the medieval world.

New Perspectives on the History of Islamic Science

New Perspectives on the History of Islamic Science PDF Author: Muzaffar Iqbal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351914782
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 570

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Book Description
Recent studies in the history of Islamic science based on the discovery and study of new primary texts and instruments have substantially revised the views of nineteenth-century historians of science. This volume presents some of these ground-breaking studies as well as articles which shed new light on the ongoing academic debate surrounding the question of the decline of Islamic scientific tradition.

Medieval Islamic Maps

Medieval Islamic Maps PDF Author: Karen C. Pinto
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022612696X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 406

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Book Description
The history of Islamic mapping is one of the new frontiers in the history of cartography. This book offers the first in-depth analysis of a distinct tradition of medieval Islamic maps known collectively as the Book of Roads and Kingdoms (Kitab al-Masalik wa al-Mamalik, or KMMS). Created from the mid-tenth through the nineteenth century, these maps offered Islamic rulers, scholars, and armchair explorers a view of the physical and human geography of the Arabian peninsula, the Persian Gulf, the Mediterranean, Spain and North Africa, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, the Iranian provinces, present-day Pakistan, and Transoxiana. Historian Karen C. Pinto examines around 100 examples of these maps retrieved from archives across the world from three points of view: iconography, context, and patronage. By unraveling their many symbols, she guides us through new ways of viewing the Muslim cartographic imagination.

Islamic Astronomy and Geography

Islamic Astronomy and Geography PDF Author: David A. King
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000585158
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 428

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Book Description
This volume of 12 studies, mainly published during the past 15 years, begins with an overview of the Islamic astronomy covering not only sophisticated mathematical astronomy and instrumentation but also simple folk astronomy, and the ways in which astronomy was used in the service of religion. It continues with discussions of the importance of Islamic instruments and scientific manuscript illustrations. Three studies deal with the regional schools that developed in Islamic astronomy, in this case, Egypt and the Maghrib. Another focuses on a curious astrological table for calculating the length of life of any individual. The notion of the world centred on the sacred Kaaba in Mecca inspired both astronomers and proponents of folk astronomy to propose methods for finding the qibla, or sacred direction towards the Kaaba; their activities are surveyed here. The interaction between the mathematical and folk traditions in astronomy is then illustrated by an 11th-century text on the qibla in Transoxania. The last three studies deal with an account of the geodetic measurements sponsored by the Caliph al-Ma'mûn in the 9th century; a world-map in the tradition of the 11th-century polymath al-Bîrûnî, alas corrupted by careless copying; and a table of geographical coordinates from 15th-century Egypt.

Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages

Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages PDF Author: Wim Raven
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047441923
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 740

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Book Description
The articles in this volume dedicated to Hans Daiber, one of the pioneering scholars in the history of Islamic thought in the Middle Ages, offer new insights into this field from a variety of perspectives: philological, philosophical, and historical.

World-maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca

World-maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca PDF Author: David King
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004450734
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
The author describes how Muslims over the centuries have determined the sacred direction (qibla) towards Mecca and presents two highly sophisticated Mecca-centred world-maps for finding the qibla. These recently-discovered world-maps have forced a reevaluation of Muslim achievements in mathematics and cartography.

World Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance of Mecca

World Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance of Mecca PDF Author: David A. King
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004113671
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 638

View

Book Description
The author describes how Muslims over the centuries have determined the sacred direction ("qibla") towards Mecca and presents two highly sophisticated Mecca-centred world-maps for finding the "qibla." These recently-discovered world-maps have forced a reevaluation of Muslim achievements in mathematics and cartography.

Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, index

Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, index PDF Author: Josef W. Meri
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415966924
Category : Civilization, Islamic
Languages : en
Pages : 878

View

Book Description
Publisher description

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures PDF Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140204559X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 2415

View

Book Description
Here, at last, is the massively updated and augmented second edition of this landmark encyclopedia. It contains approximately 1000 entries dealing in depth with the history of the scientific, technological and medical accomplishments of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. The entries consist of fully updated articles together with hundreds of entirely new topics. This unique reference work includes intercultural articles on broad topics such as mathematics and astronomy as well as thoughtful philosophical articles on concepts and ideas related to the study of non-Western Science, such as rationality, objectivity, and method. You’ll also find material on religion and science, East and West, and magic and science.

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures PDF Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792340669
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1117

View

Book Description
The Encyclopaedia fills a gap in both the history of science and in cultural stud ies. Reference works on other cultures tend either to omit science completely or pay little attention to it, and those on the history of science almost always start with the Greeks, with perhaps a mention of the Islamic world as a trans lator of Greek scientific works. The purpose of the Encyclopaedia is to bring together knowledge of many disparate fields in one place and to legitimize the study of other cultures' science. Our aim is not to claim the superiority of other cultures, but to engage in a mutual exchange of ideas. The Western aca demic divisions of science, technology, and medicine have been united in the Encyclopaedia because in ancient cultures these disciplines were connected. This work contributes to redressing the balance in the number of reference works devoted to the study of Western science, and encourages awareness of cultural diversity. The Encyclopaedia is the first compilation of this sort, and it is testimony both to the earlier Eurocentric view of academia as well as to the widened vision of today. There is nothing that crosses disciplinary and geographic boundaries, dealing with both scientific and philosophical issues, to the extent that this work does. xi PERSONAL NOTE FROM THE EDITOR Many years ago I taught African history at a secondary school in Central Africa.

Geography and Religious Knowledge in the Medieval World

Geography and Religious Knowledge in the Medieval World PDF Author: Christoph Mauntel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110686155
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 318

View

Book Description
In the medieval world, geographical knowledge was influenced by religious ideas and beliefs. Whereas this point is well analysed for the Latin-Christian world, the religious character of the Arabic-Islamic geographic tradition has not yet been scrutinised in detail. This volume addresses this desideratum and combines case studies from both traditions of geographic thinking. The contributions comprise in-depth analyses of individual geographical works as for example those of al-Idrisi or Lambert of Saint-Omer, different forms of presenting geographical knowledge such as TO-diagrams or globes as well as performative aspects of studying and meditating geographical knowledge. Focussing on texts as well as on maps, the contributions open up a comparative perspective on how religious knowledge influenced the way the world and its geography were perceived and described int the medieval world.

New Perspectives on the History of Islamic Science

New Perspectives on the History of Islamic Science PDF Author: Muzaffar Iqbal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351914782
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 570

View

Book Description
Recent studies in the history of Islamic science based on the discovery and study of new primary texts and instruments have substantially revised the views of nineteenth-century historians of science. This volume presents some of these ground-breaking studies as well as articles which shed new light on the ongoing academic debate surrounding the question of the decline of Islamic scientific tradition.

Medieval Islamic Maps

Medieval Islamic Maps PDF Author: Karen C. Pinto
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022612696X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 406

View

Book Description
The history of Islamic mapping is one of the new frontiers in the history of cartography. This book offers the first in-depth analysis of a distinct tradition of medieval Islamic maps known collectively as the Book of Roads and Kingdoms (Kitab al-Masalik wa al-Mamalik, or KMMS). Created from the mid-tenth through the nineteenth century, these maps offered Islamic rulers, scholars, and armchair explorers a view of the physical and human geography of the Arabian peninsula, the Persian Gulf, the Mediterranean, Spain and North Africa, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, the Iranian provinces, present-day Pakistan, and Transoxiana. Historian Karen C. Pinto examines around 100 examples of these maps retrieved from archives across the world from three points of view: iconography, context, and patronage. By unraveling their many symbols, she guides us through new ways of viewing the Muslim cartographic imagination.

Islamic Astronomy and Geography

Islamic Astronomy and Geography PDF Author: David A. King
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000585158
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 428

View

Book Description
This volume of 12 studies, mainly published during the past 15 years, begins with an overview of the Islamic astronomy covering not only sophisticated mathematical astronomy and instrumentation but also simple folk astronomy, and the ways in which astronomy was used in the service of religion. It continues with discussions of the importance of Islamic instruments and scientific manuscript illustrations. Three studies deal with the regional schools that developed in Islamic astronomy, in this case, Egypt and the Maghrib. Another focuses on a curious astrological table for calculating the length of life of any individual. The notion of the world centred on the sacred Kaaba in Mecca inspired both astronomers and proponents of folk astronomy to propose methods for finding the qibla, or sacred direction towards the Kaaba; their activities are surveyed here. The interaction between the mathematical and folk traditions in astronomy is then illustrated by an 11th-century text on the qibla in Transoxania. The last three studies deal with an account of the geodetic measurements sponsored by the Caliph al-Ma'mûn in the 9th century; a world-map in the tradition of the 11th-century polymath al-Bîrûnî, alas corrupted by careless copying; and a table of geographical coordinates from 15th-century Egypt.

Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages

Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages PDF Author: Wim Raven
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047441923
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 740

View

Book Description
The articles in this volume dedicated to Hans Daiber, one of the pioneering scholars in the history of Islamic thought in the Middle Ages, offer new insights into this field from a variety of perspectives: philological, philosophical, and historical.